Direct jobs are created when hospitality sectors like hotels, attractions, tourism agencies, and restaurants employ people. Indirect jobs are generated when architects, engineers, and construction workers are employed for the construction of hospitality-related infrastructure, or when food suppliers are hired to supply food to restaurants, and hotels, or when buses are chartered to take tourists around. This list goes on. The effects of cultural tourism are received positively, and negatively for a society. Cultural tourism can give rise to the preservation of culture.
Since ancient times, there are many arguments about the tourist motivations but the social element will be the main element that motive people to travel. The social element widely explains that it has a great influence to motive a tourist travel. It is always can make tourists want to escape everything temporarily from their daily routines, without any worries and they will return to their usual environment when they already find out what they want from the journey. According to the study of Crompton, 1979, explains the tourist motivations is one of the factors that make tourists travel and it is a key factor to compel and impel force all the tourist behavior. There are two types of tourist motivations which are cultural motives: new and
After tourism in Phuket province became popular among Thais and foreigners. Not only sponsor by capitals but also the investment has been pouring into various types of products. Vegetarian festival is a space for many entrepreneurs get benefit from it but advertise their brand through donation products which give to Chinese shrine with logo on it. Cultural tourism that change cultural as commodity which can trade in concrete way. Many private
2.1 Introduction In this chapter of the literature review will helps the researcher to better understand the subject matter of the research from sources reference such as books, journals, scholar articles, government publications, dissertation, websites and previous researches. This chapter will discuss the concept of tourist, food tourism, push and pull factor and in the food -related tourism. 2.2 Tourist Tourist means a person who travels to other places for pleasure. Television was the most frequently used source of information by tourists, followed by friends, magazines, Internet, books, pictures, other people, movies, stories, experience, news, imagination, newspaper, National Geographic Channel, advertisements, articles, media, and
According to his typology, my colleague is allocentric tourist, which enjoys travelling independently, explore culture, seek for adventurous experiences on holiday and go to different places on each vacation (Page & Connell, 2014). Based on Plog’s, allocentric are interested about the world around them and want to explore it. Cooperation with locals and participation in culture, cuisine as well as active past times are central to allocentric tourist’s holiday experience. Cultural motivation indicates the desire to explore and learn about the destination. Furthermore, they tend to make decision very quickly as they identify that life involves risks and they face daily life with full of energy (Plog,
Tourism and hospitality industry, the service sector of the Indian economy is one of the largest areas. Tourism is a major growth driver in India and is an important source of foreign exchange earnings. The direct contribution to GDP in India region (GDP) per annum during the period 2013-2023 is expected to grow 7.8 per cent. Tourism in India due to the increase in foreign tourist arrivals (FTA) and a large number of Indians traveling to domestic destinations is rich. Domestic tourism increased by 5.1 percent in 2013 and is expected to increase by 8.2 percent this year, the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), according to data available with the revenue earned.
the previous are taken into consideration from the attitude of demand, and that they lead the tourist to travel to gastronomic tourism locations that regularly consist of goals as well as psychological, social and ego-centric desires inclusive of escapism from the daily habitual, relaxing with circle of relatives, relaxation, exploration and social interplay and affective or emotional bonding. The assets taken into consideration pull elements are cultural and natural points of interest, special events and gala 's, experiences with meals merchandise inside the destinations and different possibilities for entertainment and leisure, value, friendliness of residents, gastronomic range and range, attributes or traits of the destination together with proximity, and many others (Borjas,
Finding experiences with food at a tourist destination is getting the attention of the visitors (Wijaya,S., et al, 2016). With the wealth of Indonesian culinary from Sabang to Merauke, the story behind the food from the history and recipes can be a special attraction for foreign tourists who could potentially make Indonesia as a culinary tourism destination (Prodjo,W.A, 2017). Along with the increasing kinds of tours, culinary tours also categorized as a tour, with the increasing diversity and innovation of food, it also has an impact on culinary tourism, the more interesting places for tourists can visit with food as one of the reasons (Butler, A.,
tourists’ sentimentalism towards tourism products after having used them. If a particular tourist grows complacent about specific tourism service or product (Dimitriades, Z., 2006) there is likelihood that he might repeat the re-purchase of the product. Interaction between tourists and online destination images (Ballantyne & Aitken, 2007; Morgan, 2011; Spilková & Fialova, 2013) bring about a two-way method of communication that can impact online tourists’ satisfaction to make decisions to travel. Proper use of online word of mouth to target online tourists’ satisfaction (Enright and Newton, 2005) can be encouraged by tourism managers through positive motivation previous visitors to destination to share a positive word of mouth. It is noticed that tourism is the fastest growing economy worldwide and tourism organizations rely on tourists to support their institution.
This is predicted to rise by 4.3% to USD2, 248.2bn in 2014. This shows the economic ventures generated by relevant industries such as hotels, travel agents, airlines and other transport services specifically for passengers. It also includes the revenue generated by restaurants and hotels frequented by tourists. The direct contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP is expected to grow by 4.2% pa to USD3, 379.3bn (3.1% of GDP) by 2024(4). Direct Contribution of travel & tourism to world GDP (4) As we see from 2004 to 2013 there is a major GDP contribution from tourism sector for an economy point of view which was rises from 1800USDbn to 2000USDbn from the year 2004 to 2013,which will increased to 3400USDbn by 2024 as shown in graph.