Motivation In Human Behaviour

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“Motivation has been widely accepted by teachers and researches as one of the key factors that influences the rate and success of second/foreign language (L2) learning.”(Domyei 1988) The difficulty in trying to understand motivation is like picking chewing gum out of your hair, whereby it is quite difficult, unpredictable and awkward sticky proposition. Since we have to understand the complexity of the situation, hence complicated at times of varied human behaviour itself. It is clear that many theories of motivation can be put in place to execute the characteristics of motivation, appear inseparable continually changing aspects of human behaviour. The common behaviour of students when they return home from school, they feel hungry and…show more content…
Hence it is construed that motivation cannot be inflicted from outside but it is an intrinsic desire in a man to achieve the goal through performance or activity of him. Therefore the motives are expression of person’s need, which could be personal and internal. Otherwise, incentives on the other hand are external to the person which is part of work environment by management in order to encourage to achieve task target goals. Usually new staff who joins an organisation, they bring with them certain needs that affect their job. These needs are physiological, psychological and of social values. These are difficult to determine and satisfy, which varies from one another. Maslow has developed a hierarchy of needs namely, physiological, security, esteem and self-actualization needs. This interacts with the environment to shape on the job needs and basis of motivation. ( Wigfield, A., & Wentzel, K. R.…show more content…
Usually these kind of needs drive the individual towards special kinds of behaviour. Since this is learned needs, their strength varies from one individual to another. Example of some of these needs are, power, affiliation, achievement and approval. 2.30 HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Figure 1 Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow%27s_hierarchy_of_needs Humanistic psychologist, Abraham Maslow says that the needs is like a ladder-like steps. As the upward movement of ladder, our needs are met according the steps. Hence these needs starts from our basic needs for survival to the higher order needs. Since the first lever of needs is satisfied, then we move gradually up the ladder to fulfil accordingly. - Psychological - Safety - Love/ belonging - Esteem - Self-actualisation 2.40 ACHIEVEMENT
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