Moral Development Theories

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Introduction This assignment focuses on the four major developmental theories of learning and its application in real world teaching. Developmental theories help us to study students’ behavior and predict them as well. These theories help child through physical, mental and emotional development through various stages. The four major theories of developments are cognitive theory of Piaget, Psychoanalytic (psychosexual) theory of Sigmund Freud, Moral development theory of Lawrence Kohlberg and Psychosocial theory of Erikson. The main aim of this assignment is to discuss about the four major developmental theories and its implication in teaching. This assignment contains an introduction, main body; discussing the four major developmental theories,…show more content…
According to Kohlberg these development can be influenced by several factors. Based on Kohlberg’s research on young children he found out that children are faced with different moral issues, and their judgements on whether they are to act positively or negatively over each dilemma are heavily influenced by several factors. (Sincero, 2012) This theory consist of different stages of moral development. The Pre-moral stage is where the child follow rules and obedience to rules are the most important part of moral correctness. The theory of obeying rules is to avoid punishment. The conventional morality is where judgements are made in terms of what the society views it. It deals with interpersonal relationships where people live on the societal expectations and maintaining social order by following rules and respecting authority. In autonomous morality level the last two stages of social contract and individual rights and universal principles are focused. The development of an internalized independent form of moral reasoning. People agree on the importance of maintaining the society by rules of law. At this stage individuals elevate their own moral evaluation of a situation over social conventions and their behavior, (Wikipedia,…show more content…
Make classroom rules and make sure students follow the rules. When students show obedience to classroom rule they will try to maintain the rules. They will also try to make sure that others follow the rule. Make clear of the consequences that they might have to experience if they disobeys any rule. That way students follow the rule, in order to avoid the punishment. By this way students consider following rules as morally correct and accepted. Additionally students apply this in the other areas. For example when students follow classroom rules, they will start to respect the rules of society and follows
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