Divine command theory is the idea that certain actions are morally good or morally bad because they are what God wills for us. God’s demands determine what is right or wrong. What he tells us to do is right, and what he tells us not to do is wrong. This theory states that the only thing that makes an
I commend Spinoza’s idea of worshipping beyond the biblical text, but my main criticism is purely subjective. I am not a heavily religious person. Therefore, when faced with a ethical dilemma, I choose to look for
He believes that not only does eternal law that provide guidance regarding what men should do or avoid if they wish to be happy or good, but it also issues commands and prohibitions of actions that are not legitimate (Strass & Cropsey 1987, p. 186). Revealed Law, according to Augustine, finds its origin in God's revelation through the Bible. He believes that, to resist such law "is to defy God's own ordinance, inasmuch as civil society is intended by God Himself as a remedy for evil and is used by Him as an instrument of mercy in the midst of a sinful world" (Strauss & Cropsey 1987, p. 200). Chapter 13 of Apostle Paul's letter to the Romans starts out with these words: "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established"(Romans 13:1, NIV). Augustine often refers to this particular passage in the Bible when talking about Revealed Law.
3) God is superior to us, therefore we should follow God 's command. The problem with this answer is the same as that in the previous question, namely that the fact that we should follow the commands of our superiors appears to be a norm that exists outside of God 's command. (Darwall 's Philosophical Ethics p. 45). All these answers can be taken to have the genralized form “God is/has X, therefore we should follow his command”, where X is a particular quality, however, all these answers also lead to the conclusion that “We should follow the command of anything that is/has X”, which implies a norm that exists independent of God
“It’s the view that the only kind of ‘obligation’ there could possibly be is the kind that is disciplined by promise of reward or threat of punishment,” Antony claims. She believes that a Christians’ motivation comes from fear of punishment. Unfortunately, She dismisses the fact that motivation to do good out of fear of judgment may have value. For example, history teaches us that individuals who committed heinous crimes (Hitler, Stalin, Mao Zedong) have rejected the idea that their actions may produce judgment. Furthermore, besides fear of punishment, Christians have a higher motivation.
For I do not allow men to make laws respecting religion and the worship of God now, any more than I did before; though I approve of civil government, which provides that the true religion which is contained in the law of God, be not violated, and polluted by public blasphemies, with impunity. But the perspicuity of order will assist the readers to attain a clearer understanding of what sentiments ought to be entertained respecting the whole system of civil administration, if we enter on a discussion of each branch of
Calvin’s augmented relations with the clergy are further aggrieved by their ability to allow the glory of God to be dishonoured by ‘blasphemies’. They don’t attempt to halt such sacrilegious remarks about God. They refuse to intervene because they ought not want those to questions the primacy of the church. The clergy preach for the significance of mass, pilgrimage and express the intention of purgatory but they cannot prove these aspects from the word of God. They argue that one’s faith cannot be secured without faith in these
The Bible describes God as holy, righteous, just, and sovereign tell us that these attributes about God meant that God is capable of preventing evil, and God desires to rid the universe of evil. So, why does God allow evil? If God has the power to prevent evil and desires to prevent evil, why does He still allow evil? God could change everyone’s personality so that they cannot
1. Why do you think Cross does not use the term “sacrament” in his chapter title? Cross believes the word sacrament is misunderstood. He “doesn’t use the term sacrament in this chapter title because he believes it indicates we must perform or participate in them to receive a blessing from God.” (p. 84). The process of such rituals implies that I can do some action to receive a special gift from God.
For example, Danforth frequently spoke of the importance of fairness and justice, however when he found out that Abigail’s testimony was false, he refused to stop those that had been found guilty through Abigail’s testimony from being hanged. This is shown on page 100 in Act 4 of The Crucible where Danforth says, “Mr. Hale, as God have not empowered me like Joshua to stop this sun from rising, so I cannot withhold from them the perfection of their punishment.” It is assumed that the court will uphold morality and justice, yet Danforth’s character shows the inversion of the normal moral order in the
Questioning if God is not omnipotent, the entire idea of God creating the world can be called into question. Another issue is that if it is said that God is no longer entirely good there is the possibility to say that God has evil or bad intentions, and we should denounce him. Lastly, if one says that evil does not exist, then there is no possible way to separate those people who are considered to be deviants of society. This would mean that those who commit crimes that are evil in nature like murder and rape would be considered to be normal and acceptable.
Chapter 5 Sacred power of violence in popular culture. “So, the violence is not simply a matter of retaliating against those who perpetuate evil (though such revenge can be sweet), it is a matter of serving a greater divine purpose. Ultimately that divine purpose makes the use of violence a moral (because commanded-implicitly of explicitly-by God) action.” (Bain-Selbo pg. 74)
1) “Without God, there would be no universally valid morality.” ( Pojman, pg. 356) “He is the creator of the moral law, and defines its very nature.” ( Pojman, Pg.356) “‘If God doesn’t exist, everything is permissible’ nothing is forbidden or require. Without God we have moral nihilism” (Pojman, Pg.356) “We are against torturing the innocent because it is cruel and unjust, just as God is against torturing the innocent because it is cruel and unjust.
One example of an ethical principle is divine command. Under the divine command theory, the action taken is right if God says it is right. Cathy was stated saying that he supports the biblical definition of marriage. Under divine command, Cathy’s decision is considered moral if he is following God’s law correctly. It would be considered immoral if he did not follow the command of God.