"Form follows function", an adage meaning that the result of design must evolve directly from its purpose. Also modern architecture was simple and clear in forms. the natural appearance of a material should be visible rather than hidden or modified to highlight some other feature. Major influences of modern architecture in the mid-20th century include aviation and space
“To truly understand any architectural style (and I am going to confine this essay to architecture),you have to see it in its context and, if you do this thoroughly with Art Nouveau, it shakes off the accusation of lack of robustness. It was born into the febrile atmosphere of the late nineteenth century, when the new confidence in science and rationalism fought with doubt and pessimism about the direction of civilization. Interjected into that was a powerful movement in much paintion, poetry, literature and philosophy toward anti-rationalism of one sort or another. At the same time, a particularly dangerous jingoism was on the rise, with accompanying demands for austerity and conformity. A radical new style- especially a flamboyant one with a clearly subversive stance- had to have osld underpinnings to emerge at all.” (Kellow).
2.1.1. Group one: reformist supporters Venturi (1966) in his famous book titled “complexity and contradiction in architecture” remarked on the inevitable multi – functionality of spaces and so necessary polysemy of their corresponding architectural forms. He believes this meaning plurality and multiple functions enhance the rating of spatial positive ambiguity and result in architectural spaces liveliness in this way. On this basis, he criticized the attitude of modern architects in following the modernism common motto (form following of function and so believing to have one meaning) and their resulted works, for example building Sigram which had designed by Mies van der Rohe. In this regard, he stated that Mies’ Sigram has a function and then
Le Corbusier’s renowned building in the 1920s probably is Villa Savoye Poissy (1928-30) (Figure 1), there are tremendous impact on international modernism.Villa Savoye designed to be functional and to revolve around people’s daily lives. With its systematic efficiency, lack of ornamentation and clean lines. "Geometry is the language of man.’’(Le Corbusier 1931 Towards a new architecture United states of America Dover Publication).He state that this new style aspired to represent what was thought to be machine age with “A house is a machine for living in.”(Le Corbusier ,1929) While in Chandigarh(Figure 2), Le Corbusier introduced the style of regionalism which mean that architecture inherently site specific,responding to the local climate and culture..(Kenneth Frampton 2001 Thames & Hudson world of art United States of America Thames & Hudson Inc) Local climate which is determined by the long-term pattern of temperature and precipitation averages and extremes at a location and culture is to characterize the experience of everyday life in specific, identifiable localities. During his early age in the modernism period ,Villa Savoye is a exploration in the use of primary form. (Curtis, William.1999 Le Corbusier Ideas and Forms.
In order for us to understand this theory one should first have a look at what Modernism actually is. Modernism is the way of thinking, and people’s ability to improve, in this case, buildings with the help from technology, experiments, and scientific assistance. Modernism began in the late 19th and the early 20th century. My target, for this essay, is to shortly describe each individual feature of the Modern Movement, and also to identify which of these features the Chrysler Building and the principles of modernism share. One of the most important ideals of modernism is decompartmentalisation.
20 BCE), who composed that design must be steady, helpful, and delightful. To achieve this architect must comprehend how to utilize at least one basic framework to bolster the outline, how the plan will be utilized once it is fabricated, and what a customer or society will discover outwardly satisfying. Hence, planners are confronted with decisions in regards to ways to deal with the building site, accessible materials, and building innovations. Contemporary Architecture Background Information Contemporary design is the engineering of the 21st century. No single style is prevailing; contemporary draftsmen are working in twelve distinct styles, from postmodernism and innovative design to very calculated and expressive styles, looking like a model on a tremendous scale.
Contemporary Architecture is considered to be that which chose to simplify forms, avoid the use of ornaments and, in a premeditated way, flee from classical academic compositions. This contemporary architecture is in line with the trends that have dominated modern art (cubism, expressionism, neoplasticism, and futurism). One of the landmarks of Contemporary Architecture has been the use by companies of the construction of new materials in construction: steel, reinforced concrete. At the same time, the use of these materials has been associated with the use of new technologies. These two elements (materials and technologies) have changed, in an unusual way, both the act of projecting and that of building both buildings and spaces.
Besides the Bauhaus movement making such a big impact in today’s design world, the Bauhaus typography developed simple, clean, and modern design. The historical origins of the Bauhaus can be traced back into the 19th century (Droste, 2002, p. 10). Around this
(Nothing depends upon this division.) Each group stresses a certain set of factors for explaining modernity and its origins: first, the evolution of modernity and its ills can be traced to the flawed beginnings of philosophy and rationalism; second, a change in the nature of philosophy from the ancients and modems explains modernity; third, a break with the Judaic-Christian traditions as well as with classical philosophy provides an explanation; fourth and lastly, there is a group who explains modernity primarily by political developments. In the first group, Nietzsche and Heidegger, Rorty and Derrida, as well as other post-modernists have traced modernity to a rationalism that is the essential core of Western thought from its inception. A litany of modem ills is attached to the original misconception of
“Architecture is not created in a vacuum. It is usually a response to the context in which it becomes constructed reality.” –Bert Bielfeld (p.13) Based on Nova Scotia Association of Architects (2014), Architecture is the art, science, and business of building; and in line with this are we, the Architects, who are described by the word versatile. We create and build designs for a certain structure such as a residential home, office, skyscrapers, schools, malls, parks, churches, etc. Everything starts with a commission-or contract- from a client who demands something an architect must give. Steven Hall (2013) described Architecture in 4 words: Abstract, Use, Space, and Idea.