The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment.
Additionally, the tasks need to be constructive and interlinked and provide a challenge to the students while also acting as a motivation factor. The adopting of effective teaching to match the personal strengths of the students ensures that a student’s learning outcome is achieved Holistic assessment should be encouraged to understand what the learner has captured on a learning
The key to supporting children’s and young people’s learning is motivation, even if this is one to one with a pupil, in a small group or as a whole class, whether you are supporting the teacher or taking the class. Approaches to motivation include behavioural, cognitive, physiological and social. Therefore, when setting goals for pupils to achieve it is a crucial element. A pupil’s behaviour and the persistence and strength of their behaviour is all affected by motivation. Lesson plans often incorporate activities which are fun and interesting but linked to the learning objective, therefore hooking the children’s imagination so they become motivated to take part.
In learner-centred learning, students "construct knowledge through gathering and synthesizing information and integrating it with the general skills of inquiry, communication, critical thinking, problem solving and so on" (Perumal, 2015). How do learners learn in learner-centred teaching? The term 'learner-centred' depicts that learners are the active agents who determine how learning occurs. They "influence the content, activities, materials, and pace of learning" (Froyd & Simpson, 2000) and thus take responsibility of their own learning. The teacher, who takes the role of facilitator and coach, plays the key role of creating the necessary environment for the students so that they can learn independently.
In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
This study demonstrates a way of organizing the data, both quantitatively and qualitatively, to aid in forming conclusions about the ability of the service experience to enhance the learning of student participants. Additionally, the students are given “voice” through this research as their commentary unfolds to help others share in and learn from their experience. Such assessment is valuable to the faculty and administration when considering continuation of implementing service learning at the MIHC. The purpose of this study was to describe students’ experiences, attitudes, and learning outcomes associated with the implementation of this service-learning rotation related to three fundamental questions: Did the service-learning experience increase student awareness of the needs of elderly populations? Did the student possess professional growth as a result of the service-learning experience?
Students become self-reflected learners; they take responsibility for their own learning. The key to assessment as learning enables students to develop the capacity to monitor their own work in progress which the teachers support through encouragement and monitoring. ( Dear Hammond, L. (2012) Based on curriculum expectations and the achievement charts, the students are taught to use rubrics, samples and models as a good practice. In addition, formative assessment is a procedure utilized by instructors and students amid guideline that gives unequivocal input to alter progressing educating and figuring out how to enhance students ' accomplishment of planned instructional outcomes. Formative evaluation is a technique for persistently assessing students ' scholastic needs and advancement inside the classroom and goes before nearby benchmark appraisals and state-commanded summative assessments.
5. Evaluation in this model takes three forms which are facilitation feedback, mid-course assessment and peer evaluation. In a nut shell, experiential learning experiences help to complete students‟ preparation for their chosen careers which reinforce course content and theory. Students learn through student- rather than instructor-centered experiences by doing, discovering, reflecting and applying. Through these experiences students develop communication skills and self-confidence and gain and strengthen decision-making skills by responding to and solving real world problems and processes.
We want to create situations where students can relate their learning and their life outside of school, and apply what they have learned. We will implement through various methods of applied learning, and technology to reach our goals. What we understand about out-of-class experiences has important out comes in education. These outcomes are cognitive complexity, critical thinking, intellectual flexibility, and reflective judgment. As well as, knowledge acquisition and humanitarianism.
The use of pedagogical techniques to produce learning outcomes for students is the form of producing quality in teaching and learning. It involves several dimensions, including the effective design of content mastery, a variety of learning contexts (including guided independent study and collaborative learning, experimentation, etc. ), using feedback, and effective assessment of learning outcomes. It also involves well-adapted learning equipment and student support services. Support for quality teaching takes place at three related levels: At the institution-wide level: including projects such as strategy design, and support to organization and internal quality systems.