Moral Behavior In Kalīla Wa Dimna

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The Portrayal of Moral Behavior in Kalīla wa Dimna In the Panchatantra, the earliest collection of stories from which Kalīla wa Dimna, was translated, the work was framed as having been collected for the benefit of three unruly princes. According to the story, the king, who fathered these princes, feared they would be unfit to rule without better instruction in the practice of wise and prudent leadership. Thus, these animal fables were collected as a means for exemplifying such governance for the three young princes. In an article published by Blaydes et al. it is posited that the Panchatantra belongs to a genre of writing referred to as “mirrors for princes” because these writings serve as a guide that reflects the manner in which rulers should ideally conduct themselves (Blaydes, Grimmer, & McQueen 2013). Thus, they can be thought of as learning tools or instruction manuals for leaders. Probably the most well-known work in this genre is Machiavelli’s The Prince. Machiavelli famously deemphasized the roles morality and virtue should play in the conduct of a ruler and even went as far as to claim that adhering to lofty virtues decreased the effectiveness of a ruler in power. While he conceded that simply the appearance of virtue might be a useful tool in maintaining one’s sovereignty over others, acting virtuously put one at a disadvantage because he would not be able to carry out the necessary actions for maintaining power. Kalīla wa Dimna, however, takes the alternate
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