In China Mahayana Buddhism was greatly excepted by people who didn’t have a lot of stuff or people who wanted to reach nirvana but was greatly hated by others no only because it went against everything Confucianism believed in but also since it wasn 't a native religion. However, some people didn’t care if the two religions co-existed or blended together. Mahayana Buddhism in China was profoundly accepted by the lower class people who didn’t have much and liked the idea of giving up materialistic things to reach nirvana. In document 2 Zhi Dun supports Buddhism and talks about how Buddhism was the way to reach
While Chinese initially accepted Buddhism and defended its policies, over the centuries others increasingly scrutinized Buddhism’s absence from past texts and used it as a scapegoat for political and social problems. When there was no empire to enforce laws, Buddhism gained popularity, but after imperial authority reemerged, Buddhism faced mounting opposition. An additional document that shows the actual numbers of converts to Buddhism during this time, preferably in a graph, would be useful in determining whether or not the worries of the authors in documents against Buddhism were grounded. For a few centuries after arriving in China, Chinese defended and supported Buddhism. Zhi Dun praised Buddhism as providing a path to nirvana, though as an upper class scholar who probably did not personally feel threatened by invading nomads, his testimony does not necessarily reflect the danger lower classes likely felt.
In fact, the Chinese were more interested in overpowering the Xiongnu by forming alliances with other nations (Whitfield 19). Their initial motivation was to make an alliance with the Yuezhi people, who had once been mistreated by the Xiongnu. The biggest issue was that the routes were controlled by the nomadic Xiongnu, and thus created limited communication between China and the rest of the world (Norell
Successfully building an empire large enough to rival the British Empire at its peak is an extremely difficult task. Steamrolling everybody you come in contact with, including themselves, takes a lot of military know how. The only people to successfully beat a Mongol army on the battlefield was another Mongol army. Thanks to their tolerance of others the Mongols had the opportunity to use their conquered people, like the Chinese, to administrate their empire. Life under the Mongols was good for religious minorities so they had little reason to revolt.
After imperial structure was restored, the Chinese began to disapprove of Buddhism (docs 4, 6). Chinese government authorities increasingly saw Buddhism as a threat to their political power and moved to discredit it. Imperial Tang advisor Han Yu saw Buddhism as evil, anti-Confucian, and illegal (doc 4). Han Yu’s position and livelihood greatly depends on Confucianism remaining dominant, especially due to the civil service system, which provided him with his government job. Due to this, he is not a very reliable source on how the average citizen and even the Chinese emperor felt about Confucianism remaining dominate (doc 4, POV).
China had fallen into disarray and became a trading target for other countries. Instead of competing they all had their own zones to trade, use ports, and take territories. This was much easier than taking over all of China because they got all of the benefits without trying to conquer the many people and massive country. But America didn’t have a zone and were jealous. John Hay wrote letters to all the influencing countries to sat that the US was going to trade in China.
Consequently, the powerful countries are the main beneficiaries of the land lease. Nevertheless, the poor countries like Sri Lanka can benefit from Chinese investment. Developing countries lack capital for investment, and China becomes a huge source of capital for them, especially when other western countries are reluctant to invest due to various reasons. That is why the present government of Mr. RW that criticized the former government for taking Chinese loans when in the opposition does the same thing after assuming office. Also, it helps transfer of technology from China to Sri Lanka.
As the foreigners, the Chinese first avoided the interaction with the Americans, while suffering various ways of discrimination. The Chinese that worked in gold fields brought their own method for mining of gold to the United States, which improved their efficiency a lot . This caught the local Americans’ attention. Some landowners and merchants preferred Chinese coolie, which means ‘kidnapped, enslaved, or indentured servants’, and they started to employ more Chinese than the Americans. The immediate loss of job and financial support pissed the American citizens off.
and the news agencies in China are only “ allowed to release only state-approved news”(How Strict Are China’s Censorship Laws?). There have been cases where journalists have had their license taken away because they published something which had not been approved by the government (How Strict Are China’s Censorship Laws?). By trying to control the people too much, the Chinese government will eventually lose all power in the country. We live in the technological era and it is only going to become harder for the Chinese government to control what information the citizens have access
However, Chinese side is not that willing to move into such platform. U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue is a good platform to discuss such problems bilaterally and improving into higher levels of diplomacy could lead to global and regional stability at unexpectedly good levels. Also human rights is still a huge concern between United States and China since Americans accusing China by underestimating human rights and various violations on political and social fields. These political problems are occurring due to different regimes between two sides and American misunderstanding of Chinese structure and lack of transparency between Chinese government institutions. For the transparency issues, White Papers of the People’s Liberation Army are very important.