Argue for or against a resolution in Congress to create as national monument for those who moved to the West in the 1850s and 1860s, also known as pioneers.
In the 2013 online article, “The Chris McCandless Obsession Problem”, author Diana Saverin describes the Alaskan wilderness travel phenomenon along with attempting to uncover the ‘McCandless Pilgrims’ “root of motivation. Sparked by the release of both Jon Krakauer’s and Sean Penn’s “Into the Wild”, numerous individuals pack their backpacks and eagerly step into their (sometimes newly-bought) hiking shoes and tramp into the Alaskan Wild to pay homage to their hero Chris McCandless. Filled with personal anecdotes and interviews, Severin’s Outside article takes a new approach Into the Wild commentary by directing attention to the lives McCandless’s story affected indirectly rather than critiquing on McCandless himself. In response to what appears to be a huge amount of troubled McCandless-inspired tramping stories, Saverin provides an unbiased rationale as a attempt to explain why so many are “willing to risk injury, and even death, to..visit the last home of Alaska’s most famous adventure casualty”.
“The Oregon Trail,” written by Francis Parkman is a description of the experiences traveling into the unknown depths of the American west in 1846. The story is told from the first person point of view of Parkman, a scholar from Boston who embarks on the great expedition of traveling into the west in hopes of studying the lives of the Native Americans. His journey is also one of the first detailed descriptions of the beauty and the bounty of a largely uninhabited North American territory. But one of the most critical elements of the story was Parkman’s encounters and recruitment of members to his band of travelers who ultimately play a major role in the success of the western journey.
Storytelling is an fundamental tradition in Native American culture, acting as a communal activity and a method of bonding. The importance of storytelling is communicated in an interview with Ceremony author, Leslie Marmon Silko. “It's very important to understand the function that this kind of telling and retelling of incidents has. It's what holds the community together in a way that goes beyond clan relations and blood relations” (Source B). Silko expresses that stories connect a group of people in a way that relationships and
All stories illustrate the beginning, with value and insight; indigenous knowledge is innately given. In an indigenous worldview, knowledge comes from the creator and from creation itself. The Haudenosaunee people are given principles to explicate for appropriate conduct to all of creation and its beings. The creation story illustrates that all of creation has a responsibility in growth, development, and sustainability; the great law of peace demonstrates how to live a “good mind”; the good message describes how to treat one another; the original instructions depict between the right and wrong doing’s; the symbolism of the wampum belts explicates the history of the Haudenosaunee people. These principles instruct humanity and assigns roles and
Myth is a story that represents a culture's values and helps to define the individuals that comprise it. All cultures are based on myths. Perhaps the most significant myth in American culture is that of the American frontier generated by the European encounters with the American West.
Myths and Legends often contain clues that can help Cryptozoologists on their search for unexplained, extinct, or mythical animals. Why are these stories sometimes so valuable? The reason why these stories are so valuable is because they have been there for generations to generation. To find whatever they are looking for could mean something very much personal. History is something that could get us more close and connected to the world. When there is so much we can do but know very little, the hunger of exploring and findings could be a very top, temptation to some.
At this time, the Indian Termination policy had just ended, ceasing the forced assimilation of Indians into American society and customs. In addition to this, during the Termination period, two-million five hundred-thousand acres of trust land was removed from protected status, and sold to non-natives, leaving Native Americans without land and connections to their tribes. Due to this, the issue of Native American land became prevalent in America, but an authentic voice was still missing for the Native American community. In this, Momaday became that voice, and became a teacher to a society ignorant of other’s customs and traditions. With this, the audience of the work became the people of America who knew little about the people assimilated into their society. Because of this work, Momaday spread the important aspects of the Native American culture, and worked to preserve the Kiowa history by sharing the importance of protecting culture plus commemorating
The Alaskan Bush is one of the hardest places to survive without any assistance, supplies, skills, and little food. Jon Krakauer explains in his biography, Into The Wild, how Christopher McCandless ventured into the Alaskan Bush and ultimately perished due to lack of preparation and hubris. McCandless was an intelligent young man who made a few mistakes but overall Krakauer believed that McCandless was not an ignorant adrenalin junkie who had no respect for the land. Krakauer chose to write this biography because he too had the strong desire to discover and explore as he also ventured into the Alaskan Bush when he was a young man, but he survived unlike McCandless. Krakauer’s argument was convincing because he gives credible evidence that McCandless was not foolish like many critics say he was.
The first chapter of both APeople’s History of the United States (Zinn, 1980) andA Patriot’s History of the United States(Schweikart and Allen, 2004) tells the story of the discovery of the New World. Beginning with the landing of Columbus in the Bahamas, these accounts are told from two separate perspectives. Zinn often refers to the telling of history as a tale between victims and executioners, saying that in the “inevitable taking of sides which comes from selection and emphasis in History” he prefers to stand on the side of the victim, whereas Schweikart and Allen tend to stand behind the executioner. Much of APatriot’s Historyis spent arguing the accuracy of the number of natives murdered by invading European entities, attempting to minimize the blame reflected on these executioners. However, Schweikart and Allen have access to more modern technology and theory seeing as APatriot’s Historywas
People wanted to move west and the government did not want to stop them. All the white Americans believed in Manifest Destiny or that it was the destiny of the United States to stretch from one ocean to the other. This, however, threatened the livelihoods of the indigenous people who called the uninhabited lands between the oceans home. Specifically, it threatened the Lakota Sioux residing in and around the Black Hills. The United States calmed the fears of the Lakota with the Treaties of Fort Laramie in 1858 and 1861. Jeffrey Ostler explains that the treaties “secured the Lakota title to the Black Hills.” However, when rumors of the discovery of gold in the hills spread east, the Lakotas knew they were in trouble. By 1877, after the battle at Little Bighorn and growing tensions between the Lakota and the United States government, the US Congress passed an act that seized the Black Hills from the Lakota. This seizure was illegal according to the Treaties of Fort Laramie, but it would take until 1980 for the Supreme Court to recognize this. In the 103 years separating the confiscation of the Black Hills and the Supreme Court decision that it was illegal, the Lakota battled for the reclamation of the Black Hills in court cases and protests. They filed a claim in 1920 requesting the return of the Black Hills, but no action was taken. The American Indian Movement went to
This podcast briefly summarizes the significance of role of Christopher Columbus as one of the founding fathers of the United States of America. Contrary to the beliefs in 19th and early 20th century of him as a hero and symbol of bravery and a visionary, they talk about how he was actually heading in the wrong journey and overthrowing the indigenous people. Along with this many of his characteristics were known to be whitewashed to show importance of certain agendas. His every memory is carefully scrutinized and is broken down into various incidence over the hundreds of years.
If your family is starving but the laws told you that you cannot go out and get food, what do you do? A similar question was running circles in Tommy Pikok Sr. and John Nusunginya’s head when the law told him he could not provide food for his family. In 1961 the Duck-In began when the Migratory Bird Treaty was signed. This treaty outlawed hunting from March to September when the birds were only available for harvest in Alaska. As a result, the hungry Iñupiaq people in Barrow decided to pay no mind to the law and protested. This tragic event proves that the law cannot jeopardize the Iñupiaq people’s way of living. This event showed leadership by taking pride in the culture, working together, and by making the citizens of Barrow voices heard.
In Lost Mountain, Reece’s use of logos, and his personal experience helps his ethos builds a strong argument. He becomes a credible author through being a life, eye witness of the whole process, as well as his superior skills in research and presentation of said research. Throughout the book, the use of his statistics, comparisons and eye witness observations all add to his credibility. His use of pathos build his use of logos and ethos help the reader trust and view him as a credible source, as well as connect emotionally to the potentially distant topic of mountain top removal.
Therefore, the elites could more easily condescend the servants, and keep their superiority. To add on, Zinn used testomonial evidence to back his thesis, as he described that “one observer testified:’"I have seen an Overseer beat a Servant with a cane about the head till the blood has followed, for a fault that is not worth the speaking of...." The Maryland court records showed many servant suicides. In 1671, Governor Berkeley of Virginia reported that in previous years four of five servants died of disease after their arrival. Many were poor children, gathered up by the hundreds on the streets of English cities and sent to Virginia to work’” (Zinn). Zinn uses this to effectively portray the mistreatment, and separation of the classes. Throughout this chapter, Zinn uses historical argumentation as he argues how each circumstance led to more racism, and separation of the classes. This consequently raises doubts about the past, as it questions how the upper and lower classes