Frank Lloyd Wright is considered to be the pioneer of modern architecture. He created an identity for American architecture, while rejecting Neoclassical and Victorian style designs. Wright called this “organic architecture”. It is architecture that is simple, yet modern and co-exists with architecture. He provided a new perspective on architecture and “The American Style”.
It was meant to replace the postmodernism. A very significant difference of this style is that it started rather from an intellectual movement than from a significant building marking it’s beginning. The new slogan was “form follows fantasy” analogous to the tradition formula pronounced by Sullivan “form follows function”. an exposition been organized In 1988 by Philip Johnson which called “Deconstructive Architecture” which finally brought these ideas to a larger audience. It is characterized by fragmentation, skin, non-rectilinear shapes which appear to distort and dislocate elements of architecture, such as structure and envelope.
Modernism is a new type and style of artwork. The modernist movement in art history features in the late 19th centuries and early 20th centuries. With Modernist artworks the old traditional styles and past techniques are forgotten about. Instead new styles and methods are used to create these modernist artworks. The process of making modernist artworks is a primary component in the final completed piece.
In the reading “Introduction to Modernism in Design’’ by Paul Greenhalgh, he mentions 12 theoretical features which characterised Modernisms activity before the International Style. Decompartmentalisation was perhaps one of the most important ideals to the Bauhaus style. They meant for the Decompartmentalisation of the human experience. This being said the Bauhaus school did not make an effort against the alienation of the people at the time. (Houze, Lees-Maffei, 2010).
Slowly modernism was settled and had its roots growing towards the mainstream of international style, people realized that this style is boring. This was when the new idea started coming into the mainstream which had the capability of removing the boringness and restore interest
Postmodernism At the end of the last quarter of the twentieth century, an architectural, and artistic and design stream emerged to create a space for creativity and innovation in freedom of form, design and eclecticism in response to the rigidity of the modernity movement (p10, 2003, Larousse Nouveau) in some respects, in literary criticism and social sciences (Al-Masiri, 2003, p. 81). Jencks Charles used this term in Architecture for the first time in 1973 in an analytical and critical way in an article entitled "Modern architecture of the modern architecture", In 1977, Genghis also noted in his book) Jencks, 1975 (N2) (, "The language of postmodern architecture" (p.89, 1977, Jencks), and the term was used extensively in the writings of architects
Frank Lloyd Wright By: Maryam Al-Mughaizwi 2872015 Introduction The process of defining modernism has been considered complex. It is considered less rational as a style, since its boundaries appear looser as compared to classicism. Many critics would come have with contradicting view that modernism is can be classified differently rather than a style, but an amalgamation of aesthetics and receptivity. A good example is Frank Lloyd Wright who vehemently went against the grouping of a style but perceived his work as the modernist architecture. In fact, he believed that he brought eh change that is already existing in this platform.
Architecture is an art, using familiar shapes and details in unexpected ways. (Hillier and Hanson, 1984) Architecture represents a social art, a cultural idea, and a profession catalyzed by new technologies, innovation, and a strong sense of conviction. Throughout time, architecture has persisted as one of the most profoundly important reflections of culture. (Alexander, Ishikawa and Silverstein, 1977) Building first evolved out of the dynamics between human needs and means. As human cultures developed and knowledge began to be formalized through oral traditions and practices, building became a craft, and "architecture" is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft.
Modern architecture or modernist architecture is a term applied to an overarching movement, with its exact definition and scope varying widely. The term is often applied to modernist movements at the turn of the 20th century, with efforts to reconcile the principles underlying architectural design with rapid technological advancement and the modernization of society. It would take the form of numerous movements, schools of design, and architectural styles, some in tension with one another, and often equally defying such classification. The concept of modernism is a central theme in the efforts of 20th century modern architecture. Gaining global popularity especially after the Second World War, architectural modernism was adopted by many
Postmodern architecture has taken on complex ways in its development, adopting an indirect and twisted architectural language adopted by a method of its style. Postmodern architecture includes modern architectural forms and a formal language with exaggerated symbolic connotations that are contrasted with postmodern architecture. From one movement to another, which it led to the ambiguity of its meaning to provoke controversy around it. (Al-Nijaidi, 1985) As the figure below shows a picture of a modern and distinctive architectural form: Principles of the postmodern movement: Takes into account local conditions and adapts aesthetically with the ocean. Is characterized by convergence and inspiration of historical forms and a mixture of models and architectural elements (arches, columns ....) and many elements of classical architecture.