The quake cost 3,000 people their lives and not only rattled the residences of San Francisco, but people from Oregon to L.A and as far inland as Nevada(history.com). The quake ran down the San Andreas fault for 296 miles.The total damage estimation is $500,000,000 and very little of that is from the earthquake directly(history.com). Much of the destruction originated from fire. Many small fires across San Francisco grew into very large fires that demolished the city. The fires obliterated 490 city blocks, a total of 25,000 buildings leaving over 250,000 homeless (eyewitnesshistory) and, websites are conflicted but estimate the loss of 450 to 3,000 lives.
It had struck on July 28th, 1976 at 03:42 A.M near Tangshan (a large industrial prefecture-level city in northeastern China with approximately 1 million or more residents) in Hebei with a magnitude of 7.8. It has been stated that there have been 242,000 casualties and at least 700,000 people were injured resulting it to be the one of the deadliest earthquakes in the twentieth century. It was unexpected as it had struck at a very late time where people had been asleep and not
There are many natural disasters that affect the world, for example, volcanoes. Mount St. Helens is known to be the most active volcano in the Cascade Range in Washington; effecting the people and the state. It was first recognized as a volcano in 1835! Before the eruption on May 18,1980, Mount St. Helens was a beautiful symmetrical cone, 3,000 meters above sea level. For most of the 20th century, many people viewed this mountain and recreation area as a beautiful and peaceful place, but after the volcano erupted in 1980 that view point was shattered.
On April 18, 1906 a deadly earthquake struck San Francisco. The people of San Francisco were having a normal day but at 5:13 a.m the earthquake struck. It lasted for 48 seconds it resulted in the city going up in flames. Around 6 o 'clock the flames became more forceful and at 8 o 'clock they made their way into north beach which spread to the hills. The earthquake affected the cities because it burned down the buildings that those cities needed to make money, the whole downtown was mostly in ruin.
In 1755, Portugal was hit with a devastating natural disaster known as the Lisbon earthquake, killing an estimated 70,000 people and destroying almost 20,000 homes. As this was considered the first modern natural disaster of its time, and because the earthquake took place in a major capital city, the event sparked much discussion on the understanding of why it happened. In traditional view, the world was considered to be the best of all possible worlds and natural disasters "were often used as illustrations to indicate how "bad things" could happen" (Dynes 98). The Lisbon earthquake proved that, indeed, bad things can happen. The earthquake occurred almost at the center of the Enlightenment, a time when people began to use reason rather than
This particular earthquake was the largest recorded earthquake for Japan prior to 2011 earthquake. 49 days after the Hoei earthquake, on 16 December 1707, Mount Fuji erupted from three vents located on its southeast flank [Tsuya, 1955]. This particular eruption was a plinian eruption that produced 0.7 km^3 of tephra [Miyaji and Koyoma, 2007], and the emission was of mixed and mingled andesitic and dacitic tephras that was then followed by basaltic tephra [Tsuya, 1955]. According to Chesley (2012), the conduit was opened and the basaltic magma was pushed out of the chamber by unclamping of the deeper dike along with compression of the basaltic magma chamber. This basaltic magma then moved up the dike from the basaltic chamber 20 km deep into the andesitic and dacitic magma chambers creating magma mixing and rapid vesiculation.
Historical background: One of the deadliest natural disasters in Canada was the NEWFOUND HURRICANE. It was Nova Scotia a geologist who found out about this hurricane. This event took place in the year 1775 in the month September, it was a created by a huge storm, the effect of this storm was the rise of the sea which rose up to 20 to 30 feet tall, and approximately 4000 people died in this storm, most of them were from Ireland and England which got drowned on the Grand Banks. It destroyed more than 700 boats. The people died when the storm started (When all of a sudden it got really windy and then the hurricane came) there were more than 2000 fishing boats that got lost because of this storm.
Still to this day, the Gulf War oil spill remains the worst disaster of its kind. This spill resulted in the death of over 10 thousand sea birds and threatened sea turtles and marine mammals in the surrounding areas (Baumann, 2001). The second largest oil spill was the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, also known as the Gulf of Mexico, or BP Oil Spill that occurred more recently in 2010. This oil spill was caused by a surge of natural gases resulting in the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon rig. The explosion occurred while workers were at the rig attempting to activate the blow-out preventer, this BOP malfunctioned and the rig exploded killing 11 workers and injuring 17.
Have you ever been in a earthquake? Have you ever been around a volcano eruption? I 'm here to tell you about these two natural disaster. I am going to include Mount Saint Helen 1980 eruption and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Mount St. Helens is well-known for its exceeding eruption in 1980, the most cruel and destructive volcanic action ever in U.S.. 57 people were killed, 250 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles of railways, 185 miles of highway were ruined A giant fragments avalanche happened by an earthquake about 5.1 on the Richter scale made a eruption that decreased the elevation of the mountain 's peak from 9,677 ft to 8,363 ft, leaving a wide horseshoe shaped pit. The fragment avalanche was up to .7 cubic miles in volume.
On May 18th, 1980, Mount Saint Helen, a volcano in Washington erupted majorly. The eruption is the most studied volcano eruption. Mt. St. Helen was known as one of the most prestige volcanoes in the Cascade Range before its eruption on May 18, 1980. The eruption made a big blast that destroyed the northern part of the volcano, crushing millions of the trees below the mountain.
As well as being attacked, the United States also played the role of the attacker in August of 1945. This was a deadly nuclear bombing of the Japanese town Hiroshima. This was the first nuclear bomb ever deployed. This horrific explosion killed 90% of Hiroshima’s population, combining the 80,000 of whom the bomb killed immediately, and those who later died of radiation exposure. Three days later, another bomb was dropped Nagasaki, which killed another 40,000.
In the city for many years, the people of Pompeii did not know that that Mount Vesuvius (the volcano) would erupt. Even seeing smoke coming out of the volcano they still did not know what the future would hold. When Mount Vesuvius was erupting, every second 1.5 million tons of ashes and rocks shot out of the volcano. Rocks that would shoot out of the volcano would reach about twenty miles high. Researchers estimated that 1,600 people died during Vesuvius 's eruption.
It involves high-pressure injections of water and chemicals into rock formations, which in turn release natural gas (Thompson, “Hydraulic Fracturing Should Be Banned”). However, fracking can result in many negative outcomes. For instance, scientists who conducted the earthquake study for Geology discovered that not only did fracking cause the biggest earthquake in Oklahoma, but it also caused more earthquakes in states that hardly experienced any seismic activity (“Wastewater Injection Spurred Biggest Earthquake Yet, Says Study,” The Earth Institute Columbia University). In fact, quakes have hit so frequently in Oklahoma, that state and oil regulators decided to shut down five disposal wells due to the increasing number of earthquakes in a city named Cushing (“Oil Regulators Shut Down Two Disposal Wells After Earthquakes Near Cushing”, State Impact: NPR). If fracking is capable of causing temblors as powerful as a 5.7-magnitude, it may be capable of inducing other massive earthquakes in the future.