Montessori's Theory Of The Exemplars Of Constructivist Theory

1340 Words6 Pages
Theoretical Framework

This study was anchored on the Constructivist Theory. Constructivism is defined by Cunanan-Cruz (2002) as an educational theory whereby learners construct their own knowledge by a natural ability to think, by learning from the environment, or by combination of both natural ability and environmental influences, where the result is an autonomous, intellectual learner. Constructivism influences instructional theory by encouraging discovery, hands-on, experiential, collaborative, project-based, and task-based learning. It has roots in cognitive psychology and biology and is an approach to education that lays emphasis on the ways knowledge is created while exploring the world. Exemplars of constructivist theory may be found in the works of John Dewey, Maria Montessori and David Kolb.
Dewey (1859–1952) believed education must engage with an expand experience; those methods used to educate must provide for exploration, thinking, and reflection; and that the interaction with the environment is necessary for learning. He advocated the learning process of experiential learning through real life experience to construct and conditionalize knowledge, which is consistent with the Constructivists (“Constructivism,”).
Montessori (1870–1952) emphasized the value of experiential learning to conditionalize knowledge:
“Scientific observation has established that education is not what the teacher gives; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the
Open Document