Our whole lives growing up we are told to follow the “Golden Rule”. This rule is defined as to treat someone the way you want to be treated. In the book To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Atticus Finch a lawyer in a town called Maycomb in Alabama tries his best to be a role model for his two children. In the quiet town of Maycomb Atticus is given the job to defend a black man named Tom Robinson. Atticus wants to teach his kids Jem and Scout life lessons at an early age so they grow up as respectable people.
Atticus risks his reputation by showing empathy towards the black community by trying to help their community to be treated equally, he is rewarded with empathy by telling Walter Cunningham that he does not need to pay back his debt, and his final reward of empathy is teaching Scout and Jem the importance of empathy. Atticus risks his reputation that he has built up in the caste system when he takes on the case of working to defend Tom Robinson in attempts to gain equality for the black community. He knows that by defending a black man it will bring judgement down on his family, because many of the white citizens of Maycomb are racist and disagree with his beliefs. Atticus strongly
Throughout the story Jem realizes that he shouldn’t judge people until he understands them. Throughout the story Scout,Jem, and Dill learn important life lessons and mature as people as the story goes on. At the beginning of the story Charles Baker Harris known as Dill was a sweet innocent little kid who wanted to do everything on impulse without thinking about the consequences. Throughout the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Dill learns the harsh reality of real life. He realizes that life is not as fair as it should be after the trial the trial of Tom Robinson and how people accused him of rape because he was black, even though he was clearly innocent and there was no solid evidence to prove him guilty.
For instance, in chapter 11 Atticus explained to his children, “I wanted you to see what real courage is, not a man with a gun… it’s when you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway.” (pg. 112). Atticus believes that real courage is trying again after you lost, not winning by the simple way or a gunshot. Atticus probably knew that the jury will say that Tom is guilty. Yet Atticus has integrity and tries his best for Tom despite the
Morals and values often control one’s choices, and sometimes these decisions affect someone’s entire life. Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is a prime example of the importance of morals. During the 1930s in the southern town of Maycomb, Alabama, a non-racist, white lawyer, Atticus Finch, passes on his beliefs to his children, and they use his teachings to overcome challenges in their life. Atticus’s children’s, Jem and Scout, first encounter with an obstacle is when Atticus is tasked with defending an African American in court against a racist man named Bob Ewell that falsely accuses him of raping his daughter. As a result, members of their community, specifically an elderly woman named Mrs. Dubose, become angry at Atticus, and Bob Ewell even tries to murder Atticus’s children.
Atticus tells Jem “Son, I have no doubt that you’ve been annoyed by your contemporaries about me lawing for niggers, as you say, but to do something like this to a sick old lady is inexcusable” (103-104). Jem usually ignores people who talk trash about their family but when someone insults Atticus he would be furious but Atticus teaches him to be a gentleman and ignore the hateful comments. One other neighbor, Boo Radley is always behind doors but he shows Scout that he is not a bad person. Atticus knew it was Boo who covered up Scout but Scout says “Thank who?” and Atticus replies with “Boo Radley. You were so busy looking at the fire you didn’t know it when he put the blanket around you” (72).
“To Kill a Mockingbird” is a novel written from a child’s perspective over a couple of years. Atticus, her father, is a calm and morally courageous lawyer. When raising his children, both son and daughter, he tries to show them goodness in everything and especially to try to understand a person by seeing things from his or her perspective, “try to stand in the person’s shoes” to actually understand them. To see from the person’s perspective, you might understand their conscience, and that is, as he explains, individual. He teaches them what’s right and good, and when they get guns to shoot with he tells Jem that he can shoot as many bluejays he wants, but to remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.
To Install a Moral Atticus Finch is considered a strange person by Maycomb, his town, seeing as he is the single father of two while working as a lawyer, defending blacks in a racist society. Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird centers around the Finches as they try to keep Tom Robinson alive on fabricated charges while his children begin to learn just how gritty and dangerous life can be. Despite being pressured and attacked due to defending a lost cause, Atticus tries to help his children however he can, keeping them safe and showing them, in a good light, how to view the workings of the world. Overall, Atticus attempts to instill controversial but true morals and values into his children as they grow up. One belief that Atticus instills
Adding on to the fact that Atticus wanted to teach his children to grow up free of prejudice; Atticus gives Scout an important life lesson. As said in the book “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view… until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” (Lee 85-87) Ultimately Atticus has a lot of passion in his heart to deal with the people he does everyday and be able to stand up to those who don’t agree with his beliefs. A final example of how Atticus is able to show courage through others is through the Cunningham’s. Atticus is able to compromise with Mr.Cunningham and help him out in exchange for something they are able to repay him
Even though it is terrible news for everyone, Atticus believes “‘What was one Negro, more or less, among two hundred of ‘em? He wasn’t Tom to them, he was an escaping prisoner’” (Lee 315). Even though Atticus knows Tom was innocent, he was still a prisoner and got what was coming to him for trying to escape. He teaches his children that even though someone can be really close to you, and you understand their reasoning for doing something wrong, you should still respect the law and enforce
Can one do something wrong and not feel guilty? “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy.” It is a sin to kill a mockingbird, why would one want to sin? To kill a mockingbird, Harper Lee. Scout and Jem are children of a passionate lawyer, Atticus Finch, they get exposed to what is right and wrong. All atticus wanted to do was show Maycomb and his children that a white man could defend a African American, for justice.
The title “To Kill a Mockingbird” written by Harper Lee, regard to how it is a sin to kill a mockingbird, because all they do is sing. Atticus told the kids they can shoot as much blue jays as they desire, but not to shoot any mockingbirds for that reasons, because mockingbird do not harm nor do they bother anyone. In this novel, there are three main mockingbird, Tom Robinson, Jem, and Boo “Arthur” Radley. Tom Robinson was just an innocent black male accused of raping a white woman named Mayella Violet Ewell, Mr.Ewell oldest kid. Although all evidences point to Tom being not guilty, he was still convicted guilty because back in the days of 1930s in Maycomb, Alabama, everyone would pick a white person words over a black person word any day
She could not do this alone though she had Jem read to her every day just to distract her mind from thinking of morphine. This next quote from “If’ says “ If you can trust yourself when all men doubt yourself.” Atticus trust himself to get Tom a fair trial even if he is black, he knew it was going to be hard but he has to do it for himself. Like the quote said though everyone else has no hope that Tom was going to win the trial, but since he trust in Atticus to do the best of his ability to win the trial for him Do you see how it feels like “If” and To Kill A Mockingbird were written by the same person it is crazy how close they are. I am completely certain that she used this poem to develop her characters, who know how many things she used to develop her
It is clear that Aunt Alexandra’s opinion of the Cunningham’s is dissatisfactory as opposed to her expectations of her family name. When Scout challenges her in a questioning manor, she simply states “‘Because—he—is—trash,” implying the Finch’s are out of the Cunningham’s league. THIRD POINT: White men having ownership over black men is history in the United States which many still continue to feel an obligation to uphold. According to Atticus, race makes white people act foolish. Throughout the book, Atticus’ voice acts as a beacon of hope, giving aspiration to his children; however, in this instance Atticus dryly says “...when it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man always wins.