George Sorel 's radical political philosophy can be characterized as deeply controversial not only because of its exact content, but also because of its historical role. On the one hand, his most famous book, Reflections on Violence, is a canonical text for the anarcho-syndicalist tradition. On the other hand, it was embraced by the fascist politics, for instance, by Mussolini. One of the most nuanced receptions of Reflections on Violence can be seen in 'Critique of Violence ', a remarkable essay by Walter Benjamin which he wrote in 1920. In this essay, Benjamin critically assesses the whole historical structure of the law by applying the explicitly Sorelian ideas of violence and the general proletarian strike.
Magical realism has become a popular narrative mode because it offers to the writer wishing to write against totalitarian regimes a means to attack the definitions and assumptions which support such systems by attacking the stability of the definitions upon which these systems rely. It is typical for books and essays on magical realism to begin by stating that the concept and its history are too complex to be able to provide a definition. Vonnegut’s Billy Piligrim in Slaughterhouse-Five represent a curiously American pragmatic expression of magical realism, a fatalist sense that its presence is part of the weight and inevitability of destiny. Perhaps in this way Vonnegut’s work
Sung-hune, Kang Eleanor Surridge English 11 HL 30 November 2015 Embodiment of language in dystopia Dystopian novels presents to the readers of an unpleasant society, in which is often convinced to be utopian and authors take in consideration of many factors to construct a dystopian novel. Most often, the authors of future dystopian novels exert themselves to using factors such as satire in which, draws the readers to think about their society in contrast to the novel. In presenting such satirical aspect, language becomes a key factor that emphasizes what the author may illustrate. In the future dystopian novel ‘1984’ by George Orwell and ‘Oryx and Crake’ by Margaret Atwood makes significant use of such language and their role, presenting the satirical aspects of a dystopian novel. The two dystopian novels ‘1984’ and ‘Oryx and Crake’ illustrates relevant factors of language employed in our society, purposed to manipulate the population as a satirical aspect.
Title: A critical study: How Edward Said explicated the predicament of Exile through the works of 20th century novelists. Introduction: Postcolonial theory is the body of theoretical work, which is a study of colonial discourse and is usually called ‘postcolonial criticism’. It has pointed out the historical effect of colonialism and criticizing their persistence in contemporary culture, politics, philosophy and literature. So the attempting to discuss the theory of the postcolonial throughout critique various forms of imperialism and open a space for such critique because the theorists have struggled to accept the resistant power of the individual postcolonial means. However, the greater significance of postcolonial theory has been considered of the epistemological implications of the theme “Exile”.
Catch-22 is an analogy of the ancient poem: The Gilgamesh Epic. Heller’s uses a transcendent framework to portray the individuation of a modern hero through his struggles with the mythic and archetypal forces of irrationalism as they are manifested in civilization (Woodson, 2001:3) In literature, writers occasionally refer to novels and poems of previous writers for inspiration. In the novel Catch 22 written by Joseph Heller, Heller uses the epic of Gilgamesh as a base for his novel. As proof, the similarities and differences in the plot, characters and themes will be discussed. Firstly, the archetypal plot of the two novels will be identified and discussed as well as the effect of using an archetypes in literature.
The Iliad: structure, Myth and Meaning (2006) by Bruce Louden scrutinizes new approaches to understanding the themes and story of the poem. It demonstrates how repeated narrative motifs argue for an expanded understanding of the structure of epic poetry. The book identifies the ‘subgenres’ of myth within the poem; reading these alongside related mythologies of the Near East and mounting a context in which the poem can be more precisely inferred. Louden concludes with a comprehensive comparison of the Homeric Athena and Anat, a West Semitic goddess worshipped by the Phoenicians and Egyptians. The Rage of Achilles (2009) by Terence Hawkins brilliantly re-imagines Troy’s titanic encounter.
Authors are not only taking up mythology and visualizing it the way they want to, but also interpreting it to tell beautiful stories and look at mythology from different perspectives. An explicit attempt to retell the purana in novel form is Anita Nair’s ‘Magical Indian Myths’ which will be analysed in the following. The novel allows insight into the complex construction of mythology; It focuses on the mystery of Indian mythology unwrapped for the universal. Answers some if not all mythological questions Anita Nair’s ‘Magical Indian Myths’ is a collection of ancient India’s myths and legends belonging to Indian culture which answers the questions about Indian mythology. India has the greatest living oral narrative tradition
The immunity from the political colonialism spread an invigoratingly salubrious breeze of far-out themes to oeuvre. Amitav Ghosh, a trailblazer of Indian English Literature, concentred on these historical nationalistic issues such as diaspora, migration, refugees, hegemonic colonialism; socio-economic and cross culturalism like east-western counter, caste and class etc. In The Shadow Lines, Ghosh incorporates diegetic elements; the discourse’s position in time and space, the geographical influence, as well as the narrator’s reminiscence while winnowing the characters based on their subjective attributes. This research paper undertakes to reflect the meandering narrative built on the labyrinth of the author’s crisscrossed memories of the people,
Hopefully, this paper would generate further readings into Forster 's novels, especially A Passage to India, that depict the problematic issues of identity formation, race relations and complexities of colonial discourse in hybrid contexts. Much has been written about Forster’s novel A Passage to India. However, the analysis of the text of the novel from a post-colonial perspective reveals the precision with which Forster depicted the socio-psychological dilemma of Anglo-Indians during the period of the British Raj. A close examination of Forster’s depiction of India will further our understanding of the psychological dilemma of Anglo-Indians who wish to call India home. In this article, I will highlight the process of ‘formatting’ (i.e.
The Great Indian Novel (1993) by Shashi Tharoor is an excellent example of myth from the Mahabharata. It is a satirical novel that compares the after independence political scenario with the Mahabharata. Figures from Indian history are transformed into characters from mythology. In this novel, the writer recasts the story of the nascent Indian democracy as a struggle between groups and individuals closely related to their personal and political histories. Gandhi attending the roundtable conference; Ved Vyas describing the divisions in Indian society, Rabindranath Tagore returning his knighthood are some of the incidents that are interwoven with the characters of the Mahabharata.