Globalization considers the world as one whole and emphasizes on increased cross border trade. In this nuclear armed world, the only way to exist in the long run as a nation is globalization. The more the globalized a nation is, the more its nationalism is secured. A list of contemporary world 's major conflicts verify this theory. Xi-the globalizer has proved this theory.
On the other side, a more politicized faction favoring autarkic policies and sustained the current military spending. Hitler, at last, has chosen the latter option, and brought Germany into a more and more serious armaments race with other countries, spending more and more money. Under the unfavorable world market condition, the prices for raw materials around the globe were on the rise. Simultaneously, world prices for manufactured goods, which the main export of Germany, were falling. This all came into a result of difficulty in balancing the payment, in which a large trade deficit is almost inevitable.
The My Lai massacre was a point of changing views and perspectives of the American public on the Vietnam War (Source A). The violence of the actions taken were too extreme for many Americans to ignore. The massacre came to represent the war as a whole and the soldiers that were supposed to represent America’s heroes for a number of citizens no longer maintained this hero status but rather were seen as criminals (Source B). The massacre started nation-wide questioning about America’s involvement in the war and even people who were extremely pro-Vietnam war had to reanalyse their rationalisation for the American military presence in Vietnam (Source B). There was an increasing divide in the opinions about the war that only increased after the news of the massacre (Source D); a divide that was splitting the nation into two schools of thought.
Debating globalism and nationalism is currently creating a divide between people, locally, nationally, and internationally. After World War II, the world experienced a surge of globalism: the global economy increased in value, environmental and economical issues became interdependent among many nations, and more immigration occurred between countries. This major increase of conflicts in globalist policies continued until the recent years of the 21st century. President of the United States of America, Donald Trump, has implemented harsher immigration policies, especially on the Middle East. Great Britain left the European Union.
Capitalism was the major transformation that shaped the modern world. The system replaced the traditional way of agrarian methods to more advanced way like production for market of national and international scope (Giddens, 1990 P.11). The modern world brought up with new concepts like, capital, investment, markets, industry and others, these were elaborated as part of the development of modern economic life. Tell the 18th century knowledge about “the creation of the world, about the man’s place in the world, about nature and society and about man’s duties and destiny” all was controlled by the Christian churches (Hall, 1992 ‘p.29’). Philosophers opposed the Christian believe that “the earth is the center of the universe”, they become more away from religion,
The force and bloodiness with which Pinochet and his followers pursued their ideological enemies profoundly shocked the Chilean people if not the whole world. Thousands were detained. Many were tortured. Many more simply disappeared. In the aftermath of the bloody coup d'etat of September, 1973, rape of detained women by their military jailors was common.
However, regardless of Castro’s reputation on personal or national levels, the fact that the politician and former revolutionary heavily influenced political ideologies, the development of nations, and Cold War politics serve as reminders that Castro’s true role in history wasn’t a clear cut one between good or bad. In spite of Castro’s lauded success in the Cuban Revolution against Fulgencio Batista, Castro is nevertheless besmirched by critics of human rights organizations due to his history of constant and brutal political persecution towards enemies and his massive deportation of Cuban civilians during the Cold War. According to the first-hand account of a former Cuban civilian named Ana who lived through Castro’s totalitarian rule, “Cuba’s government during the reign of President Fulgencio Batista was fraught with corruption, but changes created by the 1959 revolution
For one, the lasting legacy of feudalism continued as liberalism and conservatism strived to prove each other unworthy, and Caudillo powers gave military elements to newly-pronounced governments. The shifts between dictatorship and civilian government were frequent and often fierce, and the “criteria” of ruling legitimacy fell heavily on the economic performance of a state, which often fluctuated due to the state’s economic dependency on basic, raw material exports to Europe. In the Caudillo era of several states including 1858-1863 Venezuela, Mexico under Santa Anna, and early Peru years, leaders became military dictators, and civil rebellions flamed. To this extent, a military seed had been planted in Latin America, which, according to Alfred Stepan, may have given some clue to the 1960s tide of New Professionalism also aimed at internal security as well as military politicization. The political and economic instability greatly disturbed the development of life quality in Latin America as a
QUESTION 1 - Do you agree that nation is a modern political and cultural construct? Substantiate your answer by referring to the primordialist approach, modernist and ethno-symbolist theories. In the beginning, in my opinion, nation is a modern and political concept, if it is not constructed. My understanding of nations modernity is not derived from the idea that ‘there was no nation(s) before the modern times; it just abruptly flourished with it’, like many modernist scholars claimed. The question that, which time that the concept of nation belongs to; is it modern or not?
According to this approach, the primary belief is that where a citizens standard of living is high, regardless of the sector of industry, that will automatically give the state the rank of being a more developed country. According to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2015), the state should believe in the importance that natural resources pose towards the development of the state as a whole. However, these natural resources should be equally distributed to the citizens that inhabit s specific state, regardless of class or status, before they are placed on the international market to trade. This approach places the idea on the state that when trading commodities with foreign countries, the best interests of the citizens need to be kept in mind and therefore when a state trades on the international arena, they should be trading with the primary objective to try and improve the lives of its citizens. The Capabilities Approach places a great deal of importance on the idea that the citizen’s happiness is a measure of development throughout the country (Sen,