It is also called as “intrinsic motivation”. This theory regard that motivation is the product of internal drives that compel an individual to act or move toward the satisfaction of their needs. Major content theories of motivation are Maslow 's hierarchy of needs, Alderfer 's ERG theory, Herzberg 's motivator-hygiene theory, and McClelland 's learned needs or three-need theory. Process (or cognitive) theories of motivation focus on conscious human decision. The process theories are concerned with determining how individual behavior is energized, directed, and maintained in the specifically willed and self-directed human cognitive processes.
Cases of writing problems: Chou (2011) has listed a number of reasons why international students studying in an English-speaking country encounter a lot of stress and obstacles when writing their assignments. Firstly, students might come from different cultural backgrounds where they are fully dependent on teachers. They also have not been trained to be critical thinkers and they might have lower expectations than those of their teachers as they consider themselves second language learners. Al-Khsawneh (2010) indicated that the students identified that the teaching method and the environment are the main causes of their weaknesses in English. Their Weak qualification in English is either related to the lack of student motivation, or the teacher’s interest.
Another reason is because they tend to cheat. Lastly, paying students will only help in the short run not the long run. Paying a student is a horrible idea because it takes the motivation of learning from a student, they can cheat, and it only helps in the short run. First of all, schools should not pay students for good grades because they can lose their motivation to learn. Edward Deci says, “Most children are by nature motivated to learn,”.
This theory talks about two kinds of goals, one known as Mastery Goal, which is a result of intrinsic motivation and the other called Ego goal, which is a result of, extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation are explained by Urdan & Schoenfelder (2006). Intrinsic motivation comes from within and causes a person to be self determined and focused on achieving the goal. Extrinsic motivation is influenced by external factors, such a rewards, punishments, and encouragement from those around. I feel that intrinsic motivation is the driver for sustained focus.
Those teachers who are unfamiliar with the type of questions that are on the state assessments are going to assume that if it is truly meant to test how well students learn, then it will assess them based on how the subject in question is taught locally. This is typically not the case, and many students, regardless of their aptitude to learn, suffer because of it. There is a substantial difference in most schools between what is being taught and what is being
The last hypothesis is the Affective Filter Hypothesis. There are some affective factors that can have a negative or positive impact in the language acquisition. Sometimes students do not feel comfortable, they do not like the language, they do not have good relationships with their classmates or with the professor, because is a new language they may feel intimidated and all these problems have influence in the learning process. "Boredom and anxiety are affective factors that can have serve as a kind of filter to block out incoming messages and prevent them from reaching the language acquisition device" (p. 39). As a result, if a student has some affective problems this is going to block his/her input even if the topic is presented in a very comprehensible way.
If a student is stressed out by all of the competition, they probably couldn’t focus on all of their school work and their grades would start to drop some. This would not be good because we all know how important grades are to people. Competition would also consume most of the students’ time. If a student truly wanted to win a competition, they would probably lose too much of their free time and that would probably just stress them out even more. This is just another reason why we should not have as much competition surrounding
Roll no: 2, 6 and 8 “Because we don’t gain a lot from study, some time we tired while searching to find out special words in dictionary” Roll no: 14 said: “Because I don’t give much time to study” Roll no: 20 “I am not interested to be referred dictionary again and agian” Roll no: 24 “I spend less time in searching new words in dictionary and fed up wile doing such activity ” The above arguments of students claim that to be failed of students regarding vocabulary is due to confined/limited sources of information is one of the reason. Lack of vocabulary plays a vital role in avoiding any language. Students use dictionary only to find out the meaning of unknown words. Where they unable to find words in dictionary they became hesitant to deal in words. (Text Education Agency,
( ) Motivation is a psychological process through which unsatisfied wants or needs leads to drives that is aimed at goals or incentives. ( ) There are three levels of employees ' motivation. These levels are: 1) the direction of an employees ' behavior: It relates to those behaviors which the individual chooses to perform, 2) the level of
LITERATURE REVIEW Factors that causes lack of confidence in speaking English The English speaking performance of students are mainly affected by psychological factors whereby they have good level of grammar and vocabulary in English, however, they lack of confidence to speak. According to Elia & Irianti (2015), psychological factors are the mental factors that support or deter people for making ‘frame of mind’ to accomplish things. Lack of confidence is the feeling of uncertain of their self-worth and a sense of inferior to the others. This type of people tend to disengage themselves because they are sneaking suspicion of their own wisdom and talent. Lack of confidence implication begin from the shortcoming in various personality aspect (Elia