It’s a term applied to the artists who are engaged in introducing original and experimental ideas, playing with the forms and techniques to lead its significance in the society and gradually become widely accepted. While music is developmental, modernism increased in the 20th century. This period was marked with sudden and unexpected breaks in the traditional ways of communicating with the world. The world war surely had a great impact on people’s mind towards approaching the world. The impact of both the modernism and art was seen by the development of international style, which left a lasting impression on the urban area.
Introduction What are modernisation theories? Wilbert E. Moore defines modernization as ‘total transition of traditional society or pre-modern society into the types of technology and associated social organization that characterize the advanced, economically prosperous and relatively politically stable states of the Western world”. Modernization theory is therefore a description and explanation or a conceptual framework that articulated a common set of assumptions about the nature of developed societies and their ability to transform a world perceived as both materially and culturally deficient. The theory explains how the society changes from a traditional society to a modern form, by striving towards a modern society of such as Europe and USA. The theories; popular in the1950s and 1960s holds that development takes a linear stage kind of progression.
A new age of technological growth started from 1870 to 1910. Inventions such as photography and cinematography were starting to become popular. It was a period of change, and artists were starting to get challenged by the modernity of the era. Everything was evolving except art, which had the same perspective rules since the Renaissance era. Artists were trap with traditional concepts and techniques, while everything was changing in their surrounding.
Introduction Modernism is the revolution in architecture, of which Le Corbusier is the pioneer. In early 20th century, industry was overwhelming and economy was dominating, what was emphasized was efficiency, function and accuracy. With the development of urbanism, need of the residence for increasing population became an urgent problem. Being aware of what the era needed urgently was a completely new form of architecture, Le Corbusier put all his insight of such a style into the book Toward a New Architecture to inspire mainly the layman. However, his thoughts provoked large criticisms of being too emotional as an Utopian Socialist from Edwin Lutynes who was a leading historicist architect.
Introduction Modern movements in Europe influenced by World War in the past years brought about the aesthetics of modern design and machine aesthetics to the early 20th and 21st century designs. Modernism and post modernism are movements, more likely, periods, which influenced modern art and design during these centuries. A progressive account of the understanding the impact both periods had on modern aesthetics, machine aesthetics and modern art and design will be compiled, including other theories which relate to the modern period. The European Background It was not long till designers realized the advantage given to them and the opportunity to expand productions by means of machine work. Machine products began to possess an aesthetic derived confrontation between function and form.
Utopian fervor was led by The carnage of the First World War; In the mid 1920s, as the economy of post-war was improved, Modernists utopian desire was stronger to create a better world began to take shape. Avant-garde, Modernist design moved to a wider audience from little-seen exhibitions or small circulation magazines. Various theories and experiments have been carried out repeatedly from the previous to the present, there are many examples of failed and successful. Due to the development of technology
Introduction Contemporary art means "art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes." There is a certain amount of overlapping between "Contemporary" and "Modern" art. Thus: Modern Art: Art from the Impressionists (say, around 1880) up until the 1960s or '70s. Contemporary Art: Art from the 1960s or '70s up until this very minute. 1970 is the cut-off point for two reasons.
Design has been and still is represented by a lot of movements, always evolving by the influences of older concepts but also by the apparition of new inspirations. Art nouveau and the Bauhaus style are two types of design which represents, for different reasons, important periods. If they are close from each other in time, they are, however, different in term of concepts, meaning and vision. The context in which they were created might explain more about those contrasts. According to G. Warren , the Art Nouveau style came around the beginning of the 20th century, it already existed before through the Arts and Crafts movement but definitely got its name at the “Exposition Universelle” in 1900.
While some components of Medieval music can be seen as similar, it wasn’t until the Renaissance that music started to develop ‘modern’ characteristics. Counterpoint developed to emphasise consonances with dissonances and bring homogeneity to a piece. The elaboration of triadic harmony and the maturity of polyphonic music added more clarity and focused on sound as opposed to mathematical logic. Music started to become an art form in the Renaissance which was not present in the previous era. Without the advancements in the Renaissance, music would not have developed into what is known today as ‘modern’ Western art
It is also important to understand that the historical period of modernism was marked by the crucial changes in social, political and cultural fields, and it can be considered as a major motivating factor why modernists insisted on equivalently notable changes in aesthetic sphere. Surely, the period of modernism as a whole can be viewed as a revolutionary stage in the arts. But it is important to understand that here the term revolutionary has a meaning of a circular action rather than constant forward progress. Many modernists believed in a cyclical model of history and were highly influenced by the ideas of the 18th century Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico, who stated that a history is divided into stages; it begins with a poetic, mythologizing phase which is followed by rational, humanistic phase which in its turn declines into decadence and finally returns to a primitive