Modernism, as a movement, can be plainly understood as a conscious and essential transfer away from tradition and accordingly by the employment of novel and revolutionary range of expression. Thus, a visible amendment can be seen in fields of art and literature from the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The ‘traditional’ approach and reaction became outmoded in the new-fangled circumstances and were substituted by ‘modern’ philosophy. Social change and advancement in the field of science and technology embarked on, pushing away the modernists from Victorian morals and conventions to modernize, unconventional principles. T.S Eliot’s The Waste Land, is an exemplary of Modernist text, in which Eliot largely discusses the emotional
Even though many divergent psychodynamic theories exist, they all stress unconscious motivations and desires, in addition to the importance of childhood experiences in shaping their personalities. Freud also proposed there were ways that we dealt with those theories called defense mechanisms. He believed we must learn to deal with the anxiety that comes from sources in the external world and conflict within one’s own mind. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, Freud established a method that he called psychoanalysis and he used it to treat mental disorders. He shaped his theory of psychoanalysis by observing his patients.
The effects of sleep deprivation can be separated into two parts, the short term and the long term. Mood, learning capacity, making judgement, risk of accidents are affected by the lack of sleep in the short term. The long term effects however, can lead to severe illnesses and even early death. (Harvard Medical School, n.d.) Previous researches already have shown that sleep deprivation, be it in acute total or chronic partial, has a negative impact on attention and working memory. Total sleep deprivation limits cognitive abilities of a person.
Erik Erikson focused on these crises occurring at each stage of development. His Psychosocial Theory of Human Development particularly integrity versus despair, which usually occurs in late adulthood, stated that development of sense of integrity or feelings of despair can be rooted from reflections of past events and experiences and inevitability of life’s end. Individuals may fell into despair when realizations of having short time for existence and less options and opportunities
Through his optimistic narrative “Delirious New York” he documents the repeated elements and themes in New York’s development and decline that make it a theatre of progress and the capital of timeless crisis. This focuses in particular on the skyscraper as a product of the physical manifestation of Manhattanism on the grid, along with the relationship between this density-focused architecture and the culture of congestion. The division into five distinct blocks, an anthology covering “Coney Island, The Skyscraper, Rockefeller Center Europeans” and an imaginary appendix, each with further component parts, the book acknowledges its union
Calvino's imagined city of Octavia stands as an excellent allegory of contemporary cities in view of their dependence on critical infrastructure systems. Especially, though Octavia provides us with an entry point to consider urban infrastructures in relation to disorder. In this article, I consider disorder to be an important aspect of urban infrastructures. The notion of disorder has predominately been defined in relation to its opposite, which at the same time serves as its correlative, that is order. Disorder has been conceptualised in urban studies as a way to challenge the idea of urban order, homogeneity and control.
Stages of madness: comparing Augustine's and Jung's views This essay examines Augustine’s Confession and Jung’s The Structure of the Psyche of the stages of madness. Jung and Augustine wrote about the stages of human life. Jung consider the stages of human development from the very childhood to old age. He drew attention to the different behavior of a person in a certain stage of his life, changing his personality and gaining consciousness. He also analyzed the problems that are typical for a person at a certain time of his life.
Therefore, along with his radical views of the political practices of the British Government at that time, Shelley made it clear that those have to stop. Furthermore, Shelley died at a young age which contributes to the restrain in his ability to evolve in his thinking and views that he could convey in his writings. His lifetime was spent in a restricted situations, which become the ideas of trying to evoke revolution through the “England in 1819” poem. Looking at the theme of history, the events that could be related to the convention of the writing of the poem are the the history of the context in which the poem was written and also this will directly related to the lives of the poets itself. In comparison to Tennyson’s poem, “The Charge of the Light Brigade”, same factor of the livelihood of the poets can produce vivid image as to why the two contrast to each
What has triggered the hostility to 21st century globalization, and how does it differ from 20th century globalization? The main argumentation of this issue focuses on the different aspects of globalization during this period of transformation. In exploring the debates on globalization I am particularly interested in its impact on cities, because urbanization is one of those aspects, reflecting the changing face of globalization. Globalization decelerated from the 1910s onward due to the World Wars and the Cold War. Naturally, 20th century globalization was occupied with post-war development policies and uncertainty, which adversely affected urban development.
She paints a picture of the state being an informalized entity, bending its rules to achieve urban and industrial development. I think the reason that the state has followed this mechanism is to fulfil its own needs of etching the urban poor into the city inhabitants for the reasons of electoral mobilisation. The government has at large extended infrastructure services to the urban poor through schemes of slum redevelopment and urban renewal across the country. But these schemes have taken the slum dwellers as a mere existent population. Populations in terms of categorising people in relation to the social and economic attributes that they possess (Chatterjee, 2004).They are only seen as beneficiaries of the schemes, as a mere numerical figure for electoral politics that gets surveyed in the Census.