Mongol Empire Expansion

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During the formation and expansion of the Mongol Empire (c. 1200-1400CE), there were three main defining factors that allowed for the empire to flourish. The empire existed as a unified, ever expanding entity that ruled between 1206-1260 (Brian 2013, p. 1022). The first and most essential to their formation and expansion was their military strength, ability and ruthlessness; which enabled them to conquer lands and people rapidly. The second was the empire’s religious tolerance of the people that they conquered became quite reputable during the initial formation and expansion of the empire. The third was their use of the trade routes in Asia, which under the Mongol empire came together as a political, social and economic tool that was able to facilitate safe trade and travel (Biran 2013, p. 1024). While the Mongol empire was able to conquer many cities throughout all of China, these…show more content…
The Mongolian nomads had made their influence felt throughout much of Eurasia as early as classical times (Bentley & Ziegler 2009, p. 461). ‘Pax Mongolica’ is the historical term used to describe the political, cultural, economic and social ease that, under the Mongol rule, was able to bring throughout Eurasia. Under the reign of Chinngis Khan (also known as Genghis Khan) in 1206-1227CE the empire was founded and thrived significantly until his death; where after two other rulers his grandson, Khubilai Khan (also known as Kublai Khan) 1264-1294 took the reign and conquered all of China. These two rulers revolutionised the Mongol Empire throughout both their reigns, and helped the formation and expansion of the empire.

One of the most important factors in the formation and expansion of the Mongol empire was its strong military

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