Motivation: Literature Review

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- Lai 2011, carried out a study entitled: "Motivation: Literature Review." The researcher states that motivation varies within individuals across subject areas, and this increases with age. Moreover, the rewards, depending on the type of reward, may either diminish or encourage motivation. The researcher encourages that the students have to be allowed move their choices and to use collaborative learning approaches. The outcomes of Lai's study fulfilled the purpose of explaining the way in which the motivation has been defined by the researchers, it also investigated how motivation develops, how teachers can encourage the development of motivation in their students, and to review best practices in assessing motivation. - Ball 2013, carried…show more content…
How to combine these theories into a practical framework for more motivation. - Usher 2012, carried out a study entitled: "What is Motivation." The researcher sets this study to understand more about the polities that can improve student's motivation. This research focuses on six general themes, each focused on a different aspect of motivation, and highlight findings from research and lessons, and others interested in improving the motivation in students. The research provides the readers with the definition of motivation, why it matters, and how it affects every aspect of schooling. The researcher also discusses the consequences of lack motivation. Moreover, the researcher distinguishes between two kinds of motivation; namely, intrinsic and extrinsic. - Ryan and Deci 2000, carried out a study entitled: " Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions." The researcher has briefly presented the self-determination theory in order to distinguish between intrinsically motivated behaviors which are volitional and accompanied by the experience of freedom and autonomy, and the extrinsically motivated behaviors which is not representative of one's…show more content…
Thus, teachers should pay attention to the high importance of motivation along with its types. Language teachers have to be familiar with the character as well as the personality of each student they are dealing with. - Keblawi 2014, carried out a study entitled: " A review of language learning motivation theories." Keblawi traces in brief the history of language learning motivation (LLM) by reviewing the main motivation theories and models that have affected its development, as well as defining the concept of motivation and on the emergence of the interest in LLM. No doubt that motivation is crucial for students' learning. Thus, studying the three main theories that have been reviewed; namely the self-determination theory, goal theories and attribution theory would be most benefited for learners. - Anjomshoa and Sadighi 2015, carried out a study entitled: "The Importance of Motivation in Second Language Acquisition." Rost 2006 has stated that motivation has been called the “neglected heart” of language teaching. Sometimes teachers forget that all of the activities employed in learning is related tightly to motivation. In this sense, students control the flow of the classroom, which Without their motivation there is no education and
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