Motivation Theory Human Resource Theory

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My dissertation research focuses on the Human Resource Theory, or the Organizational Behavior Perspective, with an emphasis on “A Theory of Human Motivation”, by Abraham Maslow (1943). “Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization. He stressed the importance of focusing on the positive qualities of people, as opposed to treating them as a “bag of symptoms.” A review of General Psychology Survey, published in 2002, ranked Maslow as the tenth cited psychologist of the 20th century. Abraham Maslow.” (2015, December 20). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Maslow…show more content…
Therefore, it is safe to say that motivation plays an important role in the workplace. To emphasize, motivation is driven by the existence of unsatisfied needs, therefore it is worthwhile for employers to understand which needs are most important for individual employees. For instance, some employees will be motivated by monetary incentives, others on the other hand, will be encouraged by safety or better working conditions and a few may be enthused by a promotion. Therefore, it is imperative that the employers know which motivation approach is suitable to each employee. Furthermore, it is widely accepted that motivated employees generate higher value and lead to more substantial levels of achievement. The management of motivation is therefore a critical element of success in any business with an increase in productivity, an organization can achieve higher levels of output. Generally speaking, motivated employees will retain a higher level of innovation while producing higher quality of work more efficiently. In this regard Maslow developed a model in which deficiency needs such as physiological requirements and safety must be met before higher-level needs such as self-actualization are…show more content…
Once a person feels a sense of belonging, the need to feel important arises. The need for prestige and personal accomplishment are paramount in feeling self-worth and being valued. In light of this, it is easy to say that the fourth level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is esteem. The esteem needs begin to play a role after the three basic needs have be fulfilled. Esteem may be classified as internal or external. Internal esteem needs are those related to self-esteem; such as respect and achievement. External esteem needs on the contrary, are those such as social status and recognition. Satisfying these needs and gaining acceptance and esteem, help people become more confident. Those who lack self-esteem and respect from others, however, can develop a feeling of failure or inferiority which can later lead to self-harm or
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