TLC was used to identify the actual unknown product as well as other products/reactants present in the filtered solution. The procedure was conducted by placing a TLC plate in a developing chamber that is filled with a small amount of solvent. The solvent cannot be too polar because it will cause spotted compounds on the TLC plate to rise up too fast, while a very non-polar solvent will not allow the spots to move. The polarity of the spots also determines how far it moves on the plate; non-polar spots are higher than polar ones. After spots on the TLC form, the Rf values are calculated and used to analyze the similarity of the compounds.
Discussion: 1. The Diels alder reaction has to be heated slowly to 60-70 degrees Celsius because if it is heated too quickly and the temperature gets too high the 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene will boil. A round bottom flask was attached to a water condenser to prevent any product from boiling and evaporating out during the heating process. For the hydrolysis part of the experiment the temperature needed to be 60-80 degrees Celsius to melt the cyclic anhydride but also prevent the reaction from boiling and losing product from evaporation. Lastly the final product crystals were not washed with hot water because it would have melted the crystal thus cold water was used.
Nick, Gatsby, Daisy, Tom, Jordan and Myrtle were all noted to have consumed alcoholic beverages throughout the story. What does this tell us? It tells us that Americans disregard the law that has been enacted with an iron first like waving a hand in dismissal. The intention of raising a nation’s moral standards has become counterproductive (Sutherland, 2010). “It is up to us white people, who are the dominant race, to watch out or these other races will have control of things.” There have been numerous, if not subtle hints of racism in The Great Gatsby.
During the gravity filtration, a small amount of charcoal accidently passed through the filter and therefore contaminating our filtered solution. Because of this mistake we needed to repeat the gravity filtration in order to extract the charcoal from the solution. As a result of repeating the filtration and adding an excess amount of water to the solution, when placing our solution in an ice bath, our mixture was unable to crystalize. Because we needed the crystals to form in order to perform the vacuum filtration, we needed to perform the entire crystallization and purification of the experiment once more. After doing so, we observed the crystals form and were able to proceed and perform the vacuum filtration.
When does the government have the right to legislate morality? Prohibition taught the American government the negative consequences of controlling what people do or how they act and showed what happens when the government tries to legislate morality. The 18th amendment, which was also known as the Prohibition, prohibited the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol (George, Robert P). The 18th amendment was passed on January 16, 1919, but did not go into effect until January 16, 1920 (Hoyt, Alai). This started the Prohibition Era in America (Hoyt, Alai).
"(Times, 7/14) During the early 1930's, America was first starting to see marijuana use becoming prominent along the Texas borders, mainly by the Mexican immigrants and African-Americans. The same old song and dance is always true when it comes to immigrants in the United States: Many entitled 'true Americans' do not like them. Crimes committed by any Mexican or African-American people were immediately attributed to marijuana. Eventually, the federal government intervened when an influential New Orleans doctor blamed 'pot heads' for a string of robberies. The marijuana prohibition campaign spread like wildfire with the use of false propaganda such as marijuana led to insanity and as much as 'one marijuana cigarette' could influence you so greatly you would want to kill your loved ones.
Illegal and unregulated marijuanna posing far more dangers to people than if marijuana was regulated by the government. To speed up production and increase revenue, Mexican cartels have been known for spraying numerous pesticides onto their cannabis plants. These toxic chemicals than linger on the leaves and end up being inhaled by thousandths of American consumers.
1. Introduction The English Corn Laws generated a famous political economy debate (Williamson, 1990). The measures were enacted between 1815 and 1846 in the United Kingdom, to dictate tariffs and restrictions on imported grain. Their aim was to keep prices of all types of grain high, in order to favour domestic producers. These measures enforced high import duties and compelled consumers to pay higher prices (Corn Laws, n.d).
Not without reason was it called the water of life, aqua vitae, and the good creature of good. Alcohol dominated every part of everyday life, “it was food, medicine, and, […] for enjoyable social intercourse.” (Cp. Behr, Edward, 2011) In some rural areas, it was even regarded as means of payment, with prices displayed in pints or gallons of whisky. Back then agriculture made up a huge percentage of American population and farmers found that they could get more money for their corn and grain from distillers rather than millers. “The going price for a muscular slave was twenty gallons of whiskey;” (Cp.
In Virginia, people mostly focused on growing of staples and exotic crops for cash. The crops that they grew in their colony were rice, indigo, and tobacco. But in Virginia, tobacco was the crop that they focused on, in fact, tobacco was the first most famous staple crop grown and became their economic foundation. As far as working in the fields, Virginia started off with indentured servants to perform the labor, but as they became expensive they shifted to purchasing slaves. Mortality rates were higher because of diseases that many of them came in contact with, men were expected to live to forty and women weren’t expected to live past their thirties.
Sugar was one of the most demanding goods, thus, the sugar production increased dramatically. Slaves played a huge part in this since they were the ones who help produce sugar. If it was not for the distilled drinks, then the slave trade would not have been so big and caused disputes about slavery. Journal #8. Page 119- “New England’s rum distillers led the opposition to the new rules by helping to organize a boycott of imports from Britain.” Response - In this passage, New England had distilling due to the rum’s popularity in the colonies since there were only a few choices of alcoholic beverages.
Right now in the United States of America, there is a monopoly that exists that involves epinephrine auto-injectors. EpiPen is the United States only supplier of these auto-injectors because other brands have suffered setbacks and failures, patent protection laws, and because there are currently no generic versions of EpiPen in the United States (Johnson). This monopoly was not a problem until Mylan bought Meda AB in 2007 (Paton). “Since Mylan bought the rights to EpiPen in 2007, it has raised the price on 15 separate occasions, bringing the current list price to $608 for a two-pack up from about $50 a pen in 2007” (Mole). This has been a price increase of more than 500%, and this shows that Mylan has been using the monopoly to its advantage.