Understanding the structure and functions will assist the nurse in recognizing and interpreting assessment findings related to the patient’s history and physical examination. Good knowledge on the accessory organs and its assessment will guide the nurse in providing care for all patients and intervening effectively for those that have problems with such organs. The earlier the detection ‘of any deviation from normal, the earlier the recovery. It also provides opportunity to the nurse to health educate the
Orem affirms the theory of nursing systems defines exactly how the patient 's self-care essentials will be resolved or met by the patient or nurse (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Orem classifies three classifications of nursing systems to encounter the self-care conditions of the patient. They are categorized as wholly compensatory system, partly compensatory system, and supportive-educative system (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Nursing systems are a “sequence and structures of measured applied engagements of nurses to protect any disease processes, detect any abnormalities and to bring that patient back to equilibrium (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). A good example of this theory would be the nursing process.
The nurse duty is to review the received medication from the pharmacist then administer the medication to the patient. Any errors that occurs in this management can lead to medication error. The ethic code for all these professionals are to provide safety patient care and protect patients from harm. Therefore, this project target prescriber (Physician, Nurse Practitioner, Physician Assistant), pharmacist, and nurses in medication error related to sound-alike and look-alike
In human body respiratory system takes place at the same time but it’s practical to think as it includes number of steps. To make sure that our respiratory system is healthy and working correctly or to find out simply what’s wrong(diagnosing lung diseases) we can do several tests as pulmonary function tests which measure the efficiency of our lungs in transferring oxygen into the blood and how well they inspire and expire the air. There are several types of tests you can take to measure the function of your lungs: 1)Spirometry 2)Body Plethysmography 3)Lung diffusion capacity test 4)Bronchial provocation test 5) Exercise test Lung function tests are safe and can take 15 to 30
Ultrasound technicians may work and consult with everyone from janitors and other medical staff to medical assistants, nurses, physicians and radiologists. A medical assistant, or the ultrasound tech them self will call the patient back, escort them to a changing room and instruct them on how to be ready, or how to wear a gown for the procedure. The medical assistant will guarantee all pre-exam procedures have been followed correctly. After ensuring the patient is ready for the exam, the medical assistant would then report to the sonographer that patient is ready. Nurses also work closely with ultrasound technicians and patients.
The flow of oxygenated blood to the tissues helps deliver nutrients such as amino acids and electrolytes, water and oxygen. Also, it’s responsible for removing metabolic waste from the cells and disposing of carbon dioxide. The cardiovascular system’s anatomy varies throughout the body and is connected by the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The main organ of the cardiovascular system is the heart. It 's located in the upper torso, chest area, as are some of the body 's major blood vessels.
Perfusion : Perfusion is the process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in itsbiological tissue. The word is derived from the French verb "perfuser" meaning to "pour over or through". Tests verifying that adequate perfusion exists are a part of a patient's assessment process that are performed by medical or emergency personnel. The most common methods include evaluating a body's skin color, temperature, condition and capillary refill. Perfusionists employ artificial blood pumps to propel open-heart surgery patients' blood through their body tissue, replacing the function of the heart while the cardiac surgeon operates.
The physician observes how the patient behaves during the physical exam. The patients’ vital signs, respiratory rate, temperature, and blood pressure, are obtained. Patients are weighed to determine if there are signs of abnormal weight loss. The physician checks the patients’ eyes, ears, head, thyroid gland (front of neck), abdomen, hands, feet, arms, and legs. To check patients’ motor and sensory systems, reflexes, cranial nerves, gait, and coordination, a neurological exam (nervous system) is conducted.
The NICE guidelines explain a multifaceted approach for the clinical identification of gastroenteritis, the nurse would complete several clinical assessments, as part of a multidisciplinary team, simultaneously, whilst ensuring the rights of the child are up held in line with the NMC Code of Conduct (2015) which centres around dignity, privacy and confidentiality. Due to the onset of diarrhoea and vomiting assessment of hydration is paramount, “Assessment of hydration has three main elements: clinical assessment, review of fluid balance charts and review of blood chemistry.” (Scales and Pilsworth, 2008). Clinical assessment refers to a physical examination, this may include assessing the tongue and mouth for moisture, however “The first part of the physical assessment is to ask patients if they feel thirsty, as thirst is the first clinical indicator of dehydration.” (Epstein, Perkins, Cookson, de Bono, 2004). A fluid balance chart allows for documentation of the overall input and output of fluids, the importance of which is stressed in the NMC Code of Conduct (2015) “Keep clear and accurate records relevant to your practice.” The fluid balance chart takes into consideration all routes, for example an input may be via intravenous fluids or orally, an output may
CONCEPT 6-VITAL SIGNS This concept is taken from module 2 Introduction The body’s basic functions are monitored with the use of vital signs. It measures how effective the circulatory, neural, endocrine, and respiratory systems are functioning. The vital signs include taking of temperature, counting respiratory rate, checking blood pressure, counting pulse rate, assessing degree or level of pain and assessing the level of oxygen saturation in a client. Significance Vital Signs are taken to get clues to possible diseases in a client and to assess the general health of a person. It also shows the progress a person is making towards recovery.
The CRNA will make sure that all patient documentation regarding the anesthesia is updated and accurate. Emergency Management – The CRNA will react to an emergency with the standard procedures as outlined by the practice in which they work. They are responsible for the patient’s airway, emergency drug and fluid management, and any life support measures they are called on to do. Administrative Duties – The CRNA will be responsible for other aspects of their practice such as patient record management, procedure coding and billing, inventory and restocking, and patient
The expected outcomes are standards against which nurse judges if goals have been met. Evaluation of client response to nursing care requires the use of evaluative measure simply as the reassessment of patient symptoms. Vital signs and auscultation of breath sounds. Observation of client skill performance and discussion of how they feel. Lab results such as chest x-ray to confirm whether pneumonia diagnosis is still present.
Understanding respiratory volumes, capacities, and measurements will help me perform my job as a medical assistant because they are significant being a medical assistant. First of all, when the patient is on the bed, I will measure the respiratory rate while he/she is at relaxation. In the next, I will observe the rise and fall of the victim 's chest and count the number of respirations for one full minute. Then, I will record the current time, respiratory rate and respiratory characteristics. Spirometry is used diagnose conditions that affect breathing such as asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, and cystic fibrosis.
The project manager was responsible for collecting and organizing data, utilizing current evidence-based practice methods, motivating team members involved in the project, keeping the entire project on track, educating patients on deep breathing, and improvising the project if necessary. Each team member was involved in the direct teaching to their patients, documentation of data, assist with team meetings as necessary, motivate other registered nurses in the unit to perform deep breathing exercises with their patients, and provide needed recommendations. Each team member also contributed thoughts regarding the best way to perform deep breathing exercises and added to the official handout. The anesthesiologist was responsible for being a resource