The first of these wars was the Crusades, a series of nine religious battles beginning in 1096 that lasted for almost two hundred years. In these wars, Europeans fell into battle with the Ottoman Empire, one of the four large Islamic empires of the time. However, in addition to the large-scale battles of the Crusades, which ended in 1291, a number of separate battles also occurred such as The Ottoman Empire siege of Vienna in 1529. This Islamic victory represented the political and military expansion of Islam in contrast to Christianity. This contrast continued throughout the time period as Islam asserted its power over Europe, which was largely dominated by
Introduction The meteoric rise of the Ottomans began in 1300s as they expanded throughout the Muslim World. By 1520, the Ottomans had reached their peak under the rule of Sultan Suleyman. Their rise saw them become the most powerful and influential entity in Europe and the Middle East. In fact, Sultan Suleyman was considered to be a leader of the golden age if the Islamic and Ottoman history is anything to go by. Everyone including non-Muslims recognized the glory of Suleyman and it is evident by the fact that they nicknamed him “the Magnificent”.
Introduction: The Abbasid Caliphate, who ruled the Islamic world after the Ummayads, portrayed the golden era of the Islamic civilization. The Abbasid’s ruled the Islamic civilization from 750 to 1258 AD, causing it to be one of the greatest, most powerful, and most leading Islamic dynasties that ever existed. The Abbasid’s early history shows how it was one of the biggest empires ever established as it spread all the way from Far East to far west. This allowed the Abbasids to capture some of the important values and traditions of those cultures that they dominated. The rise of the Abbasid The Abbasid Dynasty started as result of the revolution they conducted against the Umayyad’s dynasty because of the hatred the Umayyad’s had towards many
The Mughal Empire was one of the great dynastic powers of the medieval Islamic world and its nature has always been of captivating interest to historians of India and Europe alike. Ruling as large a territory as the Indian subcontinent with such a diversity of people and cultures was an extremely difficult task for any ruler to accomplish in the Middle Ages. Quite in contrast to their predecessors, the Mughals created an empire and accomplished what had hitherto seemed possible for only short periods of time. From the latter half of the sixteenth century they expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the seventeenth century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. They imposed structures of administration and ideas of governance that outlasted their rule, leaving a political legacy that succeeding rulers of the subcontinent could not ignore.
Driven by industrialization and urbanization, the United States in the late 19th century was developing in an astonishing speed, and soon became the “promised land” in the eyes of millions of immigrants from different nationalities (Oskar 1). This wave of new immigrants started from 1880 and ended in 1914, the start of the WWI, and mainly consisted of people from southern and eastern Europe, including Italians, Hungarians, Russians and Greeks (Aboukhadijeh 2). To what extent did these immigrants assimilate into American culture is always a controversial topic. In my opinion, between two prevailing models, melting pot and salad bowl, the latter is a more accurate description of the immigrant cultural situation * in this era. Melting pot and salad bowl are two popular metaphors on the assimilation of immigrants.
Student’s Name Professor’s Name Subject Date Ottoman Empire After an expansionist policy in Europe that started in the 1300s and lasted for over one century, the Ottoman Empire finally conquered the Byzantine kingdom in 1453 (Eva 491). The Ottoman colony composed of mainly Islamic invaders who originated from modern day Turkey. When the Christian capital Constantinople fell to the foreign military, Sultan Mehmed II established a new reign. Geographically, the city lay in between the Black Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. This position, consequently, placed it at the center of thriving trade routes that connected Asia and Europe.
How would the world react when one of the greatest empires in history fell? At the height of the Roman Empire, the empire was bigger than modern day India geographically, and its influence was felt throughout the world. By 180 CE, the empire surrounded the Mediterranean Sea and controlled most of Europe, as well as parts of North Africa and almost all of Persia. However, as numerous empires before them, the Romans collapsed and left the world in a problematic state. The greatest evidence of the lasting impacts of the fall of the Roman empire is the worldwide religious transformations and economic regression that it caused.
Citizens were given war sense and were made aware of different war alarms including that of ‘warning’ and ‘all clear’. The First World War resulted into many economical and structural changes especially in Europe. Gerd Hardach in “The First World War 194-1918” calls this Great War, the ‘event of Europe’. Gred argues that prior to the war; Great Britan was engaged in trade with Europe and other continents. He has mentioned the highest volume of Britain trade as compared to other countries.
This was a city-state that flourished for over four centuries, at one time larger than contemporary Paris or London, called by European visitors, the “Venice of the Far East.” It held more than a million people, had 1,700 temples and 30,000 monks, and tremendous wealth. In 1763, the Burmese attacked Siam, easily taking Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai and the rest of the northern cities. After years of brutal battle, Ayutthaya fell to the Burmese on April 7, 1767. The entire population was murdered, or carried into slavery. The royal family and 100,000 captives were taken back to Burma and sold as slaves.
The European expansion into the Americas is easily one of the most important events of the last 1000 years. The enormous amounts of wealth generated from the New World helped shape European politics for centuries after the discovery by Columbus. Should we celebrate this this influx of wealth and land to the colonial powers? Of course not. The colonisation of America was an incredibly violent and destructive process, resulting in the death and hardship of millions.