Romanticism emerged in the late eighteenth century in reaction to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. Wordsworth and other Romantics emphasized the vigor of everyday life, the importance of human emotions, and the enlightening power of nature. Romanticism also stressed the power of imagination, which encouraged freedom from standard conventions in art and sometimes provocatively reversed social conventions (Newworldencyclopedia.org, n.d.) He helped to unite the serenity of nature and the inner emotional world of men; poetry that reunited readers with true emotions and feelings. (Shmoop, 2008). He became England's poet laureate in 1843, a role he held until his death in 1850 (Kettler, n.d.) Originally inspired by the French Revolution and the social changes it brought, Wordsworth tried to create poetry of the people, in the language of the common man.
All things in society can have a modern look, modernism seen in fashion, architecture, and businesses has to do with the popular opinions of the people. The idea of modernism does not have to do with what people consider popular in the art world. Most people of the time period did not appreciate the literary works or the art created. The modernist art did not receive full appreciation until years later. The artists of the modernist era contributed to this movement of art because they no longer saw anything special or unique in the art they saw, writings they read or the music they heard.
The peak of American Romanticism in the 1800s brought forth thousands of new ideas, poems, and rebellions towards the Enlightenment. From this time of pure creativity, great poets and philosophers rose. Poets Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson shared common ideas about nature, individuality, and existential topics, as they were both inspired by Ralph Waldo Emerson. In works such as “I Sing the Body Electric” by Walt Whitman and “The Soul Selects Her Own Society” by Emily Dickinson, they differentially express their innermost thoughts of the individuality and distinctiveness of humans, which incorporates the Transcendentalist ideas of Ralph Waldo Emerson, specifically in his essay, “Self Reliance”. American Romanticism and Transcendentalism
The renaissance time period can be traced back to thirteenth or fourteenth century Italy, specially Florence. Philosophers, writers, and artists of this time period, felt like it was a reawakening for new philosophies and moral beliefs. Francesco Petrarca, or commonly known as Petrarch, is considered to be one of the first writers of the Renaissance time period. Petrarch sonnets were known to be about love, unrequited love, emotional states of one’s well being, and were typically very somber in tone. William Shakespeare, a famous poet, writer, and playwright, followed in Petrarch’s footsteps and wrote 154 sonnets about men, beauty, love, and sadness.
For example, E.E. Cummings’ poem, “i(a)” was, and still is a unique Modernist poem. It reads vertically rather than horizontally, which was a radical idea at the time that it was written. If the poem is put together horizontally, it reads, “l (a leaf falls) oneliness.” This spells out loneliness, but separates the word with a leaf falls. This relates to the idea of Modernism, because many people felt alone during this period in history.
Jones (2015: 72) draws attention to H.P. Lovecraft who admits his work being indivisible from his forerunners. Edgar Allan Poe and Howard Phillips Lovecraft are considered to be the most prominent writers in the genre of fantasy and horror fiction. The works of Poe were a great inspiration for Lovecraft, who on many occassions used not only themes and motives included in Poe's stories, but also the words and style of the former author. Furthermore, Lovecraft even wrote a poem about Poe.
Grant Renner Mrs. LaMorte English 4 Honors P.4 6 February 2018 Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s “Kubla Khan” Poetry is a a form of not only expressing feelings an author has but also expressing their thoughts of society in a fantastic form of literature. Poetry was especially unique during the Romantic era. The romantic era was a time period that showed distinct characteristics throughout literature, music, and intellectual studies. Because of the recent events, the people during the time felt a sense of pride and individualism with the push for “power to the people.” This era was also in reaction to the Industrial Revolution, with the Age of Enlightenment, and rationalization of nature. The influence of current events inspired the themes of intuition,
As may be observed, English Romanticism saw a wide variety of authors who produced a flourishing scholarly and popular works. For this reason, it is essential to study it in relation to its main literary forms; namely, novel and poetry. Although it is worth noting that the Romantic Literature is especially regarded as a poetic period, it is also relevant to mention that this period saw the first flowering of English novel. After having dealt with the historical background of the period as well as with its most salient features, it is time to move on to the second section of this topic: Romantic fiction in Britain. Although, as has already been mentioned, the Romantic period is best known for the work of major Romantic poets, the period also saw the rapid growth of the novel.
2. The English Novel 1945-1990 The history of the post-war novel in English, and also that of drama and poetry, cannot be understood without reference to the coexistence in the first half of the twentieth century of Modernism and the more traditional approaches to literature inherited from the Victorian period. The Modernist writers reacted against realism in fiction and the remains of Romantic sentimentalism in poetry by introducing technical innovations that could be used to look at reality from the point of view of the irrational, the subconscious, the anti-sentimental, or the highly individualistic. In drama, the revolution followed other lines, with G. B. Shaw 's introduction to the English stage of the naturalistic drama developed by
A brief review of Literature on Salman Rushdie’s work: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2015, The Columbia University Press: Sir Salman Rushdie (sälmän´ rōōsh´dē), 1947–, British novelist, b. Bombay (now Mumbai, India). He is known for the allusive richness of his language and the wide variety of Eastern and Western characters and cultures he explores. His first novels, including Midnight's Children (1981; Booker Prize; adapted for the stage by Rushdie, 2003) and Shame (1983), incorporate the technique of magic realism; elements of this approach can also be found in his later fiction. Parts of his allegorical novel The Satanic Verses (1988) were deemed sacrilegious and enraged many Muslims, including Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini, who in 1989 issued a fatwa sentencing Rushdie to death.