Polemarchus’ idea of justice, “By defining a friend as one who both seems and is an honest man: while the man who seems, but is not, and honest man seems a friend, but really is not. And similarly for an enemy” (335a). What Polemarchus is trying to say is that do good for friends and harm for enemies for justice. To go more in depth into what he is saying, Polemarchus believes you must first determine who is your ally to do good by him and also determine who your enemies are thus to do “harm” by him. On receiving this point of view based on Justice Plato went further to decipher Polemarchus’ idea.
He comes up with the several suggestions about piety: “to prosecute a wrongdoer is pious and not to prosecute is impious”; “what all the gods hate is impious, and what they all love is pious”; “where there is piety there is also justice” (Plato (1997), p.88.). In Euthyphros actions to prosecute his father he relies on this statement. Even though, he considers himself as pious man, Euthyphro is pious in prosecuting his father. Look at Euthyphros notion “to prosecute a wrongdoer is pious and not to prosecute is impious”. Let imagine this case as his father is guilty and he would hide it from authorities, from
These two questions were the main idea of the discussion between Socrates and his friends: Glaucon, Adeimantus, Polemarchus, Cephalus… Socrates asks the question of the definition of justice, each one of the interlocutors answers the question in his own way that, according to Socrates, reflects his own personality. One of the important definitions given was that given by Thrasymachus: he defines justice as the advantage of the stronger. “Now listen, I say that the just is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger. Well why don’t you praise me? But you won’t be willing”.
The characterization of Brutus proves that he rather make decisions for what is right and not for power which influences the fall of Caesar, the conspirators following him, and the outcome of his own life. Brutus in many ways can be seen as morally right and doing the best that he can, but he can be seen as swayed. In the beginning of the poem Brutus says about Caesar that he does “love him well” but then to say that he fears “the people Choose Caesar for their king” (Shakespeare 6). When it comes to people, Brutus is loving and wants the best for them. It's a decision between morals or friends and makes that decision clear that he rather choose the right morals over having a friend in power.
In Book XII of “The Republic,” also called The Allegory of the Cave, Plato paints a detailed picture of the process in what it is to become enlightened. As humans we have limited perceptions of reality and we mistake these perceptions as truth and goodness. Plato tells us that what we are actually seeing are mere shadows of their true forms and is very clear in his point that traversing to the world of enlightenment is both difficult and painful. Not only that, but there will be those out there that are unwilling to seek this truth and seem to prefer the shadows. Plato asks us to examine ourselves and our beliefs and ask if these beliefs are biased or based on our own prejudices.
Socrates, whose life consists of asking thought provoking questions, asks Euthyphro to simply describe, in his own personal opinion, what piety is. Euthyphro responses multiple times with albeit different responses, each one still relates to the Homeric gods and their humane desires and needs. One of Euthyphro’s many responses that showcases his personal idea of piety and its relationship to the gods of which had also greatly troubled
Instead, Socrates chooses to question Crito’s request and comes to the conclusion that it is best for him to stay. After reading Plato’s Apology and Crito, I can conclude that according to Socrates human virtue is knowledge (wisdom). In this paper I will present two disputes that’s Socrates uses to prove what human virtue is. In Apology, one argument Socrates makes is that he is not wise. Socrates starts this off by explaining how Chaerephon went to the god Delphi, and Delphi asked if he knew any man that was wiser
We are told that we are born with basic rights and that we have the freedom to believe in whatever we desire, however, the chains that bind us are morality and justice. People’s opinion of us stops us from having complete freedom. A person with strong morality would feel guilty if they were given the choice to commit an injustice against another, and thus decide not to do so in the first place, even if they are given the opportunity to do what they want with no harm done to the other person. In Plato’s Crito, Socrates only cares about truth, therefore, for him to escape prison would be considered an injustice. He will be breaking the law, confirming his accuser’s statements about him being a criminal despite the fact that their claims are untrue.
Socrates is discovered blameworthy by a limited edge and is requested that propose a punishment. Socrates facetiously proposes that if he somehow happened to get what he merits, he ought to be regarded with an awesome feast for being of such support of the state. On a more genuine note, he rejects jail and outcast, offering maybe rather to pay a fine. At the point when the jury rejects his proposal and sentences him to death, Socrates stoically acknowledges the decision with the perception that nobody yet the divine beings comprehend what happens after death thus it is silly to dread what one doesn't have the foggiest idea. He likewise cautions the jurymen who voted against him that in hushing their pundit instead of listening to him, they have
Howard Roark may be regarded as an unrealistic hero because he possesses too many qualities of an ideal man.He has prefered qualities such as individuality, emotional and mindful intelligence, integrity, moral stature and practicality. It is unrealistic for a man to possess all of these qualities at once. His lack of character flaw also makes him seem surreal. Roark was made as an ideal man, but the ideal is often not able to exist fully in a physical form. However, it was purposeful for Roark to be ideal, and not realistic.Howard Roark, being the ideal and unrealistic man he is in “The Fountainhead” was purposeful because of Ayn Rand's tendency and preference to write about ideal characters.
Ethical reflection is established upon questioning the meaning behind, or source of, various concepts of morality, as well as assessing their different functions. In Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morals, ethical reflection can be seen in the form of questioning the origin of established values. This is particularly important in relation to my own concept of ethical reflection because it shows that Nietzsche is attempting to study deeper into the heart of what makes our values moral or immoral (innately good, or externally motivated). Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics does well at considering the intent behind our actions. In this text, Aristotle establishes that happiness is the ultimate end which we all seek.
This leads to Polemarchus’ view on justice, doing harm to one’s enemies and helping one’s friends. Plato contests this view on justice because he believes doing harm to anyone would be an injustice. This theory leads to their conclusion the just man is one who is useful. Thrasymachus refers to justice in an egoistical manner, saying “justice is in the interest of the stronger” (The Republic, Book I). He believes injustice is virtuous and wise and justice is vice and ignorance, but Socrates disagrees with this statement as believes the opposing view.