The first giant is Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel. He proposed that play is a necessary element in educating the “whole” child allowing him to use all his imaginative powers and physical movements to explore his interests. Froebel stated, “Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood, for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child’s soul.” He was convinced that the primary focus for teaching young children should be through play. The second giant is Lev Vygotsky. Vygotsky believed in the sociocultural theory that children learn actively and through hands-on experiences, and that parents and caregivers and peers have a role in a child’s development.
Hence, a child who is effectively engaged in a prepared environment and who exercises freedom of choice can literally teach themselves. So, the role of Montessori teachers is to prepare their classrooms so that children are able to educate themselves. ( Morrison, Bacon, & Hall, 2014) Montessori thought that “it is necessary for the teacher to guide the child without letting him feel her presence too much, so that she may be always ready to supply the desired help, but may never be the obstacle between the child and his experience" (Montessori, 1967). The Montessori teacher explains key attitudes to implement this child-centered approach: • Make children the core of learning because, as Montessori said, “The teacher’s task is not to talk, but to prepare and arrange a series of motives for cultural activity in a special environment made for the child” (Dr. Montessori's Own
Early Childhood Education : Role of Technology Abstract Early childhood education (ECE) is a type of educational program which relates to the teaching of young children in their preschool years. It consists of many activities and experiences designed to assist in the cognitive and social development of preschoolers before they start elementary school. In most early childhood programs and schools, technology will be part of the learning background of the future. To make sure this new technology is used effectively, we must assure that teachers are fully trained and supported. In this paper, theoretical perspectives of child development are discussed with the basic elements of learning program.
In order to increase children’s higher order thinking skills, teacher play an important role to provide them support and assist. That is, how can materials or capable peers be presented and make children interested enough to make them in learning, mastering knowledge, skills, understanding or the art work that academic work is intended to promote. Based on Vygotskian approach, there are four components to describe scaffolding from teacher’s and child’s contributions, that is (a) establishing and sharing the understanding, (b) structuring of tasks (c) transfer of the responsibility from teacher to children and (d) maintenance of direction. By doing observation in early childhood classroom, the second purpose of this research was to understand what is teacher perception and awareness in preparation scaffolding. Research question Higher order thinking becoming a part of the Malaysia Education Blueprint, which mean that school is implementing this into the school system by using a new trend to spark the young Malaysians learn and acquire new knowledge.
Henceforth, through observation, the teacher should determine which activities to present to each child. It is his/her duty to guide the child to activities within the environment to help the child develop concentration and self-control. Consequently, the child needs to work in a way that favours him/her and respects the work of others. He/she must not disrupt anyone working and concentrating (Montessori, 2007b). In like manner, the teacher must learn when to intervene and develop self-control.
As a teacher, I will be responsible for the development of each of my students for that year. Not only will I need to ensure that they are meeting academic standards, I will also need to help them develop socially and emotionally. In order to do this effectively, there are several key factors that I must consider. First, I will have to consider how to teach them in a way that allows all of the students to learn effectively. I will also have to consider how to assess their knowledge, manage their behavior, create a positive environment, and implement technology in order to enhance their learning.
meaningful content, powerful teaching strategies and an organizational structure to support productive learning. Bosch(2006) defined classroom management as the process of how teacher work, how classes operate, how teachers and students work together, and how instruction and learning takes place. Savage and Savage(2009) definers classroom management as two level of management a) The prevention of problems b) Responses when problems do occur. The more emphasis is on prevention rather than reactive, management techniques Emmer and Stough(2001) Kean University(2009) research concludes that Classroom management involves everything that teachers should do for achieving teaching objectives. This involves a) Preparation of plans and materials b) Structuring of activities to be completed in different time periods c) Plan teaching of skills and mater d) Grouping of pupils to make effective use of time for achieving goals under the guidance of teachers.
As some of us know Montessori education is an integrative method of education that takes into consideration each student needs, it is adaptable to different situations that students have been passed through, in order to facilitate a proper acquirement of knowledge. In addition to that, Montessori method focused its practices on “doing”, I mean that Montessori method supports the premise of learn by discoveries, through experiences. Finally, the two most important characteristic of Montessori method to me is: firstly, the roles that are inside the classroom, on one side teachers as facilitators of knowledge; on the other side, children as active participants in their own process of learning, the learn from each other. Secondly, that the methodologies used to each class and the prepared environment contribute to the building of an independent
I hope to someday be a teacher that when a child grows up they still remember fondly. I want to teach so that I can create an inclusive classroom environment that is perfect for learning. My goal is to get students excited to learn. I will accommodate to all of my students according to their individual needs. I aspire to be a teacher who respects their students and gets respect back.
It is also their role to look for precise ways in adopting their children’s development (Sukys, Dumciene, & Lapeniene, 2015). Many researchers (e.g., Izza, Weissberg, Kasprown, & Frendrich, 1999; Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbursch, & Darling 1992) elucidated that it seems to be advantageous for children when there is parental involvement in their everyday school lives; in example, a mother encourages the perseverance and independence of a child in his/her schoolwork. Pomerantz, Moorman, and Litwack (2007) added that parental involvement in schooling emboldens the children’s development of cognitive as well as metacognitive skills, and develops their success for the reason that parents set the correct pattern for them. As a result, children acquires support in their academic accomplishment from their parents (Grolnick, Deci, & Ryan,