The key to supporting children’s and young people’s learning is motivation, even if this is one to one with a pupil, in a small group or as a whole class, whether you are supporting the teacher or taking the class. Approaches to motivation include behavioural, cognitive, physiological and social. Therefore, when setting goals for pupils to achieve it is a crucial element. A pupil’s behaviour and the persistence and strength of their behaviour is all affected by motivation. Lesson plans often incorporate activities which are fun and interesting but linked to the learning objective, therefore hooking the children’s imagination so they become motivated to take part.
Some components of teacher efficacy include: developing an organized classroom environment that is supportive of positive and meaningful learning, positive beliefs and development of instructional activities in different domains of learning, engaging the involvement of parents and sourcing resources needed for learning tasks, and redirecting negative influences that may affect the flow of the academic accomplishments of students (Marat, 2007, para. 3). A strategy that can be utilized by administrators in assisting teachers in developing a high degree of teacher efficacy involves providing information on the relevance of learning in students lives. This strategy of providing information on the relevance of learning in the lives of students would be undergirded by a series of workshops that would expose teachers to components of quality and effective learning, the nature of the pubescent child, the role of culture in the process of assimilation and equilibration and how learning can be developed and supported by positive self-beliefs among students with low-self image. Workshops would be conducted for three hours per week and would involve a reflective component where teachers selected for this
Giving Praise to Encourage Students’ Motivation is Fundamental Introduction In recent decades, one of the problems faced by students is how to build up their motivation. Encouraging students’ motivation is essential to increase their performance and involvement in classroom activities. Academic performance, inappropriate behaviour and unproductive classrooms are all related to motivation issues. Motivation is needed to promote students’ interest and attitude in order to help them realize their potential and improve their desire to study hard. To deal with this problem, praise is examined as a useful instrument to encourage students’ spirit when it is implemented appropriately in a classroom.
In the most general sense, it usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure he/she understands the students ' preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them. Constructivism has many benefits namely: Children learn more, and enjoy learning more when they are actively involved; students learn how to think and understand and transfer learning; students create organizing principles that they can take with them to other learning settings; it gives students ownership of what they learn, since learning is based on students ' questions and explorations, and often the students have a hand in designing the assessments as well; it engages the students ' initiatives and personal investments in their journals, research reports, physical models, and artistic representations; and it promotes social and communication skills by creating a classroom environment that emphasizes collaboration and exchange of
5). Thanks to the classes, teachers would be prepared and would feel more comfortable with the material that they are teaching. They should be able to teach the material in any way that they need to, in order to help the student better understand. Teachers can also do certain learning activities that are enjoyable to the students; making them enjoy going to school and eager to learn. Weimer also wrote, “A good learning experience where the student conquers challenging content, finds out something fascinating and through the process
Teachers look for ways of making learning a pleasant experience. They adopt different strategies to cater to the needs of their students and one of these many strategies is cooperative learning. Johnson and Johnson (2016) give us a very comprehensive description of the nature of a cooperative task. Accordingly, constructive controversy theory posits that conflict among ideas, theories, or conclusions leads to uncertainty about the correctness of one’s views, which leads to epistemic curiosity and the active search for additional information and perspectives, which, in turn, leads to reconceptualized and refined conclusions. This process results in constructive outcomes when it occurs in a cooperative context, when students are skilled in
The elements of this component are quality of questions/ prompts, discussion techniques and student participation. Effective questioning techniques are associated with the types of the questions. Instead of just asking closed-questions, the teachers should vary the types of questions by asking open-ended questions to encourage the critical thinking of the students. As mentioned by Danielson (2014: 59), “Class discussion are animated, engaging all the students in important issues and promoting the use of precise language to deepen language and extend their understanding.” Hence, an effective classroom interaction is not necessarily evolved high cognitive level of lesson content, but the engagement and participation of the students is important to make sure the learning and teaching process is
The purpose of education is to create the “catalyst”, - the interest, the imagination, the self-confidence, the enthusiasm for further knowledge that helps a person grow beyond what they believe they can be. Education should help develop skills and knowledge, so students can be productive members of society. The more knowledge you have, the more opportunities you have in life. I think back to my childhood and the teachers that made an impact in my life. I want to be that catalyst for students.
This phase also offers opportunities for teachers to directly introduce a concept, process, or skill. Learners explain their understanding of the concept. An explanation from the teacher or the curriculum may lead them toward a deeper understanding, which is a critical part of this phase. Teachers challenge and increase students’ conceptual understanding and skills. Through new experiences, the students develop deeper and broader understanding, more information, and proper skills.
Goal setting: teacher helps students to set goal for themselves and present suitable ways to achieve them. Challenge: teacher should please learner’s needs for challenge to prepare them to do more difficult and complex tasks. Awareness of change: learner should be aware of their own development in learning process to gain more control on learning. A belief in positive outcomes: teacher creates this feeling in learner that there is always a solution for any problem. Sharing: teacher should encourage cooperation among learners, so that learner get aware that cooperation has a better result to them.