Moral Relativism In Philosophy: Philosophy, Reason, And Values

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Philosophy, indeed the study of fundamental problems such as ones related to existence, reason and values, has seen light since ancient ages to question what could be morally wrong and right. Its Greek meaning of “love of wisdom”, involve the thinking and the analysis of these problems regarding other standards and point of views, specific to philosophers. Moral relativism, expressed by Protagoras in his statement, expresses the capacity and the ability of humans to create individually its proper notions of truth and wrong, good and bad, evil and divine. It is believed that each human has his own conception of moral believes depending on the culture he or she grew in, religion, traditions, knowledge. So evaluating an act of being god or wrong does not only depend on the nature of the action, but also to the intentions and circumstances of the action, rather than its consequences Moral relativism is to say there is no moral absolute and that is not possible to prioritize moral values over others. Naturalist thinkers like Spinoza and Nietzsche, retain the plurality of human moral while trying to find criteria to assess its value. What is the moral value? Moral relativism has the unusual distinction in philosophy, to be assigned to other almost always as a criticism. It is most often associated with an empirical thesis where there is deep disagreement and said that truth and justification of moral judgments are not absolute but relative to a certain group of people and

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