Modern Life In Istanbul: Economic, Economic And Modernization In The Ottoman Empire

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Arda Adar Javid Aliyev ELL 473 14.11.2016 Modern Life in Istanbul The Ottoman Empire was one of the greatest empires in the world in the 15th and 16th centuries, but then starting from the end of the 16th century it started to lose its power. At the same time, the intellectual, economic and technological transformations were taking place in Europe, but the Ottomans remained oblivious to these developments.At the end of the 18th century they realized that they were losing power. They made great efforts to regain the power, but it did not really work. The modernization movements were mostly realized in the Ottoman army at the end of the 18th century.. Many improvements such as construction methods, planning, ornament, new materials, mathematics, drawing, painting, cartography, urban issues, were first utilized by the military. Not only that, the new constructions for the shipyards, military barracks and schools, were also built in the European style. The modernization movements of the 18th century had established a ground for the rapid changes in Istanbul that happened in the 19th century. Modernization was realized during the reign of Mahmud II. He was an initiator of military, educational and administrative improvements. One of the most important events in this period was the Tanzimat Charter 1839. There were two important reforms in this charter. One was related with the rights of the people living within the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire and

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