A never ending story. A story full of twist and turns. A story that is in all other stories. This of course describes the monomyth. In “The Hero with a thousand Faces” Joseph Campbell describes to us how each story derives from one central story, the monomyth.
• The hero’s journey: Harry’s narrative follows an age-old pattern found in numerous myths and stories. American mythologist Joseph Campbell analyses this storyline of the journey of an archetypical hero in his book “The Hero with a Thousand Faces” (Campbell, 1949), a work that has inspired many writers and artists. Classic examples of Campbell’s archetypical hero include ancient Greek myths such as that of the hero Odysseus, the story of Moses and Star Wars’ protagonist Luke Skywalker (cf. Colbert, 2008, 208).
The hero’s journey is a set of ideas created by American writer Joseph Campbell that has presented itself in many myths, films, and in literature. The hero’s journey describes the adventure of a hero or archetype. The hero accomplishes an abundance of great deeds and is later rewarded. Campbell’s theory is ten steps with three major categories, The Departure, The Initiation, and The Return. Even more recently works have been created loosely based on Campbell's Journey.
The tales of heroes has been told countless of times ever since the beginning of storytelling. films, books, etc. Over time, people began noticing patterns and themes in these stories of heroism. Heroes, like Luke Skywalker, Superman, and Goku, apparently all shared something similar. One of the most notable theories came from Joseph Campbell 's Monomyth, The Adventure of the Hero or The Hero’s Journey, in the late 1940s.
Everyone has heard a good hero story, because they are everywhere, in the media, in history, and in even with each other. Tales of action and adventures have been around since humans have known how to tell stories, but every story has a similar journey that they embark on. The tale of the hero has many variations, but they each follow the same basic pattern that Joseph Campbell describes in his book A Hero with a Thousand Faces. Some stories only follow the basic outline of a hero, and others can be traced along the route exactly. An example that follows the outline exactly is The NeverEnding Story (1984) which is a movie based on a German book by Michael Ende.
One of Krakauer’s strongest tools in supporting his argument comes from the use of epigraphs. Krakauer begins every chapter with an epigraph; some are brief and concise, while others are an entire page. Nevertheless, each epigraph has a specific location for a specific reason. Quoting various fragments, including “...a person whose principal need was to find some kind of meaning in life, not [entirely or even chiefly] dependent upon relationships.” (61) sounds eerily similar to McCandless’ logic.
What does a hero go though thought-out the journey? In Joseph Campbell’s book, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, he explains that all heroes go through the same steps in their stories. The main steps a hero goes through are separation, initiation, and return. All heroes are different because of where they are from or from different times. But they go through the same steps, even when it’s not said the readers assume it happened.
Everybody likes rooting for a hero. And throughout the evolution of storytelling, from stories written in stone to those in tablets, heroes have always played a huge role in the stories we tell. As literature evolved, and more legends and tales began to appear in different cultures, the idea of a traditional epic hero was established. Stories like "The Epic of Gilgamesh," and "The Odyssey," set the mold for this type of heroes, an influence that can clearly be seen when analyzing literature. In fact, most of these characters, regardless of the time and place they were created in, shared similar characteristics to the two kings.
No matter who a person is, everyone has both good and bad qualities. The book “The Epic of Gilgamesh” by Benjamin Foster contains characters who portray these moral and corrupt qualities in which affect their fate in future journeys throughout their lifetime. To be specific, Gilgamesh and Enkidu are the main characters who seemed to hold heroic qualities, and weaknesses. To begin with, Gilgamesh was known to be a hero in the story because he was loyal and he persevered through a lot of hardships including the battle with Humbaba. The story reads “In the enclosure of Uruk he strode back and forth / Lording it like a wild bull, his head thrust high.”
The use of heroes in stories has been around since ancient times. Heroes were first used as superhumans with abilities like none other. For thousands of years, the same general outline of plot has been used for these stories, sometimes making the unseen stories almost too predictable. The story of Theseus in Edith Hamilton’s Mythology, is an example of a hero’s story. It’s main premise is the idea that a hero is able to help rescue a society that is oppressed because of its unnecessarily harsh lifestyles.
A hero can be identified in any form of literature. A hero for each person differs in every way, shape, and form. Even though they all are physically and mentally different, they all go through the same process: separation - initiation - return. In Joseph Campbell’s piece, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, he explains why all heros are actually the same behind all the differences we see.
Transformation of a Hero Joseph Campbell was a renowned mythologist, writer and lecturer, he introduced society to the idea of archetypes. Reflecting the work of Carl Jung, he showed his audiences how ideas that are held in the unconscious part of everyone’s mind are not only ancient but also shared by everyone. These idea are so powerful that they keep playing out in societies, and in history. One such archetype, the monomyth tracks what he calls the Hero’s Journey as Campbell explains, it is a metaphor for “the deep inner journey of transformation that heroes in every time and place seem to share”. This idea was again revised in “Excerpt from Myth and Movie, Stuart Voytilla” written by Christopher Volger.
In the article, “The Hero with a Thousand Faces”, Christopher Vogler talks about a very influential book or also used as a guideline for many hero based movies. Just about every movie or book that includes a hero as one of the main characters can be lead through the guideline and will follow the same major events in the story of the hero being lead through the phases. The article is divided into many small sections that explain multiple facts or parts of the book. Further on in the article, there are lots of information about evidence of how the definition of a hero is the same around the world. For example, in section eight, Campbell discovers the myth of a hero is universal and occurs in every culture.
Many know about the idea of the "monomyth," or the hero's journey as an outline for many of our modern books, movies, t.v. series, etc. Joseph Campbell's definition for the hero's journey is, "the quintessential (or best example) of an archetypal myth. " The Disney film Hercules is one of the best examples of Joseph Campbell's monomyth. For instance step one of the hero's journey outline is the Ordinary world. Hercules was born the son to Zeus and Hero.
Character development may also be attributed to the Monomyth by Campbell. The Monomyth is a template where it attributes a hero getting called to an adventure, overcomes a crisis and is victorious, and then returns home with a renewed mind. During this journey, the hero meets up with characters that either help or hinder the journey, the mentor and the antagonist. These representative characters are usually distinct from one another. In The Walking Dead, the character Kenny seems to embody both the mentor and antagonist.