Montessori Method In Education

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“Times have changed, and science has made great progress, and so has our work; but our principles have only been confirmed, and along with them out conviction that mankind can hope for a solution to its problems, among which the most urgent are those of peace and unity, only by turning its attention and energies to the discovery of the child and to the development of the great potentialities of the human personality in the course of its formation.” (Maria Montessori, The Discovery of the Child p. ix Poona 1948) Dr. Montessori, who was the first woman physician in Italy, was a firm believer in the importance of education, especially early childhood education. Dr. Maria Montessori spent a great number of years developing the Montessori Method,…show more content…
Montessori who lived from 1870-1952, educational institutions are still adopting it’s methods of teaching and learning. In fact, the Montessori Method has become a worldwide highly individualized educational approach for children of all ages. (CGMS, 2017). The fundamental purpose of implementing the Montessori Method in an educational setting is to offer the child an opportunity to develop the skills and habits he will need for a lifetime of learning and happiness. With this goal in mind, a relationship has to be formed between the teacher and the student and equally important is the environment in which the learning will take place. (CGMS, 2017.) Different from the traditional early childhood classrooms, the Montessori classroom consists of multi-aged groups of children, a guided choice of learning activities (sometimes called a work plan), uninterrupted work periods, and a carefully planned and organized prepared…show more content…
The guide’s role is to prepare the environment so that the child can have excellent movement skills and become functionally independent in order to meet all of his needs with very little or no assistance for the guide. Another role of the guide is to observe the child’s behavior and offer lessons based on the individual child’s needs. Children will experience a one-on-one step-by-step lesson based on their interest and abilities with the chance to be able to complete the activity over and over again until success is achieved. (CGMS, 2017). All activities contains a control of error which allows the child to independent discover his level of mastery of the skill. All aspects of the lessons being taught is a learning process, even when a mess is made. Cleanup is a part of every activity and should not be thought of as a separate lesson. These experiences contributes to psychological independence in which a child is forming his personality; where he is able to assess himself, make choices, and experience consequences. Dr. Maria Montessori sums up the importance of the role of the guide whereas independence is concerned in the Absorbent Mind when she
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