On 28 June 1919, the countries involved in World War I gathered at Versailles Palace, to sigh the treaty which was a symbol of the end of World War I. This treaty is known as Treaty of Versailles. The treaty changed the world pattern, caused conflicts and controversies among victorious countries, and displeased the Germans, contributing to the occur of a more destructive world war - World War Ⅱ. The original goal of signing the treaty is to keep the peace, but every country pursued its own national interests, so, unfortunately, it failed quickly. The treaty is like a blasting fuse, causing a much bigger disaster for people all over the world.
Dystopian fictions always propose some kind of warning which is often implied of what will happen if the present trends are continued. As the dystopian fiction gained its prominence in the 20th century, some factors are the reason for the popularity of these dystopian fictions. The brutality, aggression, violent behaviour and totalitarian government lead by Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union. As these two totalitarian governments shook the whole world, they also made their influence in writings and genres. Another aspect which raised the growth of dystopian fiction is the side effects of the industrialization and providing the consciousness of environmental damage.
The start of Nazism however has also been blamed on social Darwinism (Weikart, 1993). Even though it began in Britain, social Darwinism had its greatest impact on continental Europe, especially in Germany. It began to get accepted in Germany in the 1890s after liberalism had passed its prime (Weikart, 1993). The social Darwinism in Germany was present long before Hitler so this goes to show you that the hatred and racism was already there even before Hitler came to power and manipulated the
A comparison of W. B. Yeats’ The Second Coming and Wilfred Owen’s Dulce Et Decorum Est on the theme of warfare and its consequences. Literary works during the 20th century; especially the first half was significantly focused on the desolation and chaos brought upon by events such as the World War I & II. The significant events and magnitude of these wars not only affected people physically but also altered their mentality and ethics (Pizarro, Silver & Prause, n.d). Yeats’ The Second Coming was written in the aftermath of World War I to shed light on the physical and mental deterioration of both the people and landscape after the war which indirectly signifies the fall of human society. On the other hand, Wilfred Owen’s Dulce Et Decorum Est highlights the uncertainty of the lives of those soldiers who are on the frontline, fighting for their nation’s glory.
This stems from the duality between “the cult of beauty and the self […] [and] the expression of profound pessimism, a tendency to focus on the imagery of doom, decay, and a society in decline”15 which prevailed in the last decades of the nineteenth century. The label “Decadence” has been, sometimes falsely, attributed to many works produced in the last decade of the nineteenth century. It is indeed a term that had been coined by the public of the time to label the works which shocked them, or as Dowling puts it, works with “sensational or lurid overtones.”16 It is such a problematic term because it implies that all the works perceived by the public as sensational can be gathered in one group thus reducing Decadence to mere perversity and indecency. The generalization on the part of the public, and consequently on the part of critics, undermines the diversity of art that was produced during the fin-de-siècle era. However, Symons’s article on Decadence is not to be entirely disregarded in favour of his book on Symbolism: in his article, he does mention that Decadence is made of two art movements, which are Symbolism and Impressionism.
Causes of German Fascism? Fascism is refers to a part of [ ]people for benefits, as a group and use various kinds of social contradictions and people 's desire to expand the group that reached a control state, law and military purpose. The social chaos in World War II lead to fascism rise in power.Fascist believe that the country is sacred, they can sacrifice even their lives to defend the glory of the country (such as the samurai hara-kiri) , but this doctrine often incomplete and undemocratic. In the modern history of the world, fascism in Germany had run wild for a brief period, once made human dragged into the abyss of war again. So why is Germany on the fascist road,here are many causes?
Hegel’s idealism is famous for its dialectic method. The dialectic method is based on the assumption of the identity of thought and things. It is the thought itself, which passes from the abstract to the concrete, from the empty to the fuller ideas. Ultimately things are nothing but a system of thoughts. According to absolute idealism of Hegel there is only one reality.
“An entire nation, it seemed, was standing in one long breadline, desperate for even the barest essentials. It was a crisis of monumental proportions. It was known as the Great Depression” -Kathi Appelt. As seen in this quote here, the Great Depression was a time of economic disaster and failure throughout the United States. The Great Depression lasted for many years and brought countless people down in the mess of it all.
How did the conditions in Germany and the methods used by the Nazis assist Hitler in his rise to power? Germany had endured a brutal war that led to extensive long-term consequences. World War One generated a period of serious financial and political instability which plunged the German population into homelessness, unemployment and near-starvation. The people were distressed. They needed a leader who paid attention to their views and opinions -somebody who could stop this calamity and change Germany into a powerful nation once again.
In 1929, the American stock market crashed over a period of a few days. The excessive trading of stocks made the stock market lose value. Because businesses put money into stocks, the stock market crash devastated them. Due to the USA’s trade importance to the rest of the world, the suffering and, eventually, closure of these businesses affected the world’s economy in a negative way. The Great Depression worsened the effects of the Treaty which has already destroyed Germany - just the scene for a natural speaker