‘Positive characters … usually prove miserably ineffectual when contending with ruthless overwhelming powers’ claims Amin Malak, noting on such protagonists as Winston Smith and Offred in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale, and, when looking at the dystopian genre as a whole, he certainly seems to be correct. Dystopian fiction does seem to portray the worse side of human nature than the better, leaving the positive traits to the struggling protagonists. While utopian writers seemed to think that the essence of human nature was to do good, dystopian writers seem to think very differently and it is from this notion that these novels seem to be written. Nineteen Eighty-Four certainly seems to do this, with almost every member of the society representing one or more negative aspects of humanity. Throughout the novel, Winston constantly references the fact that ‘Today there were fear, hatred and pain’ and that in this society of Ingsoc ‘No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred’ and this is displayed in many, various ways.
The philosophy known as existentialism is known to embrace a lot of hopeless and prohibited elements into its belief structure, and many of the favorite existential writers - John Steinbeck, for example - often incorporate may of those recusant images into their stories. In his tremendously successful, award-winning novel, Of Mice & Men, worrisome themes like the meaninglessness of life, the loneliness of being a “thinking” individual, and the received futility of existence are all artfully employed by Steinbeck in order to illustrate the brittleness of the human condition. Throughout the novel, Steinbeck introduces an absolute parade of desperate, defective, and defeated characters to promote several of the dominant catastrophic concepts connected to existentialism. Similarly, the movie of the same name - released in 1992, and starring Gary Sinise and John Malkovich - employs all of those same characters, and many of the same dark themes, to encourage the philosophy of existentialism, yet three stand out most prominently: the absurdity of life, the dizziness of freedom known as
Magical realism has become a popular narrative mode because it offers to the writer wishing to write against totalitarian regimes a means to attack the definitions and assumptions which support such systems by attacking the stability of the definitions upon which these systems rely. It is typical for books and essays on magical realism to begin by stating that the concept and its history are too complex to be able to provide a definition. Vonnegut’s Billy Piligrim in Slaughterhouse-Five represent a curiously American pragmatic expression of magical realism, a fatalist sense that its presence is part of the weight and inevitability of destiny. Perhaps in this way Vonnegut’s work
I find Moliere’s play, Tartuffe, to be entertaining for the underlying message of historical hypocrisy which it sheds to light. After reading the comedy of Tartuffe, I can only agree that it is an intellectual whirlwind of classical genius which tantalizes even the modern mind by echoing to us the importance of scrutinizing the narratives and analyzing the flaws and follies alike which are evident even within our own era. Tartuffe stands out to me because of the power that resonated from the creation of this societal satire and the fact that unlike other works of the era which were forced to fall in line with a strict code of adherence generated by the aristocracy of the classical era, this piece served as a direct challenge to the narrative
Irony, a common theme within both life and literature, has a distinct effect on its audience to display circumstances that contrast from what is to be expected. A highly acclaimed piece of British literature, "The Pardoner’s Tale,” exercises the vast impacts satirical elements have when implemented. Geoffrey Chaucer, author of “The Pardoner’s Tale,” integrates ironic material as his characters, the three rioters and the Pardoner, experience gluttony and greed. Thus, Chaucer made use of irony in order to make the traits of his characters prominent within his tale.
Even though this type of wit is of high intelligence, it is frequently used in a variety of literature, tv shows and movies. A lot of sarcastic literature falls into the satirical genre, which uses humor to expose and criticize vices… or stupidity. (3) One example is in Julius Caesar which is written by William Shakespeare. the character Mark Antony uses sarcasm at a funereal speech. He repeatedly calls Caesar’s murderers honorable men, despite his actual feelings toward them.
This paper intends to show that William Faulkner in "A Rose for Emily" freely incorporates elements of dark romanticism, naturalism, and realism into his “own air of reality,” that effectively piques the interest and curiosity of the reader throughout the story. By maximizing this privilege of execution, it manages to meet the standards of Henry James in “The Art of Fiction,” in return of being able to reveal the most deep-seated temperaments of man in the broadest sense of reality. “A Rose for Emily” highly exhibits elements of dark romanticism, with its use of repetitive images and symbols throughout (e.g. the expression of decay and disuse to parallel the setting with the psyche of Emily). Along with it, Emily Grierson also evidently spends her life in detachment from others, thus, she is often misinterpreted by the townspeople, who only regarded her as the woman who lead such tragic and pitiful life, whereas she is actually quite drawn to death in her own conscious will, given that she had associated on how death itself could capture the essence of her departed father.
The Taming of the Shrew by William Shakespeare is a marvel of english literature. It’s comedic, well written, and entertaining however, it has sexist and offensive components and does not represent the morals of modern day society. Despite this The Taming of the Shrew deserves and is worthy of being performed and studied. This essay will be covering the benefits of being exposed to sexism as a past human mistake, the fact Taming of the Shrew is still a fantastic comedy even without the sexism, and as well as the benefits of exposure to Shakespeare. The Taming of the Shrew is sexist there is no question about this it perfectly demonstrates the sexism in the 15th century.
First of all, Shakespeare uses verbal irony so Mark Antony can persuade his audience. The use of verbal irony lets us know that Mark Antony is trying to insult Brutus while seeming to praise him. Each time Antony says “Brutus is an honourable man” we begin to wonder if he really is an honourable man. He is being a little sarcastic each time he addresses Brutus. Before Antony spoke he was given a list of rules from Brutus that he had to follow.
“I’m being ironic. Don’t interrupt a man in the midst of being ironic, it’s not polite…” - Ray Bradbury, The Martian Chronicles. Irony is a crucial part of humor, suspense, and writing in general.Ray Bradbury valued irony in his writing, he used irony consistently in his stories and even wrote about irony. Bradbury uses irony in all of his stories in The Illustrated Man. However, the three stories that most clearly show this irony are “The Long Rain”, “Marionettes Inc.” and “Zero Hour”.
I completely agree with Lily that this was one of the funniest anecdote that we had read thus far. I think it shows another side of Stephen King because he is a dark horror and sci-fi writer, but reading about his life you see that he is also quite a comedian. In “On Writing” he has been able to make fun of his life and not take himself seriously, and you can sometimes see that he is reflecting on the memories and realizing in the moment of writing what they even meant. The anecdote that really stuck with me is when he talked about having both a drug addiction and being an alcoholic. The way that he described his conscious and unconscious realization that he was an addict was very interesting to read and see how his mind was working at that
He sounds ridiculous; war sounds ridiculous. War exists merely as a series of “invented games” played by people of power to “break the monotony” of existence. Viewing the letters’ censorship in such a way creates a sense of humor through a contrast of the reader’s light-hearted expectations with the meaningless of war. Bolstering this parallel between war and the protagonist, Yossarian sustains an eccentric stance against “modifiers.” This is oddly reminiscent of WWII, or any war, in which a group of people who differ from the majority become the targets of mass discrimination. Relating a grammatical structure to an oppressed race stands cold, yet sadistically comedic.
In the tale Monty Python The Quest For The Holy Grail there are many themes found that are commonly known in medieval literature. Though in this tale you will find these themes to be a bit different from that of what you would expect. Here you will find common knightly behavior to be mocked and used to bring about comedy in the tale. You will find the role of women to also be mocked in that they are being used to please men among their sexual desires and not just of servant use. The characteristics of a noble quest will be found mocked along with the role of religion.