The leadership is all about leading by example, creating a good work environment and empowering teams to be successful. Based on some of the responsibility mention above here is the tabular representation on the difference as well- Subject Leadership Management Make up for role Change Stability Approach Sets and leads direction Plans detail around
The need for power refers to the “desire” to lead, teach or inspire others using authority. These desires can drive employee behavior and can become basis on how and what certain forms of motivation can be used in the work place. (“Content Theories of Motivation,” n.d., pp.
Many of these provide a basis for pay, promotion, and disciplinary action. The performance appraisal information is essential for employee development, since knowledge of results (feedback) is necessary to motivate and guide performance improvements (El-Ghalayini, 2013). The aim of managing organisational performance is to increase organisational effectiveness by obtaining better performance from people by getting them to work well together. Organisational effectiveness can also be helped by improving organisational processes (such as the formulation and implementation of strategy and the achievement of high quality customer service), and facilitating the management of change (Armstrong 2010). In performance appraisals, competencies are used to ensure that performance reviews do not simply focus on outcomes, but also consider the behavioural aspects of how the work is carried out (which determines those outcomes).
They are in constant search for better paths and personal improvement. Managers are more in the development of skill already acquired or adopt behaviors that are proven to be successful. Therefore, leaders build relationships to improve themselves, and others, Leaders focus on people and what they can bring to the group to reach the goal. Leaders build trust on the team. Managers, focus on the analysis of proved methods to achieve the goal, forgetting the importance of the role of the other.
However, self-control and emotionality are considered to have a greater impact on employee commitment. Various authors lay stress on different qualities that a leader must possess. Today a leader is not only identified by the ability to command and lead. According to Satope et al (2014), a leader should be able to work well in teams, get along with people as well as help in creating a vision with which others can
Organizational commitment should be viewed as necessity in organizational culture. Strong organizational culture helps employees to realize goals, objectives and strategies. It contains a common meanings and beliefs towards employees. Organizational commitment helps employees to raise their self- awareness to focus on their works. Employees can follow the instructions and messages to perform their best.
Expectations for team’s performance must be clearly stated, conveyed and understood by the team members. When the team’s performance expectations are met, there should be rewards and recognitions so as to encourage them to continue their great performance. Nonetheless, since performance is link to remunerations, team members might feel competitive and hence resort to unethical ways in order to achieve their targets. Alternatively, attending leadership training to improve leadership skills and to upgrade the current skills can be done. With that, the manager will have the knowledge on how to communicate, guide and motivate his team to achieve their goals.
In fact, Zaccaro, Wood and Herman (2006) argue, the leadership traits also determine the ability of the leader to acquire new attributes and skills that might expand the leader’s skill set and thus increase his or her effectiveness in a diverse array of settings. In this way, leadership traits can determine the effectiveness of training and development opportunities offered to the leader by the organization. At the same time, cognitive capacities and motive for self-actualization can make the leader more effective at learning from experience and thus adopting more effective leadership skills to employ in different types of
It is intimately connected with all personnel/managerial activities in an organization. It is also an integral part of the whole management programme. Training is a vital necessity; because, apart from the advantages discussed above, it enables them to develop themselves and grow within the organization, improve upon their ‘worth ', earning capacity, and job security. It helps the employees to understand the management correctly, and develop a sense of involvement in the organizational affairs. The management is benefited in the sense that higher standards of quality are achieved, satisfactory organizational structure is built up, authority delegated down the line and the employees are motivated.
Organisations which have implemented TQM as mindsets in employees have better rates of success, than those organisations that use TQM in various processes. The organisational culture should be groomed so as to inculcate TQM principles and methodologies in all facets of the operations and administration. TQM should become a way of life for each and every employee. This culture transforms the employees in the organisation to be customer focus oriented with team work and an attitude of continuous improvement. Teamwork and team spirit as brought out earlier are important pillar stones for TQM