Moral Theory Of Act Utilitarianism

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Under the moral theory of act utilitarianism, I will argue that the elements that define it as a moral theory, do not always hold up as a strong theory in its totality when we critically analyse it. I will also point out a few hypothetical situations and possible consequences when implementation of act utilitarianism is followed through. The consequences will be proven to have the potential to undo the utility of happiness for our loved family members, in order to care for strangers we do not have a connection with, which in my opinion is highly immoral. According to lecture notes ( Weijers & Munn 2016) there are two main forms of utilitarianism, namely act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Rule utilitarians follow the belief that when we are faced with choices, we should stick to the ‘rules’ throughout the process such as, do not kill someone, or stealing is bad, however some act utilitarians believe that each step in daily choices may not necessarily follow the rules but this does not matter because as a consequentialist theory, the result is the most important reason for each action. This is act utilitarianism. For example, someone may need to die to increase the utility for the greater amount, such as many would believe killing Hitler would be fine under act utilitarianism and many would agree however not all examples are this easy. Before we look at this more closely, we must needs look at what utility is according to act utilitarianism According to

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