In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby, main character Jay Gatsby is blinded by the fantasy of transforming himself into a famous figure of wealth and social status and, as a result, winning over his love, Daisy. When Gatsby fails to reach these goals, his fantasy world comes crumbling down. Therefore, Gatsby is essentially an idealist who is destroyed by his inability to accept reality. Gatsby’s
Thesis Statement Despite the fact that pride is considered an incredible feeling of motivation and happiness, the author James Hurst through his characters, Doodle and the older brother, in his story, “The Scarlet Ibis,” proves ,it is in fact, a masked detrimental and beneficial feeling of selfishness and guilt. II. First Thesis Point- Topic
The Fallacies of American Idealism A significant work of modernism and surrealism, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald has received a myriad of literary criticisms and contrasting analyses. Illustrating the story of Jay Gatsby, Fitzgerald becomes a literary architect as he designs the complex characteristics withheld by this protagonist. Developing as the story moves forward, Gatsby’s demeanor and personality establish imperative roles as they portray the character’s pathological narcissism and classic romantic undertones while exemplifying delusions of American ideals. Introduced to the reader by the narrator named Nick Carraway, Jay Gatsby is described as having a mysteriously inherited opulence, invoking rumor among his innumerable guests. This
Candide, the title character and main protagonist, is a wide-eyed lad that has become indoctrinated in an over-zealous philosophy of optimism. All credit is due to the “brilliant”, aptly named, philosopher Dr. Pangloss (his surname in Greek translates into “all tongue”). Throughout Candide's ridiculous wonky adventures that would make Lewis Carroll read on in envy, Candide maintains the same level of optimism. His over optimistic nature renders him very naive and quite gullible. As endearing a characteristic as it is, it becomes increasingly infuriating when some large, cataclysmic, misfortune unfolds, he survives, shrugs, and says it is for the best that these things happen.
Rivalry and Its Positive Impact on Personal Growth Rivalry in all of its forms contributes to personal growth, even in extreme cases where the opposing party is debilitated or annihilated, where the consequences force the remaining party to overcome this loss and continue to adapt to the situation. Using the novel A Separate Peace by John Knowles as the basis for the argument, Gene, the arguable antagonist is molded from an innocent schoolboy to an individual that begins to view the world outside of the confines of his academy of study. Starting from the beginning, Gene had misinterpreted his best friend, Finny’s friendly intentions as attempting to undermine him and begins this one-sided rivalry. Recognizing that he could not beat Finny in the realm of athletics, Gene seeks to improve his school marks, and raise himself up on a pillar of his own
When he begins the anaphora of “how the…” he follows each with a short explanation of beauty, of the wildly perfect world that the college campus represents (34). While this can be seen as a simple appreciation for its glamour, its overwhelmingly sweet tone rings of mockery and sarcasm at splendor that surpasses any possible reality to the point in which he questions “if it happened at all” (36). Moreover, he questions the statue of the Founder, a moment frozen in an action that can be seen as both setting a slave free, or further blinding him. He asks “why...a bird-soiled statue” is “more commanding” than a clean one, perhaps illustrating that the slave is literally being whitewashed by the bird’s waste, or even being trashed by birds, a symbol of freedom (36). This unanswered question provides leeway to uncertainties of whether all of it “[had] been real” (36).
The key to happiness depends on whom you ask, but who is right? A19th-century French writer, Gustave Flaubert, believes: stupidity, selfishness, and good health dictate whether someone can feel happy, and that if “stupidity is lacking, all is lost”. He gives very specific and objective measures of happiness, but, how can a subjective emotion be governed by objective reasoning? Additionally, the reason we feel a specific emotion is due to an assortment of variables; how we were raised as children, how are parents act, how are friends act and even the weather effects our mood. Gustave Flaubert strongly believes stupidity is the strongest requirement for achieving happiness.
The extreme collectivist community potrayed shows the polar opposite of egoism. Equality immediately gets set appart by his intellectual abilities leading to his substantial discoveries. Evidently his ideas are rejected and he’s shunned for his intelligence and creativity. Nevertheless, this is for the better, for it is then that he perhaps has his greatest thought: “To be free a man must be free of his brothers. That is freedom.
Equality gets to a point in which he finds joy in discovery, and states (with pride) that “We, Equality 7-2521, have discovered a new power of nature. And we have discovered it alone, and we are alone to know it” (Rand 52). Equality finds this sudden advancement because of his own will in admitting a lack of knowledge, and it is in this lack of knowledge that he finds a need to learn, wanting to better his understanding of...everything. Returning to the idea of Equality’s joy being a massive source of his motivation, he finds joy in being around the golden one, and wishes to improve the quality of life for her, for the one he loves, as such, he is better motivated to make life more luxurious for her sake, to provide her with
Another example of a self-serving belief is when Lefou sings about Gatson's wonderful traits as a way to cheer him up after being rejected by Belle for being "simple-minded.” Quickly, Gatson becomes overconfident in his abilities, reverting back to his initial self. Kruger & Dunning's research with students which is described in the textbook concludes that "those who are least competent are most overconfident about their abilities.” Therefore, Gatson skill in hunting and fighting are over-exaggerated to inflate his positive self concept. "People's overconfidence is particularly strong when they're given feedback that confirms their original views” (Law connections). Therefore, Gatson overconfident judgments about himself is reinforced by both Lefou and the civilians glorifying his achievements. Perceived control, which is defined as seeing uncontrollable events as at least partially under our control, is another self-serving belief.