Modernism Vs Modernism

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Modernism “Modern” or “modernism” can imply at least three similar meanings. On the most general level, it can mean an innovation, novelty, that is something, which is in contrast to the old, and thus it expresses a certain belief in progress. The other, more particular meaning refers to the modern period understood, from the philosophical perspective, as connected with Enlightenment thinking, rationality and the period since the 18th century that started to emphasize reason as the means of “objective” exploration of reality that is closely connected with empiricism in philosophy (John Locke, Rene Descartes, David Hume), Nesbit describes those philosophers as the “early utopian writers” as they obligated revelations about political and social idealism. Besides, modernism was also a reaction to traditional realistic depiction of reality and put an emphasis on a subjective experience. In difference from realism and mimetic representation techniques that tried to “imitate” reality, modernist literary works put the emphasis on subjective experience rather on a belief in a possibility of a literary work to express the objective meaning and truth. This was stimulated by a new period of industrialism, new large-scale production, especially in Great Britain and the USA, technological inventions (telephone, cars, film, aircrafts, electric bulb) as well as by the socio-historical events and atmosphere of the period. This period, especially of late 19th and early 20th century, was also

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