Monomyth And The Hero's Journey

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2.2 Related Theory Monomyth or also known as the Hero’s journey is a concept that was popularized by Joseph Campbell in his book entitled The Hero with a Thousand Faces that was first published in 1949. The term Monomyth was first introduced by James Joyce in his book entitled Finnegan 's Wake that was published in 1939 (Hoffman 4). It means that Campbell borrowed and developed the term "Monomyth” into his book. Campbell also used the idea of Carl Jung 's theory on the structure of human psyche. He often used the terms that were popularized by Carl Jung, such as 'Anima/animus and ‘Ego consciousness '. In his book, Campbell states that all heroes in myth, folklore, legend, and even religion experience a series of events that guide them in the same pattern of hero 's adventure. The same pattern is called as archetype. The archetype of hero is a literary character that is all-round good. He or she will save other people, do the right thing, protect that is good and they will fight any monster that comes to his or her way. They are one of the basic paradigms in tales and mythology from across the world, but especially in European culture. For example, the hero archetype starts from Achilles until Beowulf via superheros such as Superman and other 1980s action heroes. While, in the The Hero With a Thousand Faces Campbell discovered that the…show more content…
Campbell states that monomyth can be classified into seventeen stages which are divided into three primary categories: Departure, Initiation and Return. Departure is the section where the hero separates from his ordinary world. In initiation, the hero experiences adventures in the unknown world. Return is the final section where the hero 's adventures come to the end and the hero returns home with knowledge and power that he obtained from the adventures. Campbell found that myth, folklore, legend and religion from around the world are basically have these sections. These following is the detailed explanation of stages in
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