As said by Christopher Bond, “Remember, we all know the end of the story of World War II and the Cold War. But day by day, living in fear of the Nazis and then in fear of the Soviets, the outcome was by no means certain.” Today everyone knows that the Nazis were defeated in 1945 and the Iron Curtain, along with the Soviets, eventually fell around 1991. But in 1939 after Germany invaded Poland, or when the alliance between the Soviet Union and the United States was beginning to fall apart the peace and safety of the United States was not always guaranteed. Both Roosevelt’s “Four Freedoms’ speech and Kennedy’s inaugural address talk about how the peace and freedom of the United States is being threatened. However in Roosevelt’s speech he wanted the people to agree to end the policy of neutrality and help our allies.
Marshall Aid contributed to the deteriorating relations between the two super powers after 1945. The USSR questioned American motives to provide aid to European countries and declared it as expansionist. In Truman’s address to the joint session of Congress 1947 he stated that he “believe(d) that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting” he then follows on to say “The peoples of a number of countries of the world have recently had totalitarian regimes forced upon them… the coercion and intimidation, in violation of the Yalta agreement in Poland, Rumania and Bulgaria” . Mentioning the new soviet satellite states was directly attacking the Soviet Union and Stalin. In this speech Truman is trying to sell the Truman Doctrine to Congress emphasising the need to adopt a policy of containment, in order to address a significant issue at the time – the fear of communism.
I think appeasement was the wrong policy because: Hitler was taking over the other colonies and kept demanding for things. It was like he was ruling them and they were forced to give in to his demands because they were afraid he would attack them. In the source, the man in the middle is the allies and the reason behind their smile is: they keep giving in to your demands, they are getting what they want without knowing the outcome and the true reason behind Hitler’s plan. His demands only got more and more. The Dr. Seuss image, which is a cartoon about appeasement, published on the 13th of August 1941 shows dragons with the Nazi symbol (Germany) towering over a boy (the allies).
It was set up not only to deter an attack on Europe by the Soviet Union, but also to alley West European fears of revival of German militarism (Martin Griffiths,Terry O'Callaghan&Steven C. Roach, 2007). Moreover, from the political perspectives, US does so simply and mainly to balance its power with China who apparently seems cunning and bullying over many world’s issues. Another example that indicate this term is Cold War. Between 1947 and 1991, the international system was dominated by bipolarity; Russia and United States had the status of superpower and, as Mearsheimer suggests, due to the balance of power determined by the bipolar system, “the post-war era, the period of the Cold War, has been much more peaceful” (Voinea,
An investigation trying to answer: How significant was Gustaf V’s role in the Midsummer Crisis of 1941 in Sweden? Did the Swedish government make the decision on their own to accept Germany’s requests concerning Operation Barbarossa or where they afraid of an abdiction threat from their own king if they denied? A. Plan of Investigation This investigation assess the significance of Oscar Gustaf Adolf’s (Gustaf V) in the Midsummer crisis of 1941. In order evaluate Gustaf’s significance, the investigation will look upon his role in each stage of the crisis and his relevance to the actions taken in reference to other participants of this crisis.
Truman in 1947. President Truman said that the United States would go to whatever lengths possible to contain the spread of communism and stop the United States' former ally, the Soviet Union. The doctrine drafted up due to the crises in Greece and Turkey, both, nations were believed were in danger of falling into the Soviet control. The United States and the USSR were alliance during the Second World War, was only to defeat a same enemy the Germans and the Japanese. When the war ended, Stalin became in control of Eastern Europe.
Looking back at the early 1930’s, there are many people today who would criticize the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain with his policy of appeasement towards the Natzi leader, Adolf Hitler. Appeasement is defined as “the policy of acceding to the demands of a potentially hostile nation in the hope of maintaining peace.” However, historians now know that peace was never an option for the German leader. His invasion of the Rhineland and Austria was only the beginning; Hitler had his eyes set on Poland, Russia and eventually the world. Chamberlain has been heavily criticized for simply handing over the Sudetenland because this action showed that Hitler had the upper hand. It helped the Natzis become much more powerful, encouraged aggression,
Firstly the Korean War was a Cold War conflict was the manifestation of the Cold war through a proxy. This moved the rivalry of the superpowers , fighting from Europe to Asia, and became a direct conflict. Syngman Rhee (South Korea) under USA’s support, was a strategist who claimed to “produce a victorious end to the wars in Korea … would swing the balance of power so strongly against the Soviet Union that it would not dare risk war with the United States”. Kim Il Sung (North Korea) was emboldened by both China and USSR and said “the liberation of the Korean people in the south is next in line”. It would seem that North Korea had plans to unify Korea and USSR supported the unification.
The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated. When Germany gained power again and resisted the obligations of Versailles, other European powers became alert and saw the need for new alliances. They all feared another war. Nationalist fascist leaders gained power in Germany, Italy, and Spain. These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany.
After World War 1 had ended, the world leaders spoke seriously to prevent upcoming future wars but since Hitler had come to power, Hitler violated the treaty of Versailles and began to make his army. Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland and militarized it with the army. He created a lot of many new tactics and military strategies that stunned the European nations before World War II. One of the military tactics he used was Blitzkrieg which was also known as the "Lightning war" but before that Hitler had to test it on a nation. Hitler stunned Europe with the speed and efficiency of the German attack on Poland.
The “Big four” (Germany, Britain, France, and Italy) Met at Munich with Germany to work out an agreement so that those nations are not brought into the war. Instead of defending themselves and standing up to Germany and Italy, they used the strategy of Appeasement. Although this decision was made by Chamberlin to use appeasement (Document 5), Winston Churchill didn’t agree with Chamberlin. Winston believed *“that keeping peace depends on holding back the aggressor.” (Document 6) Following this quote Churchill gave a Parliamentary speech: *“[…] I asked that Britain, together with France and other powers guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia. […] In time Czechoslovakia will be swallowed by the Nazi regime […].” (Document 6) Winston knew that even if the nations tried to appease Hitler, The Nazi regime would still take control.
After the Great Depression, Americans were looking for a solution to never have such a devastation again. Some Americans decided to support Soviet led communism. In 1938, The House of Un-American Activity Committee was created in response to this new threat, communism. Its purpose was to investigate allegations of perceived traitors with communist links. The Central Intelligence Agency as well as the Federal Bureau of Investigation saw communism as counterintuitive to American ideals.
The long fall of communism was a necessity to the nature of history and peace. The point of the USSR was to compete with the United State until it would eventually destroy. Little did they know that the USSR and the rest of the Soviet Union and communist would fall instead because of lacking stability and leader. It was known that the first 2 nuclear powers were making bets that the other wouldn’t attack the other, but they would retaliate if they did. This then called for scientific and industrial advancements, investments, etc.
We will never know what would off been, with the untimely death of Roosevelt and the reactions of an unexperienced Truman. Truman’s government feared soviet expansion which saw the ‘identification of Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh as tools of Moscow’ . This lead to Truman’s policies of keeping strong friendship with other western powers at a time of communist expansion, especially with the French who he helped supply. This decision to turn a blind eye to the future of Indochina would set apart the revolutions ideology and focus just on the communist aspect; which would set course for the future and end with the devastation of not only a country but the losses of 50,000 American lives all at the expense of reducing the expansion of
If one would argue that the origins of the Cold War should be traced to World War II and the breakdown of the wartime alliance between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. This all started by one act of betrayal. For example in Document C where Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Novikov states that “ The foreign policy of the United States ,which reflects the imperialist tendencies of American monopolistic capital, is characterized in the postwar period by striving for world supremacy.” The belief that freedom and democracy would die under the communist rule caused the United States to start a problem or feud that would last for a long time. The decisions made by the United States in W.W.II caused tensions to start between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. Communism spread though the nation.