Moral Theory: The Philosophy Of Human Rights

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IGNATIO LANGTON Introduction The philosophy of human rights was coined by the philosophies of Emmanuel Kant, John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, John Stuart Mill. These authors advocated for human rights in their philosophies. They brought in the aspect of political freedom, inequality and liberty within a society and also they dealt with the reality of moral theories by putting them into practice. It is apparent that the philosophers had an understanding of what human rights are. Rousseau highlighted in his writings that in natural state humans have uncorrupted morals. He indicated that humans will live like animal-like. He indicated that during the pre-political state, there was no socially created inequality and there were no artificial…show more content…
It brings about the fact that human rights is a conception of what rights one has by virtue of being born human. The philosophers discussed about freedom of a human being. They introduced aspects of human rights that are still used today in modern day life. They brought about issues of liberty, equality and the fact that all human beings are under the law and no one is above the law. Moral theories help to bring about control of the people who will promote and abide by the law. If moral theories are successful then the individual freedom will be…show more content…
The approach states that a human right is not qualified by any legal instrument or any institution. The moral theories focus on the universality of human rights despite our various backgrounds such as race, culture, religion or geographical boundaries. They further elaborate that human beings owe each other respect that cannot only be defined by international human rights instruments but by the fact that one is human. Jerome Shestack; in his paper ‘Philosophical foundations of Human rights’, explain theology as a source of human rights. He said that Theology states that human rights stem from a higher law than the state, The Supreme being. He gives examples from two religious books, the Bible and the Quran which both emphasize on the high value and dignity of the person as well as the sacredness of a human being. Therefore religion supports the values underpinning human rights which are equality and justice for all. He mentions that religion presents the most attractive of the theoretical
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