1.2 Objectives of the Research There are two objectives to this report with the first being to explore the advantages of cosmetic surgery and next, to explore the disadvantages of cosmetic surgery. 1.3 Scope of Research Cosmetic surgery and its impact covers multiple facets like culture, religion, economic and many more. However, this report will focus on impact of cosmetic surgery on people in their daily lives especially it covers effect on women, as well as young teenagers. The main focus of this report is to study the pros as well as the cons that cosmetic surgery has brought to people. 2.0 Procedure A few secondary resources were used in the research process.
In contrast to past gender stereotypes, they argue that girls should be strong, independent, and intelligent. Orenstein takes a second wave feminism approach, meaning females are just as capable as males. She references how she commonly writes about feminism and warning parents of a “preoccupation of body and beauty” in order to pull for a change in society (327). The beauty standards give women an impossible set of goals deterring their confidence. In addition to unrealistic standards, Orenstein is alarmed by the growing popularity of princesses because she views them as “retrograde role models” (329).
Cosmetic surgery or plastic surgery is defined as a form of medicine focused on making enhancements to the body. It is intended to correct flawed areas on the body and is restoring in its nature. This type of surgery can be performed on the head, body, and neck. During a study, performed by Dr. Jane Weston and Anne Pearl, they found out high school junior’s opinions on cosmetic surgery. According to Attitudes of Adolescents About Cosmetic Surgery, “A survey of the junior class of a California suburban high school showed that one-third of respondents would consider undergoing cosmetic surgery.” Cosmetic surgery, in the U.S., is known to have a negative connotation, because one would consider you “fake” or not true to yourself.
Stephanie Hanes, author of the essay “Little Girls or Little Women? The Disney Princess Effect”, explains that our society should be worrying about the increase in sexualization amongst young girls. She suggests that parents take steps to make more people aware of the problem. To support her point of view, Hanes uses pathos and logos to explain the causes of this phenomenon. Throughout her essay, Hanes explains that the major factors that influence these young girls are marketing and the media.
In the ever-changing world of science, in vitro fertilization has taken fertility to another level. In “Test-Tube Babies: Solution or Problem?” Ruth Hubbard describes just how in vitro fertilization works and the many risks factors the procedure brings with it. Hubbard gives her audience statistical evidence of women with unsuccessful pregnancies then follows it with historical evidence about the first women to ever receive in vitro Louise Brown in July, 1978. Although one might conclude that Hubbard would support in vitro she makes a shocking statement “But as a woman, a feminist, and a biologist, I am opposed to using it and developing it further.” Using rhetorical appeals Hubbard attempts to convince her audience that we should not support
In the chapter “Cinderella and Princess Culture”, Orenstein, a mother and writer for The New York Times, expresses her concerns about companies marketing princess culture to girls. Orenstein starts by giving personal anecdotes, in order to describe her frustration with people calling or labeling her daughter as a princess. Orenstein does this to build ethos with her readers as she demonstrates that she is a mother herself and cares for the future generation of young girls. She then goes on to write about how much corporations are making in sales on princess merchandise. She provides the readers this information to demonstrate the expanding influence of Disney Princesses in which there is an inflation in the consumption of Disney Princess merchandise.
The center for information distribution affected women’s lives for the better. Just the possibility to become educated on the subject of birth control could protect people from undesired situations, but to personally distribute the necessary contraceptives to women is a huge leap toward reform and changing public standards. Next, Margaret Sanger “Opened the Birth Control Clinical Research Bureau in New York City,” (Commire, ed., 1994). This research was aimed at driving toward birth control breakthroughs and changing the norm for family planning. Her establishment of the organization guided the futures of women of this time as well as their posterity.
Similar to Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, which ignited the environmental movement, Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique sparked the second wave of feminism. American society limited women’s roles to housewife and feminine jobs such as teachers and secretaries. Friedan and her supporters focused on job equality and equal pay, but soon the movement progressed and split into two factions, women’s rights and women’s liberation. The liberation movement, composed mostly of young, radical women, advocated for much more than equal job opportunities and education which the women’s rights movement demanded. While the two groups eventually merged and provided some success, gender equality and women’s rights remain a controversial issue in American society.
Therefore, his term paper aims to analyze advertisements by Dove semiotically as well as to compare them, especially focusing on the depiction of women and how it changed with the launch of Dove’s ‘Campaign for Real Beauty’. Since print advertisements are the cultural material being used in this paper, the analysis will be from the author’s point of view. Nevertheless, it will be based on and supported by methods of semiotic analysis. Also some aspects of gender theory, especially stereotypical beliefs, are taken into account. Unilever’s personal care brand Dove was chosen since it was the first to show women in advertisements as they were.
On the surface, the song “Pretty Hurts” is about a pageant girl who comes to terms with her insecurities and learns to accept her natural beauty; however, when one looks deeper, the audience understands that the speaker is criticizing society’s beauty standards and its effect on young women. This message is shown through the author’s use of various rhetorical devices including diction, metaphors and