Rawd Kosa 15.5 Title Introduction This proposal focuses on studying the themes of “THE HOLLOW MEN” poem. This poem belongs to the post modern literature from the modern period (1900- 1950s). The characteristics of modernity are: pessimism, frustration, isolation, total sense of loss; modern writers had no sense of purpose, the anxiety of uncertainty, meaninglessness, no values and miscommunication. The Hollow Men (1925) is a poem written by T.S. Eliot.
It is a moderately predictable illustration of how the rising modern metropolis had come to be primarily abstracted as the overpowering site of coercion and human deprivation by the contemporary English- Canadian poets. A similar denunciation of the malevolence of urban existence had also been depicted by Eustache Prudhomme, almost more than a quarter of century ago, in a poem named, "A Night in the City" (1866), where the poet
Stanza 26 was seventeen syllables. There is not a consistent poetic foot. Scansion was very difficult when it came to this particular writing piece. The style of how the poem was written tells a lot about the diction of the poet. This unique rhythm and meter of poem makes this poet different from others.
He uses many literary elements that include, rhyming, rhyme scheme, and end rhyme. His poems are also not light hearted and funny but are about more serious matters. In his poem “Toast to Dayton” every other line rhymes. For example in “Toast to Dayton” passion rhymes with fashion which is two lines below it, and know rhymes with flow, and flow is two lines below know. In “The Debt” each line rhymes with the next line making every two lines a couplet.
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a romance, composed in the mid-to late 14th century. It is one of the prominent Medieval English romance in the Arthurian tradition. Larry Benson describes the peom as “both a tragic romance with the sad moral that perfection is beyond our grasp and an unromantic comedy with the happy point that if a man aims high enough he can come as near perfection as this world allows.” There is only one copy of the earlier original manuscript, which dates from 1400. It has been kept since then in the British Library. Because of the poem Pearl - which can be found in the same manuscript – the anonymous author is alternatively called “The Pearl Poet” or also “The Gawain Poet.” There are no historical records regarding the author, except for the assumption that he had written another two poems in the manuscript, which are as follow - Cleanness and Patience.
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Emily Bronte 's novel 'Wuthering Heights ' did not depict just the Victorian life and society, but also it reflects the fundamental and crucial parts of human life, “this is the conflict between civilized and uncivilized life, between the rich and the poor between order and chaos, between storm and calm, between light and darkness, between wild vitality and modern sterility.’’(Nasir Uddin, 2014). Lord George Gordon Byron in his first poem “Childe Harold 's Pilgrimage” initiated the concept of Byronic Hero whose status is that of a social outcast with strong disgust for social norms and strong inclination to vengeance. Generally, it is some bitter experience of life that causes a Byronic hero to exile himself from the society, (Nasir Uddin, March 2014). Heathcliff in Wuthering Heights is a Byronic hero, as one critic states that the issues of race and social class in Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights are main focuses for how Heathcliff is perceived and how they influence his actions (Malin, 2013). The significance lies in how both issues are fundamental in dealing with the character of Heathcliff .He is not treated basically on account of his social class nor his race, yet a mixture of both.
Robert Frost “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. (Poetry Soup)”, wrote one of the most famous American Poets, Robert Frost in his poem The Road Not Taken. Through this poem, he pulled readers into his imagination of differences there would be in life, if only he chose another road. In a sense, Frost stands at the crossroads of 19th-century American poetry and modernism, for in his verse may be found the culmination of many 19th-century tendencies and traditions as well as parallels to the works of his 20th-century contemporaries. (Poetry Foundations) Although he was a poet of traditional verse forms and metrics and remained steadfastly aloof from the poetic movements and fashions of his time, Frost was anything but merely a regional poet.
When reading most poems, there is usually a meter but in this poem, “Siren Song”, there is no set meter present. Along with not having a meter, none of the lines in the poem rhyme with each other. Not having these two styles of poetry present, the readers see this poem as more of a story rather than a typical poem. This is essential to the meaning of the poem as a whole because it makes it feel as though the siren speaking is luring the readers into her trap more easily than if it were styled like a regular poem. Although these aspects are needed for a poem to be a poem, Atwood places poetry styles such as repetition to replace the poetry styles, rhymes and meter, that she has not included in her poem.
The speaker states, “I wish I had feathers, a fine sweeping gown, / And a delicate face, and could strut’ about Town!” While the victorian society creates the mindset of the people to believe that if you are ruined you are going to have a horrible life, but Hardy insists that those who are ruined do not suffer as much as those who are pure. Thomas Hardy may have put a twist on the poem, to make you believe the one who is “ruined” is Melia, where in reality it is those who still have their virginity. Throughout “The Ruined Maid,” Thomas Hardy displayed anapestic meter, rhythm, closed-form poetry, and imagery explaining the views of the victorian society among those who have become ruined. Satire was also demonstrated by irony with how the “ruined” maid was actually the happier
Modern poetry is in open form and free verse. It is pessimistic in tone, portraying loss in faith and psychological struggle which is quite different from the fixed forms and meters of traditional poetry. Secondly, modern poetry is fragmented in nature, containing juxtaposition, inter-textuality and allusion. It has no proper beginning, middle or end. Thirdly, modern poetry is predominantly intellectual in its appeal, rather than emotive.
If there is any setting in the world seems removed from modernity, it is ‘Main Street’, USA, a fantasy location describing small “off the beaten path” towns across the world. Small towns don’t get any credit for globalization, only major cities where significant change took place for the modernization of the world. But Ryan Poll’s, Main Street and Empire, is unique in arguing that the small town reputation is actually a complex ideological form, pivotal to the development of U.S. imperialism and intercontinental capitalism. The purpose of this book is to show that small town America is a source of national identity and has been a signifier of national values because, even as the United States’ power grew, the country refused to recognize itself
For instance “ Tender is the night” reflects the disillusionment caused by the Great Depression. Likewise, “The beautiful and damned”, “The Rich Boy” and “The Great Gatsby” talked about the Jazz Age or Roaring 20s. He also started to create short stories that were about young, rich, post-war generation. Without forgetting his childhood and Hollywood experiences inspire him to write “Winter Dreams” and “The last Tycoon”, that actually are the favorites of the people. Fitzgerald favorite subject of writing was the rise and fall of American idealism in the first half of the twentieth
Shade Lost: The Dissolving Narrators of Nabokov’s Pale Fire Charles S. Ross, Professor of English at the University of Hartford and a literary critic seemed to betray a kind of distaste for Vladimir Nabokov’s Pale Fire in two book reviews about the novel. In one review of Brian Boyd’s analysis, Ross comments, “...the whole structure of the book is annoying, in fact, because it insists that a reader go through a series of missteps in order to reach the grand solution…” (375). I agree with Ross. The book is terribly difficult to decipher. But my own difficulty with the novel is largely due to an aversion of the primary narrator of the text, Charles Kinbote, whom I found intrusive.