Evaluating Kessel’s Game Is there a such thing as an innocent killer? Can someone who destroys a planet and commits mass genocide be viewed as a hero? According to John kessel this is attempted in Ender’s Game a science fiction novel written by Orson scott card in 1985. In 2004 Kessel wrote an article titled “Creating the innocent killer Ender's game intention or morality”. In his analysis he comes to the conclusion that Card presents the protagonist, Ender, as a character who is abused, manipulated, sincere, and innocent. Kessel says that this is all used to by Card to make the reader sympathize for Ender. This allows him to be portrayed as a killer who commits mass genocide, yet is innocent because he has good motives. Kessel goes on to …show more content…
This is another statement that I see often inn the book and agree have with. On this subject kessel writes “The extreme situation Card has constructed to isolate and abuse Ender guarantees our sympathy. After Ender is manipulated into entering Battle School, (he’s brought there by lies severing him from Valentine, his only protector) his abuse continues, deliberately fostered by Graff. On the shuttle up to the orbiting school Graff singles Ender out for praise for the sole purpose that the other recruits will resent him. Before they even reach the school, Ender is forced to break the arm of Bernard, one of his tormentors. At every turn Ender faces hostility, scorn, and even physical assault. The result is an escalating series of challenges and violent responses by Ender.” . Sympathy is defined by Oxford Dictionary as feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune. Card displaying the great deal of misfortune that Ender faces throughout the book almost guarantees the reader will feel some sense of sorrow for him. So the reader is so full of sorrow for Ender that they want him to be innocent. The reader never gets to experience what the buggers had been through or even know their future intentions of the humans. The reader gets so trapped in sympathy of Ender that they never once question the morality of his mass genocide. The reader feels as if it isn’t his fault when indeed it is. If one were to just take as step back and think about the Buggers they would realize they really know nothing about them. One may also realize that diplomacy was never discussed but instead violence was the immediate
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The Manipulation of Ender The book, Ender’s Game, is a book full of interesting events. A six year old boy named Ender Wiggin goes to Battle School, where he is continually tested and trained to become an elite commander. He succeeds at Battle School and eventually goes to Command School, where he leads his army to victory over the bugger troops. Because of this, the world is safe from being destroyed by the buggers. Even though Ender and his fleet are successful in defeating the buggers, Ender’s intelligence and skill is taken advantage of throughout the book.
This lessens the scope of how much the International Fleet has been lying to Ender, leading to the reveal being less dramatic. The movie also completely erases the Locke and Demosthenes subplot, removes the epilogue of Ender moving to a colony with Valentine, and then replaces it with Ender finding the queen bugger’s egg on the same planet as the Command School and leaving to find a safe home for it. This also gets rid of the parallel between Ender and Peter at the end of the book, where it’s pointed out that in spite of Peter being portrayed as exceedingly cruel, he prevents the war on Earth which saves millions of lives. Ender kills billions of buggers in the Third Invasion, almost wiping out their race completely, despite being described as gentle and not wanting to hurt anyone. The movie’s tendency to cut anything not deemed an important event also makes it seem that Ender is unaffected by most of the events that occur.
The whole time Ender had not been aware he had killed them, and the leaders were manipulating him for his own sake. They explain that they didn’t tell him that he actually killed both Bonzo and Stilson; so that he wouldn’t think of himself as a killer. Throughout the book Ender repeats that he doesn’t want to hurt anyone and doesn’t like that he has to be violent in order to be safe. If Ender would’ve found out, it would destroy his motivation and drive to want to be the best he can be. All in all, Ender is an overall better person because of the fact he didn’t know the
And Ender hated himself.” () Virtually identical to the emotional consequence Ender formerly suffered from Stilson, delineates his sentiments regarding Bernard; Card not developing on his idea in the slightest, keeping Ender’s own hatred of himself and the potential individual he apparently mocks
The short story A Jury of Her Peers, written by Susan Glaspell, clearly demonstrates fear and its control within characters throughout the story. The main character, Minnie Foster, a lovely young woman who sang in the choir and known as a very open person. However, once she got married, she became much quieter. The two other women in the story, one of whom know Minnie, uncover some evidence that would incriminate Minnie for the murder of her husband. The women find out that Minnie’s husband treats Minnie poorly and may have physically hurt Minnie as well.
John Kessel’s essay, Creating the Innocent Killer, is a character study of Andrew ‘Ender’ Wiggin, from Orson Scott Card’s Ender’s Game. The essay provides an interesting look into who Ender actually is underneath all of Card’s world manipulation, and the message that Card was trying to send through Ender’s existence in the story. Essentially, the message that Kessel sees in the novel is that ‘actions should be judged based on intentions, rather than results,’ which is a belief that is generally be untrue. The theory that this message was intentionally being portrayed in Ender’s journey is backed up by large amounts of evidence, both from the book, and from Card himself. This isn’t all too hard to prove.
(34) Ender detests Graff’s accusation; unable to even contemplate the idea of falling under the classification of murderer. But Graff’s words strike a chord in Ender’s perception of himself, introducing him to the idea that he may encompass a scrap of similarity to Peter. In the end, Ender stands by his humanity, desperately reassuring himself of his noble nature. (ender already knows he is like peter(last page of chapter 1) may want to
This was one of the reasons why he was the perfect choice to be the commander. He also had a tremendous amount of guilt after (unknowingly) killing all the buggers and the pilots he and the squad leaders had controlled. This guilt would only be resolved when Ender finds a purpose as Speaker for the Dead and finding a safe place for the egg to
By doing this it potentially would leave Ender and the platoons vulnerable to the attack of the buggers. Ultimately, Ender earns his highest achievement of power with the deception given to him by Mazer Rackham and for the sake of humanity, the lie is better and more helpful than the
Without the bugger war, Ender would not have been born, and he realizes this fact. Interestingly enough, the reader never directly see’s the war against the buggers. The only war ever seen directly is the other war that Ender fights every day – the war against the teachers games, against the other kids, against his fear of becoming his brother, against the instinct that drives Ender to hurt other people. Ender’s entire life is made up of these little battles. Ender finds his identity in the battles that he fights and the challenges that he over comes.
End them or end us. But heaven knows there was no other way you could’ve done it,” (Card pg.296). This shows that Mazer knew that if they had done nothing during the fight against the bugger humanity would be in danger because the buggers would’ve came back to wipe out humanity. This also shows that inaction leads to loss because Mazer said that it was, “all or nothing”, which meant that they could do everything they could and win or do nothing and lose. These quotes prove that inaction leads to loss because throughout Ender’s Game the characters like Ender and Mazer have been through battles where they know that if they don’t do anything at all
In another scene when Ender is sent to join the Salamander Army right before “things were finally coming together” at Battle School for him and that “his life was finally getting livable” (102). Ender is starting to make friends and build up his life at battle school but then he gets disengaged from this by the adults. The adults isolate Ender to demoralize him in such a way that Ender to make him feel like no one will be at his side or will ever come to his aid. Furthermore, people of society on Earth are willing to give up their freedom and privacy in order to feel safe from the dangers of the unknown. After Ender has his monitor pulled out of him, the doctor tells the nurse, “They leave these things in the kid for three years” (33).
Ship-Trap Island is like the nightmare you will never wake up from. In the book “The Dangerous Game” by Richard Connell, a hunter named Rainsford was sailing in the sea to go hunt in the Amazon when suddenly he falls off of his yacht due to strong waves late at night. He ends up at this mysterious island the next morning where a general named Zaroff finds him. At first, Zaroff seems friendly but later on he puts Rainsford through a challenge where Zaroff is hunting Rainsford down for three days and if Rainsford wins, he survives. If the general wins, Rainsford will be killed.