Sample Motivation Literature Review

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- Lai 2011, carried out a study entitled: "Motivation: Literature Review."
The researcher states that motivation varies within individuals across subject areas, and this increases with age. Moreover, the rewards, depending on the type of reward, may either diminish or encourage motivation. The researcher encourages that the students have to be allowed move their choices and to use collaborative learning approaches.

The outcomes of Lai's study fulfilled the purpose of explaining the way in which the motivation has been defined by the researchers, it also investigated how motivation develops, how teachers can encourage the development of motivation in their students, and to review best practices in assessing motivation.

- Ball 2013, carried
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The researcher defines both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Also sheds the light on the types of extrinsic motivation, which are: external regulation, introjections, identification, and interrogation.

- William 2011, carried out a study entitled: "Five key ingredients for improving student motivation"
The researcher states that the most important factor that can improve learning is motivation, so many theories have been postulated on the same topic. The researcher declares that humans are complex creatures with complex desires and needs, so without motivation very little if any learning can occur.

The researcher discusses the five-key ingredient impacting students' motivation; namely, student, teacher, content, method/ process, and environment. Moreover, the researcher gives some pieces of advice for improving the aware of understandings about motivation.

- Stirling 2014, carried out a study entitled: " Motivation in
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Thus, teachers should pay attention to the high importance of motivation along with its types. Language teachers have to be familiar with the character as well as the personality of each student they are dealing with.

- Keblawi 2014, carried out a study entitled: " A review of language learning motivation theories."

Keblawi traces in brief the history of language learning motivation (LLM) by reviewing the main motivation theories and models that have affected its development, as well as defining the concept of motivation and on the emergence of the interest in LLM.
No doubt that motivation is crucial for students' learning. Thus, studying the three main theories that have been reviewed; namely the self-determination theory, goal theories and attribution theory would be most benefited for learners.

- Anjomshoa and Sadighi 2015, carried out a study entitled: "The Importance of Motivation in Second Language Acquisition."
Rost 2006 has stated that motivation has been called the “neglected heart” of language teaching. Sometimes teachers forget that all of the activities employed in learning is related tightly to motivation. In this sense, students control the flow of the classroom, which Without their motivation there is no education and

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