Mara Salvatrucha Known to some people as the most dangerous and violent gang in the world, Mara Salvatrucha or MS-13, has gained, held and showed its power through many forms. Mara Salvatrucha is slang for Salvadoran Army Ants and they are spreading nationally with increasing numbers of members. They gain, hold and show their power through the use of recruitment, extreme brutality, different sorts of operations and their brotherhood.
Haylie Galvan Barrio Azteca Gang Gang violence in El Paso has been a major issue since the emergence of one particular gang- Barrio Azteca. The streets of El Paso were rapidly becoming a home to violent acts and drug trafficking. The infamous Barrio Azteca gang was formed in the 1980’s in Texas originally as a prison gang. It started as a prison gang before they expanded out onto the streets. Several of the founding members banded together in order to protect themselves from rival Hispanic gangs.
The MS-13 gang, well known as Mara Salvatrucha 13, is one of the most organized and violently dangerous gangs in the United States. The gang was establishes in the 1980, in the predominately Spanish speaking parts of Los Angeles, initially starting off with refuges who were in nature calm and in control. However, some Mexican immigrants began their power guiding and controlling these individuals into an underworld organization, which quickly began to harden the individuals. Once this occurred in the El Salvadorian neighborhoods, the immigrants wanted to organize themselves, so they decided to come up with a name for themselves.
Another example to illustrate Padilla’s thesis is rivalry among other gangs. Their gangs were under constant threat of invasion and take-over by other gangs. Engaging in rivalry among other gangs led to criminal acts. These youngsters would have to defend what they believed was their property. In other words, these youngsters did not want other gangs to take over their property.
Responding to the opening question requires another question first be addressed: what is drug culture? Psychologist Pamela Brian defines drug culture as “the lifestyle of people who take and abuse drugs that create an altered form of consciousness” (Brian). The US Center for Substance Abuse Treatment is even more specific and defines a drug culture as one with its own history as well as shared values, beliefs, customs, traditions, rituals, and behaviors. Members of a drug culture often share similar ways of dressing, patterns of socializing, language, and styles of communication (Center). Drug cultures also tend to be localized to a certain degree (Center).
The Mafia was an Italian organization in the 1920's. It was a crime network expanding across multiple states across the Us. It rose to power through an illegal liquor trade in a period when liquor was prohibited. The mafia was involved in drug trafficking and gambling. For example, if you owned a store, the Mafia would ask for twenty percent of all profit.
In Northern California Hispanic gangs graffiti is distinct in the fact they are known to tag the number “14” which in the alphabet is the letter “N” for norteno or northerner. These gangs fall under the geographic area opposite of that of Surrenos which is the area just north of Bakersfield up to the state border of Oregon. The nortenos also pledge allegiance to a prison gang but not the Mexican Mafia. The nortenos pledge allegiance to their own prison gang called “Nuestra Familia” or in English “Our Family”. Similar to southern gangs they pledge allegiance by following order from within the prison by the Nuestra Familia shot callers and paying “taxes” from their drug sales.
In order to be able to understand the reason why violence is highly used in prison gangs we most know the history behind their organization. For example, the NF originated in Soledad prison in California in the mid 1960s. They were formed because they were tired of being the victim of abuse from the EME so they branched off and made their own organization. The NF members that started the prison gang were once Mexican Mafia members. The EME would prey upon those who weren't part of them.
The purpose of this research is to draw a connection between a history of gang violence in Central America and drug trafficking in Mexico and Central American and Mexican migration patterns to the U.S. Beyond that, this paper highlights U.S. involvement in the increase of gang violence specifically in Honduras and El Salvador, and how the U.S. demand for narcotics has fueled the Drug War throughout Latin America but mostly in Mexico. This paper also shows how U.S. policies on the legalization of certain drugs and criminal justice reforms can decrease illegal immigration and improve the lives of people seeking to migrate north. Introduction As large numbers of Central American and Mexican migrants continue to cross the United States’ southern border, many
New York in the 1800’s was a land that brought new idea, freedom, and prosperity. It however, did not bring the ideal safety that many of us have today. Over population was a problem in many houses, fires and crime rates ran very high, and jobs did not promise any security. In fact, New York was not a very safe place to live at all.