Mongolian Shamanism

1641 Words7 Pages
Chofia Basumatary
Course Coordinator: Dr. Amit Singh
MA English- Native American Literature
28 November 2015
Tradition of Shamanism in the Mongoloid Tribes
The expression "Mongol" began from a tribe called "Mengwushiwei" in the Chinese book Jiu Tang Shu (The Ancient History of the Tang Dynasty), written in the tenth century. "Mengwushiwei" was changed to "Mongol" surprisingly amid the expanse of Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368). It gradually turned into the indigenous name of numerous tribes. The Mongols initially lived along the east bank of the Erguna River in the centre of Mongolia. Around the seventh century, they began to relocate towards the meadow in the west. In the twelfth century, they lived in the upper ranges of Onon River, Kerulen River,
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He is also often described as a Shaman, and is also a teacher and an actor. Troubled by a life threatening disease he believes that he was saved due to his shamanic powers. Throughout his life he has written a lot of poems, songs of the Shaman and short stories that are filled with the Native essence and are being translated in many languages. More than a poet or an author Galsan is proud of his shamanic lineage and thus, emphasizes on the wonders of the beautiful and powerful words which the Shaman utters in a moment of ethereal…show more content…
The Mongolian world perspective looks from north to south. Therefore, south is known as the "front" course. Correspondingly, north is called by the same word as "behind" in Mongolian. The right or western side of the world is viewed as being male generally, and the home of the big-hearted sky spirits (tenger). The eastern, left, half of the world is viewed as female, and the sky spirits of that course are accepted to bring ailment and disturbance.
Galsan’s 1999 publication of Shamanic songs titled Oracle Stones as Red as the Sun: Songs of the Shaman , later translated in 2004, contain about nine lyrical compositions which are astounding, profound and very easily comprehensible. In his composition titled To The Sky, the poet very beautifully transforms the anthropocentric world into that which lives in a cosmic stability. In this lyric, Galsan invokes the Earth, Air and Water in a very friendly manner and that for doing so he has transformed himself into them as could be seen in the lines:
I have transformed myself
Because I had

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