Clinical equipoise looks at the balance through the scientific community, whereas therapeutic equipoise looks at the balance through the judgment of a single physician (Weiger et al., 2013, 93). In this paper, it will be proven that equipoise, specifically clinical equipoise, is valid through the comparisons of the different types of equipoise and the focus on trust relationships. However, it will be made evident that clinical equipoise fails to acknowledge the patient’s autonomy because of the high focus on the medical research aspect. For research to be valid, it must consider beneficence. Brody and Miller believe that researchers must respect autonomy for the research to be ethical.
Abstract: This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the two basic models of illness that are the biomedical model; dealing with the method of diagnosing a disease, and the biopsychosocial model; concerning any factor that affects human behavior and mental health such as human biology, psychology, and sociology. Introduction: Contemporary medical models indicate that all illnesses are secondary to disease. Medicine is a human discipline, and in medicine, biomedical and biopsychosocial are essentially two basic models of illness. Biopsychosocial agitate about how biology, psychology, and sociology affect human behavior and mental health and also include CBT. Whereas, in the biomedical model discusses the biological aspects of diseases and medicines.
A Kantian Critique of Physician-Assisted Death” by Hoa Trung Dinh, the article explores the views and thoughts of physician-assisted deaths and if they are morally ethical. Autonomy plays a major role in biomedical ethics and is described as “making own decisions for yourself, not others, without inappropriate influence” therefore the autonomy of physician-assisted deaths would come in to play when the patient is deciding
he Emptiness Charge in Kant’s Moral Philosophy Introduction: The Emptiness Charge in Kant’s Moral Philosophy Chapter One: Kant’s Formalism and its Emptiness Charge 1.1 Hegel’s Empty Formalism Objection 1.1.1 The Context of Categorical Imperative 1.1.2 The Limited Interpretation of Hegel’s Emptiness Charge 1.1.3 The Systematic Interpretation of Emptiness Charge 1.2. Mill’s Utilitarianism Charge 1.2.1 Mill’s Utilitarianism 1.2.2 Mill’s Consequentialism Chapter Two: The Formalistic Expressions in Kant’s Ethical Writings 2.1. Kant’s early view 2.2. The Critique of Pure Reason 2.3. The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals 2.4.
Nursing priorities, actions, and regrets for ethical situations in clinical practice. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 43 (40): 385-395. Vanlaere, L & Gastmans, C. (2011). A personalist approach to care ethics. Nursing Ethics, 18 (2): 161-173.
In Western cultures, the biomedical model is the medical paradigm used to diagnose and explain a person’s illness, corresponding to a malfunction of biological processes (McLennan, Manus & Spoonley, 2010). However, sociologists have criticised biomedicine;
“One domain of the self (actual; ideal; ought) and one standpoint on the self (own; significant other) constitute each type of self-state representation”. (Higgins, E. T. (1987). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94(3),
Researchers used nursing theories to help guide research on complicated phenomena(Connelly, 2014). After reviewing evidences collected on the topic "Antibiotic therapy and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)", the most common theories that have been cited are, exposure to antibiotic, especiallyin patients that have been previously diagnosed with bacterial infections(respiratory, urinary and osteoarticular infections) are significanly at risk for acquiring CDI and theory for prevention cited was implementation of an Antibiotic stewardship program. Inaddition,hand hygiene, contact precaution and environmental cleaning protocols where other interventions listed. Concept Definitions Exposure to antibiotic- is operationally defined as the last time within 30 days a hospitalized patients received antibiotic therapy before the current hospital
Assisted suicide is a tough decision that comes down to what you morally believe in. The author of the article “The right to die” believes that doctor assisted suicide should be legalized in more states than just the four that it is. He approaches the topic from an ethical standpoint, stating its rights and wrongs. This essay will include reasons as to why assisted suicide should be legalized, how the system of death should work and if it is morally right. Only in four states is assisted suicide mandated by state law: Oregon, Washington, Vermont and California.
Based on the source of publication, the target audience for this article are lawyers who are arguing against physician-assisted suicide. The purpose of this article is to examine the psychological effects of physician-assisted suicide/euthanasia on physicians that practice this principle. The article is geared towards people that are examining the emotional and psychological effects of physician-assisted suicide in participating physicians. This article specifically views the areas in which physician-assisted suicide is legal. The author is a board-certified radiation oncologist, cancer specialist in the state of