(Ramiar82.blogspot.com, 2009) Most people perceive that architecture will not permanently stay the same but the will continuously change due to vary social context. The term of ‘Modern’ was used to describe the buildings that designed with modernist architectural style, by using the contemporary design thinking instead of using the historical items. (Chapman, 2012). In this context, modernist architect concern on the functional issues in the modern architecture as they designed with the cooperation of the new technology due to the social required. Simplicity, rejection of the ornaments, the equality adaption of the society needs would better assist the working classes due to the economic crises.
He encourages the reader to free oneself from official or commercial architecture which are influenced by the prejudice towards the late phases in architecture which are only concerned with a few selected cultures and turn a blind eye to underdeveloped countries and their alien architecture. He praises primitive architecture for its timelessness and its ability to serve its purpose to perfection with no room for improvement and regrets that the origin of these indigenous building forms and construction methods is lost in the past. Rudofsky then introduces Communal Architecture, ‘ art not produced by a few intellectuals or specialists but by the spontaneous and continuing activity of a whole people with a common heritage, acting under a community experience.’ The beauty of primitive architecture is often dismissed as accidental, but today we should recognize it as an art that developed from human intellect that was applied to handling practical issues and our problems are rooted in our tendency to accredit specialists who may have exceptional insight but are largely concerned with business and prestige. He challenges his readers on a fundamental level and exposes alternate and endangered forms of urban development, lifestyle, social spaces and practicality which we have not learnt from. He
Postmodernism, an extension of modernism, broke away from modernisms rules in favour for the opposite ideologies. In this essay I will discuss some of the key differences between the two movements. Firstly, a breakdown of the modern movement will be discussed through its key features. Then postmodernist features will be discussed in comparison to modernism. Modernism began arguably in the early 20th century when the industrial revolution was reaching an ever increasing height.
This shows they realised that they can 't just build housing units, they must think about how the people who inhabit the buildings will behave and how they will interact with others. It is beneficial to our society to have an understanding of how a utopia should function. “The reason a mainstream version of utopia hasn’t already been created can be attributed to two primary obstacles: lack of a shared vision and lack of a low-risk, high-reward example to follow.”. This shows that our current society lacks uniform ideals and thus will never develop into a utopia. ”By the 1830s, twenty successful SHAKER communities flourished.
With the growing of human society, peoples are always wanted to create a perfect place to live since the past. The term utopia was coined in Greek by Sir Thomas More for his 1516 book Utopia, describing Atlantic Ocean with a fictional island society. A utopia can be defined as a society possessing highly desirable or perfect place, or any visionary system of political or social perfection. Modernist and Modern Architects were concerned with creating a Utopian City, and therefore a Utopian society. Utopian fervor was led by The carnage of the First World War; In the mid 1920s, as the economy of post-war was improved, Modernists utopian desire was stronger to create a better world began to take shape.
They were deeply fearful of the consequences for civilization if the old cities, with all the social conflicts and miseries they embodied, were allowed to persist. They were also inspired by the prospect that a radical reconstruction of the cities would solve not only the urban crisis of their time, but the social crisis as well» Now I would like to analyse why utopian urban planning has been destined to fail, taking the utopian urban plans developed by Howard, Wright and Le Corbusier as examples, and, on the other hand, why this way of thinking
3.3 Conservation of Modern Architecture 3.3.1 International Efforts Modern architecture is an immovable cultural property. It is classified under tangible cultural heritage comprising monuments of architecture and archaeological sites etc. The awakening of the importance in modern architecture began when 20th century architecture buildings started vanishing such as Sony Tower (1976) in Japan, Prentice Women’s Hospital Building (1975) in America and Ahmedabad Tube House (1962) in India. In fact, this shows that the demolition of modern architecture is a global issue where cultural property is not shared within the country but to the world as well. On the other hand, there are people who do not feel the significance towards modern architecture.
The cities of the old world such as the cities of Mesoamerica and the cities of the far east and the cities in Africa all had similar traits and they have their own unique traits as well that made them unique in own right and helped these early cities lay the foundation for the modern cities we inhabit in the present day. The early cities all had their own set up and design the Architecture was dependent on the culture, the religion of the empire or city and most importantly on the rulers or kings of the time. Some of the early cities such as Uruk in Mesopotamia, the early city to be recorded in the world according to the functionality of the city. Uruk was a city that was completely surrounded by walls because of the constant threat of war from neighboring cities and their kings trying to expand and grow their own empire so the people of Uruk migrated from the rural areas to the urban city to seek protection and refuge from the wars that occurred.
The critical and analytical approach to modernism with reference to the 30s, 40s, and 50s designs in order to determine the changing notion of utopia in an evolving modernism. INTRODUCTION Modernism has been defined as a “modern artistic or literary philosophy and practice; especially: a self-conscious break with the past and a search for new forms of expression” (Webster dictionary). Design according to modernists has the ability to create a new world. I will critically analyse and discuss four design examples which are: 30s European, 40s American, 50s American and 50s European graphic designs to discover the evolving notions of utopia entrenched in the evolving style of Modernism. Utopia by its nature very nature has no place in the