Firstly, fate plays a large role in Greek Mythology, as it is described as three sisters who “spun out life [on a thread], measured it, and cut it”. So the question that arises from this is if the fate sisters controls everyone’s actions including the gods, was Zeus truly acting out of duty or was it fate that made him do so in the Iliad? As Zeus agreed upon in The Works of Lucian when discussing fate with Cyniscus that the fates control everyone’s actions. If he was acting under the guise of fate, we have to take Zeus’ actions with a grain of salt because he was not in control of his own actions. If fate decreed that Zeus act the way he did, is it truly right to consider him as someone who acts out of duty?
Vergil opens his narrative by immediately delving into the motivations behind Juno’s torment of the Trojans. Juno is depicted to be suffering due to fear that she will lose something dear to her in the future, and thus takes action against the Trojans in an effort to prevent the loss. Vergil narrates that, "There was an ancient city, Carthage.... They say Juno loved this one land above all others.... Yet she’d heard of offspring, derived from Trojan blood, / that would one day
While odyssey’s crew is stranded without his leadership and advice, they are unsure where to go due to lack of knowledge and no mentor to lead them. His crew was “wailing and crying besides sailing ship”(10.433) no knowledge . They are missing Odysseus , the leader who is going to guide them in war and then back home. Odysseus is a devoting leader despite his his narcissistic actions and Through out his crew’s tough journey they always dependent on Odysseus to guide them through the right path. odysseus’ life is blessed by Zues, all his knowledge abilities are blessing from the gods .Even before Odysseus came to life he was predestined to become an honored charismatic leader who is greeted by his crew with tears of happiness and relief due to the many blessings that were given to him by the gods.
Since Prometheus had the ability to see the future, Zeus gave him an opportunity to gain his freedom. Prometheus was to reveal to Zeus which son of his would someday dethrone him, according to the prophecy. Prometheus refused and further angered Zeus. Centuries later, Heracles, the son of Zeus, killed the eagle that tormented Prometheus, and Prometheus finally received his freedom. The Greeks viewed Prometheus as a courageous god that fought against tyranny and injustice.
She then takes credit for his returning and says that she “planned” and “willed” his journey to be how it was (13.346,46). This directly contradicts the statement Zeus makes at the beginning of the epic. The king of the gods claims that the mortals “blame the gods” way too much for their miseries, which he blames on “their own reckless ways” (1.39,38,37). Athena, meanwhile, is saying that she “willed” everything for him (13.346). This contradicts Zeus saying the mortals are to blame, because she says that the gods are decide everything, so they are to blame.
Because this victory is only possible with the intervention of the gods, it highlights how the ancient Greeks saw the gods's role as essential to social structure and political calm. One clue to the role of divinities in social structure becomes apparent in the story of Telemachus, a meek character at the epic’s beginning, who allows the imposing suitors to overstay their welcome. Athena goes to Telemachus in book one of the epic to tell him, “You must not cling to your boyhood any longer” (I.341-342). Athena instructs Telemachus to voyage with her around Greece to find news of his father, though the goddess knows Odysseus is on his way home. It can be deduced that Athena’s intention for Telemachus’ voyage is to mature him into the noble man his father would need him to be upon his return.
In “The Odyssey” the gods have much power over the lives of mortals. Like puppet masters they play with the daily lives of mortals with their powerful fingers, that which can change a calm blue sea into a raging tempest in seconds. I believe that the gods play a strong role in the actions of mortals and their character traits are then shaped through the trials that they experience. God-like Odysseus has been through many intense trials on his trek to his homecoming that have tested his strength as a married man and leader, but finally the god Zeus calls upon his council of gods to “work out his homecoming and see to it that he returns.” (I,76-77) Here the extend of the gods ability to interfere with the lives of mortals is shown, and as told,
As an epic poem, The Odyssey’s narration focuses on Odysseus’s adventures in course of returning to Ithaca. Odysseus, as the king of this nation, takes responsibility to rule the nation with dignity, therefore wishes to be back home. As loyal as Odysseus is to his ruling, he is to be a reliable husband and father. Even though spending years with beautiful nymph Calypso, Odysseus never fails to grieve over the fact that he isn’t beside his beloved wife Penelope. Look at my wise Penelope.
In the play Antigone, the four choral stasima play an important role in establishing the theme of the play and helping the audience relate to and comprehend the struggle of characters. One shared theme between the stasima is the influence of the gods on human affairs. The first stasimon speaks about following human laws but also honoring divine law by swearing on the gods. If the human laws conflict with the laws of the gods, there is no justice. The second stasimon also speaks of following laws especially those of the gods.
Well known heroes do not kill people with no sympathy or mercy. So is Odysseus really a hero? There is a lot of reasonings to both sides, he could be a hero because he was loyal to his homeland and men. He was also clever and dedicated to all his plans and ideas to conquer creatures and return home. On the other hand, he does not seem much like a hero because he was unloyal by having affairs on Penelope.