Abstract Background: Malaria is a major contributor to child ill health; more than 10 million of the world’s children die each year before reaching the age of five. In Africa, where the majority of Malaria occurs, the highest mortality affects children less than 5 years of age. Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence rate and risk factors of malaria infection
In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines. Transmission occurs in large areas of Africa, central and South America, the Caribbean, Asia, Eastern Europe and the South Pacific. The body’s natural defence mechanisms that fight malarial parasites are more common in populations of people, that are continually exposed to the parasite. Also for individuals with inherited conditions such as sickle cell anaemia and Thalassaemia, which are in fact conditions in which cause abnormalities in the red blood cells. It is also found within people that come from regions impacted by malaria.
These vectors include mosquitoes, fleas, sand flies, lice, ticks, and mites. They are responsible for the transmission of several diseases. These vectors feed on blood at some or all stages of their life cycles. The hematophagous lifestyle of these arthropods allows the pathogens to enter the blood stream of the host. For example, the anopheles mosquito is a vector for malaria, filariasis,
B. A new technology could help us eliminate malaria forever and possibly many others viruses to, but to do so we need to engineer a whole animal population C. Along with many other diseases that mosquitoes play host to. Malaria is one of the cruelest parasites on earth, and possibly the single biggest killer of humans in history. In 2015 alone, hundreds of millions were infected and almost half a million people died. D. If any of you don’t know malaria is caused by a group of microorganisms: Plasmodia, very weird microorganisms that consist of just a single-cell, they’re parasites that completely rely on mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes that spread Zika are active daytime biters, but they can also bite at night. Therefore, the mosquito net, a kind of cover sheet over the bed to keep mosquitos away at night, is not an efficient blocking method. Ironically, mosquitoes themselves become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes can then further spread the virus to people through bites. Scientists have discovered other ways of transmission for Zika virus such as sexual intercourse, including oral activities, from a person who has Zika virus to his partner even if the infected person does not show symptoms at the time.
Discussion Dengue is now a global threat that has emerged as an important arboviral infection in different geographical regions of the world that supports the growth of mosquitoes. An estimated 50 million people live in dengue endemic countries. Its range exceeds over a hundred tropical and subtropical countries with more than 2.5 billion people at the risk of infection with about 100 million new cases each year worldwide.  [1, 19, 20] Dengue infection has been known to be endemic in India for over two centuries as a benign and self-limited disease. In north Indian region it has emerged as major health problem.
ABSTARCT Context:The Aerva pseudotomentosa commonly known as ‘Bui’ a plant of arid region possess medicinal properties and used as ethanobotanical medicine for the treatment of inflammation, rheumatic pain and healing of wounds. Material and methods: The antioxidant effect of Aerva pseudotomentosa was evaluated by DPPH (1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazil) free radical scavenging method, reducing power assay, scavenging of hydrogen peroxide, anti–lipid peroxidation assay in Flex seed homogenate. Antiinflammatory activity was evaluated by using carragennan and formalin induced paw edema method. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical investigation has been performed for determination of presence of phytochemicals and HPTLC fingerprinting analysis for standardization of plant. Results: The Aerva pseudotomentosa aqueous extract (APAE) showed significant antioxidant activity performed in various models.
The Malaria parasite is present in the red blood cells of the infected person, therefore Malaria can be transmitted via organ transplants (or donations), blood transfusions (or donations of contaminated blood) or using the same needles/syringes with contaminated blood. Malaria can also be transmitted from a mother to her infant before or during delivery (congenital Malaria). However the transmission of Malaria through the female Anopheles mosquito is the most common as, the blood of the organ donor or blood donor is usually checked before both of the procedures, so the doctor would be able to recognize the Malaria parasite if it is in the blood of the
Other dermatologic studies have been conducted with tea tree oil in the treatment of acne, head lice and recurrent herpes labialis, in which effects were found to be either similar or better than traditional treatment and often with fewer side effects [10-13]. A few published studies report that the successful use of tea tree oil in treating mucous membrane infections, including Trichomonas vaginalis  and against oral bacteria and oropharyngeal candidiasis [15-16]. Literature Survey reveals that there are no information about the spectral, thermodynamic, transport and Acoustic Properties of components of tea tree oil, so it was taken to know about the nature of components of tea tree oil with organic solvents. IMPORTANCE OF