Modernization Theory And Modernization Theory

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Modernization theory explains the process of modernization within societies. It refers to a model of a progressive transition from a ‘pre-modern’ or ‘traditional’ to a ‘modern’ society. The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that with assistance, “traditional” countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have been. The movement both attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progress and development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. Modernization theory is subject to criticism originating among socialist and free-market ideologies, world-systems theorists, globalization theorists and dependency theorists among others.…show more content…
It also looks at internal dynamics while referring to social and cultural structures and the adaptation of new technologies. Modernization theory maintains that traditional societies will develop as they adopt more modern practices. Proponents of modernization theory claim that modern states are wealthier and more powerful and that their citizens are freer to enjoy a higher standard of living. Developments such as information and communication technology (ICT) and the need to update traditional methods in transportation and production, it is argued, make modernization necessary or at least preferable to the status quo. That view makes critique of modernization difficult since it implies that such developments control the limits of human interaction, not vice versa. It also implies that human agency controls the speed and severity of…show more content…
The book used an index of SES based on occupation, education and social location in the society. The correlation coefficient between SES and Modernity was calculated at .72 for young people and .55 for older people. It also found modernity to be related to one’s level of exposure to information and communication technology. With the samples divided into two locality groups, namely the elite city dwellers (suburban and middle class neighborhoods), and those living in poverty and squalor (ghetto and semi-rural areas), the zero-order correlation of mass media with modernity was .33. The multiple correlation of SES plus media exposure as a predictor of modernism is no higher than the zero-order relation with SES alone. The partial coefficients are as follows: SES and Modernity, media controlled .45. Media and Modernity, SES controlled .26. Thus SES is much more powerful than media for the prediction of modernity in values. Consider This: 1. The Internet places information from many sources at our fingertips, enabling access to ideas from all over the world. How can you embrace what that technology can bring while reserving time for thought, focus, and reflection? 2. The Internet also makes information and connections available at any time and any place. Can you gain the benefits of this for yourself and your community without having to be “on” 24/7? How do you separate needed access to information

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